Chapter 8

Tao Te Ching (Dao De Jing)
Classic of the Way and Virtue

By Lao Tzu (Laozi)

Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California

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Chapter 8

Tao Te Ching (Dao De Jing) by Lao Tzu



English and Chinese (Wade-Giles) Terms:  The Nature of Goodness, Water (shui), Easy by Nature, Lower, Humble, Humane or Benevolent (jên), Settles or Rests (ch'u), Placid and Contented Nature, Flowing, Timing or Opportunity (shih), Sage or Wise Person, Don't Contend, Superior or Supreme (shang), Earth or Ground (ti), Be Peaceful, Humble, Efficient, Timeliness, Leadership, Skillful, Hated or Despised (wu), Depth, Te, Faith, Order, Faultless, Heart, Stillness, Truth, Profit or Gains (li), Leadership, Government, Heart or Mind (hsin), Business, Resembles or Is Like (jo), State, Grounded, Firm, Struggle or Contending (chêng), Kindliness, Virtue, Sincere, Able, Action, Able or Competent (nêng), Timeliness, Speech, Goodness or Excellence (shan), Near or Very Close (chi), Quarrel, Wisdom, Governing or Administration (chêng), Master, Inner Life, Fault or Wrong (yu), Relationships or Associates (), Deep or Profound (yüan), Ten Thousand Things or Myriad Beings (wan wu), Low like Water,  易性

Términos en Español:  Bondad, Agua, Baja, Humilde, Humane, Benevolente, Placid, Contento, Laguna, Oportunidad, Sabio, Santo,  No Contienden, Superior, Supremo, Tierra, Pacífico, Eficiente, Liderazgo, Hábil, Odiado, Despreciado, Profundidad, Orden, Impecable, Corazón, Quietud, Verdad, Gobierno, Estado, Firme, Lucha, Contendientes, Sincero, Capaz, Acción, Competente, Puntualidad, Discurso, Excelencia, Cerca, Pelea, Sabiduría, Maestro de Vida Interior, Falla, Mal, Relaciones, Asociados, Profunda, Diez Mil Cosas. 




"One of universal nature is like water;
He benefits all things
But does not contend with them. 
He unprotestingly takes the lowest position;
Thus, he is close to the universal truth.
One of universal virtue chooses to live
In a suitable environment. 
He attunes his mind to become profound.   
In his speech, he is sincere.
His rule brings about order. 
His work is efficient. 
His actions are opportune. 
One of deep virtue does not contend with people:
Thus, he is above reproach."
-  Translated by Hua-Ching Ni, 1979, Chapter 8  



"Highest good is like water.
Because water excels in benefiting the myriad creatures
    without contending with them and settles where none would like to be,
    it comes close to the way.
In a home it is the site that matters;
In quality of mind it is depth that matters;
In an ally it is benevolence that matters;
In speech it is good faith that matters;
In government it is order that matters;
In affairs it is ability that matters;
In action it is timeliness that matters.
It is because it does not contend that it is never at fault."
-  Translated by D. C. Lau, 1963, Chapter 8  



"The highest form of goodness is like water.
Water knows how to benefit all things without striving with them.
It stays in places loathed by all men.
Therefore, it comes near the Tao.
In choosing your dwelling, know how to keep to  the ground.
In cultivating your mind, know how to dive in  the hidden deeps.
In dealing with others, know how to be gentle and kind.
In speaking, know how to keep your words.
In governing, know how to maintain order.
In transacting business, know how to be efficient.
In making a move, know how to choose the right  moment.
If you do not strive with others,
You will be free from blame."
-  Translated by John C. H. Wu, 1961, Chapter 8 




Revealing the Tao Te Ching: In-Depth Commentaries on an Ancient Classic  By Hu Xuzehi
Revealing the Tao Te Ching: In-Depth Commentaries on an Ancient Classic  By Hu Xuzehi
Tao Te Ching  Annotated translation by Victor Mair  
Reading Lao Tzu: A Companion to the Tao Te Ching with a New Translation  By Ha Poong Kim
The Philosophy of the Daodejing  By Hans-Georg Moeller  

Ripening Peaches: Taoist Studies and Practices   By Mike Garofalo

Dao De Jing: A Philosophical Translation  By Roger T. Ames and David T. Hall
Tao Te Ching on The Art of Harmony   By Chad Hansen. 
The Way and Its Power: Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching and Its Place in Chinese Thought   By Arthur Waley






"True goodness is like water, in that it benefits everything and harms nothing.
Like water it ever seeks the lowest place, the place that all others avoid.
It is closely kin to the Dao.  
For a dwelling it chooses the quiet meadow; for a heart the circling eddy.
In generosity it is kind,
In speech it is sincere,
In authority it is order,
In affairs it is ability,
In movement it is rhythm.
In as much as it is always peaceable it is never rebuked."
-  Translated by Dwight Goddard and Henri Borel, 1919, Chapter 8  



"The best way to life is to be like water
For water benefits all things and goes against none of them
It provides for all people and even cleanses those places a man is loath to go
In this way it is just like Tao
Live in accordance with the nature of things
Build your house on solid ground
Keep your mind still
When giving, be kind
When speaking, be truthful
When ruling, be just
When working, be one-pointed
When acting, remember ?timing is everything
One who lives in accordance with nature does not go against the way of things
He moves in harmony with the present moment always knowing the truth of just what to do"
-  Translated by Johathan Star, 2001, Chapter 8 



Cloud Hands Blog



"The greatest virtue is like water; it is good to all things.
It attains the most inaccessible places without strife.
Therefore it is like Tao.
It has the virtue of adapting itself to its place.
It is virtuous like the heart by being deep.
It is virtuous like speech be being faithful.
It is virtuous like government in regulating.
It is virtuous like a servant in its ability.
It is virtuous like action by being in season.
And because it does not strive it has no enemies."
-  Translated by Walter Gorn Old, 1904, Chapter 8 



Simple Taoism: A Guide to Living in Balance   By Alexander Simkins
The Tao of Daily Life: The Mysteries of the Orient Revealed   By Derek Lin
Everyday Tao: Living with Balance and Harmony    By Ming-Dao Deng. 
Ripening Peaches: Taoist Studies and Practices
The Tao of Pooh   By Benjamin Hoff. 
Scholar Warrior: An Introduction to the Tao in Everyday Life   By Ming-Dao Deng
Vitality, Energy, Spirit: A Taoist Sourcebook   Translated by Thomas Cleary






"The highest excellence is like that of water.
The excellence of water appears in its benefiting all things, and in its occupying,
Without striving to the contrary, the low place which all men dislike.
Hence its way is near to that of the Tao.
The excellence of a residence is in the suitability of the place;
That of the mind is in abysmal stillness;
That of associations is in their being with the virtuous;
That of government is in its securing good order;
That of the conduct of affairs is in its ability; and,
That of the initiation of any movement is in its timeliness.
And when one with the highest excellence does not wrangle about his low position,
No one finds fault with him."
-  Translated by James Legge, 1891, Chapter 8 



夫唯不爭, 故無尤.
-  Chinese characters, Chapter 8, Tao Te Ching



shang shan jo shui.
shui shan li wan wu erh pu chêng.
ch'u chung jên chih so wu.
ku chi yü tao.
chü shan ti hsin shan yüan.
yü shan jên.
yen shan hsin.
chêng shan chih.
shih shan nêng.
tung shan shih.
fu wei pu cheng, ku wu wu. 
-  Wade-Giles Romanization, Tao Te Ching, Chapter 8


Audio Version in Chinese of Chapter 8 of the Tao Te Ching


shang shan ruo shui.
shui shan li wan wu er bu zheng.
chu zhong ren zhi suo wu.
gu ji yu dao.
ju shan di xin shan yuan.
yu shan ren.
yan shan xin.
zheng shan zhi.
shi shan neng.
dong shan shi.
fu wei bu zheng, gu wu you.
-  Pinyin Romanization, Chapter 8, Daodejing




Tao Te Ching in Chinese characters and English (includes a word by word key) from YellowBridge

Tao Te Ching in Chinese characters, Pinyin Romanization, English and German by Dr. Hilmar Alquiros. 

Laozi Daodejing: Chapters with Chinese characters, seal script, detailed word by word concordance, Pinyin, German, French and English. 

Chinese and English Dictionary, MDGB

Chinese Character Dictionary

Dao De Jing Wade-Giles Concordance by Nina, Dao is Open

Dao De Jing English and Wade-Giles Concordance by Mike Garofalo

Tao Te Ching in Pinyin Romanization with Chinese characters, WuWei Foundation

Tao Te Ching in Pinyin Romanization

Tao Te Ching in Chinese characters and English

Tao Te Ching: English translation, Word by Word Chinese and English, and Commentary, Center Tao by Carl Abbott

Tao Te Ching in Chinese characters, English, Word by word analysis, Zhongwen

Tao Te Ching: The Definitive Edition  By Jonathan Star.  Chinese characters, Wade-Giles Romanization, and a list of meanings for each character. 

Tao Te Ching in Chinese characters: Big 5 Traditional and GB Simplified

Convert from Pinyin to Wade Giles to Yale Romanizations of Words and Terms: A Translation Tool from Qi Journal

Chinese Characters, Wade-Giles and Pinyin Romanizations, and 16 English Translations for Each Chapter of the Daodejing by Mike Garofalo. 

Tao Te Ching in Chinese characters, Pinyin and Wade Giles Romanization spellings, English; a word for word translation of the Guodian Laozi Version. 

Lao Zi's Dao De Jing: A Matrix Translation with Chinese Text by Bradford Hatcher. 



"The highest goodness is like water.
Water is beneficent to all things but does not contend.
It stays in places which others despise.
Therefore it is near Tao.
In dwelling, think it a good place to live;
In feeling, make the heart deep;
In friendship, keep on good terms with men;
In words, have confidence;
In ruling, abide by good order;
In business, take things easy;
In motion, make use of the opportunity;
Since there is no contention, there is no blame."
-  Translated by Ch'u Ta-Kao, 1904, Chapter 8 




The Complete Works of Lao Tzu: Tao Teh Ching & Hua Hu Ching   Translation and elucidation by Hua Ching Ni
The Tao Te Ching of Lao Tzu   Translated by Brian Walker
Tao Te Ching  Translated by Arthur Waley
Tao - The Way   Translated by Lionel and and Herbert Giles
Taoism: An Essential Guide   By Eva Wong






"The best are like water
bringing help to all
without competing
choosing what others avoid
hence approaching the Tao
dwelling with earth  
thinking with depth 
helping with kindness
speaking with truth 
governing with peace 
working with skill
moving with time 
and because they don't compete
they aren't maligned."
-  Translated by Bill (Red Pine) Porter, 1996, Chapter 8 



"The highest good of mankind, is like water -
- Without competition, gives Life to All Things.
- Flowing, it seeks and dwells in places rejected by mankind.
Thus it approaches close to the Tao.

Accordingly, the Sage -
- In dwelling, Seeks closeness to the earth.
- In heart, Seeks that which is profound.
- In relationships, Seeks gentleness and kindness.
- In speech, Seeks sincerity and truthfulness.
- In government, Seeks justice, order and peace.
- In business, Seeks ability and competence.
- In movement and action, Seeks timeliness.

The Sage -
Remaining free from competition and contention,
Is without blame - beyond reproach."
-  Translated by Alan B. Taplow, 1982, Chapter 8 



"Man at his best, like water,
Serves as he goes along:
Like water he seeks his own level,
The common level of life,
Loves living close to the earth,
Living clear down in his heart,
Loves kinship with his neighbors,
The pick of words that tell the truth,
The even tenor of a well-run state,
The fair profit of able dealing,
The right timing of useful deeds,
And for blocking no one's way
No one blames him."
-  Translated by Witter Bynner, 1944, Chapter 8 



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California




Lieh-Tzu: A Taoist Guide to Practical Living  Translated by Eva Wong
The Daodejing of Laozi   Translated by Philip Ivahoe 
Daoism: A Beginner's Guide   By James Miller
Early Daoist Scriptures  Translated by Stephen Bokencamp
Lifestyle Advice from Wise Persons
Simple Taoism: A Guide to Living in Balance  By Alexander and Annellen Simpkins
Practical Taoism  Translated by Thomas Cleary
Daoism and Chinese Culture  By Livia Kohn






"The highest good is like that of water.
The goodness of is that it benefits the ten thousand creatures;
Yet itself does not scramble,
But is content with the places that all men disdain.
It is this makes water so near to the Way.
And if men think the ground the best place for building a house upon,
If among thoughts they value those that are profound,
If in friendship they value gentleness,
In words, truth; in government, good order;
In deeds, effectiveness; in actions, timeliness -
In each case it is because they prefer what does not lead to strife,
And therefore does not go amiss."
-  Translated by Arthur Waley, 1934, Chapter 8 



"The highest goodness, water-like,
Does good to everything and goes
Unmurmuring to places men despise;
But so, is close in nature to the Way.
If the good of the house is from land,
Or the good of the mind is depth,
Or love is the virtue of friendship,
Or honesty blesses one's talk,
Or in government, goodness is order,
Or in business, skill is admired,
Or the worth of an act lies in timing,
Then peace is the goal of the Way
By which no one ever goes astray."
-  Translated by Raymond Blackney, 1955, Chapter 8  



"Perfect excellence is like gentle water.
Gentle water benefits all things and yet it does not struggle.
Do away with what all people hate.
Thus this is approaching Dao.
Give to what is of perfect personnel.
Stay in a perfect place,
think in a perfect way,
cooperate with perfect people,
speak perfect truth,
govern in perfect order,
work for perfect potentiality,
move when the time is perfect.
Because of non-struggle, therefore, there is no blame."
-  Translated by Tang Zi-Chang, Chapter 8 




Tao Te Ching  Translated by Stephen Addiss and Stanley Lombardo  

Lao Tzu: Tao Te Ching  Translated by John C. Wu

Lao-Tzu and the Tao-Te-Ching  Translated by Livia Kohn

Dao De Jing: The Book of the Way Translated by Moss Roberts






"Superior goodness resembleth water.
The water’s goodness benefiteth the ten thousand things, yet it quarreleth not. 
Water dwelleth in the places which the multitudes of men shun; therefore it is near unto the eternal Reason.
The dwelling of goodness is in lowliness.
The heart of goodness is in commotion.
When giving, goodness showeth benevolence.
In words, goodness keepeth faith.
In government goodness standeth for order.
In business goodness exhibiteth ability.
The movements of goodness keep time. 
It quarreleth not.
Therefore it is not rebuked."
-  Translated by D. T. Suzuki, 1913, Chapter 8 



"The best way to conduct oneself may be observed in the behaviour of water.
Water is useful to every living thing, yet it does not demand pay in return for its services.
It does not even require that it be recognized, esteemed, or appreciated for its benefits.
This illustrates how intelligent behaviour so closely approximates the behaviour of Nature itself.

If experience teaches that houses should be built close to the ground,
That friendship should be based on sympathy and good will,
That good government employs peaceful means of regulation,
That business is more successful if it employs efficient methods,
That wise behaviour adapts itself appropriately to the particular circumstances.
All this is because these are the easiest ways.
If one proceeds naturally, without ambition or envy, everything works out for the best."
-  Translated by Archie J. Bahm, 1958, Chapter 8   



"The supreme good is like water,
which benefits all of creation
without trying to compete with it.
It gathers in unpopular places.
Thus it is like the Tao.

The location makes the dwelling good.
Depth of understanding makes the mind good.
A kind heart makes the giving good.
Integrity makes the government good.
Accomplishment makes your labors good.
Proper timing makes a decision good.

Only when there is no competition
will we all live in peace."
-  Translated by John H. McDonald, 1996, Chapter 8  




Walking the Way: 81 Zen Encounters with the Tao Te Ching by Robert Meikyo Rosenbaum

The Tao of Zen by Ray Grigg

Tao Te Ching: Zen Teachings on the Taoist Classic by Takuan Soho 

Buddhism and Taoism Face to Face: Scripture, Ritual, and Iconographic Exchange in Medieval China by Christine Mollier  






"The best of men is like water;
Water benefits all things
And does not compete with them.
It dwells in the lowly places that all disdain -
Wherein it comes near to the Tao.
In his dwelling, the Sage loves the lowly earth;
In his heart, he loves what is profound;
In his relations with others, he loves kindness;
In his words, he loves sincerity;
In government, he loves peace;
In business affairs, he loves ability;
In his actions, he loves choosing the right time.
It is because he does not contend
That he is without reproach."
-  Translated by Lin Yutang, 1955, Chapter 8  



"The seer flows like water
Lying low along the way
Nourishing whatever comes
To be held on display

The seer keeps to simple ways
And therefore is content
When joy or sorrow manifests
To give complete assent

If you can clearly be yourself
And never rise to interfere
Everyone will cherish you
And always hold you dear"
-  Translated by Jim Clatfelder, 2000, Chapter 8



"Höchste Gute ist wie das Wasser.
Des Wassers Güte ist es, allen Wesen zu nützen ohne Streit.
Es weilt an Orten, die alle Menschen verachten.
Drum steht es nahe dem Sinn.
Beim Wohnen zeigt sich die Güte an dem Platze.
Beim Denken zeigt sich die Güte in der Tiefe.
Beim Schenken zeigt sich die Güte in der Liebe.
Beim Reden zeigt sich die Güte in der Wahrheit.
Beim Walten zeigt sich die Güte in der Ordnung,
Beim Wirken zeigt sich die Güte im Können.
Beim Bewegen zeigt sich die Güte in der rechten Zeit.
Wer sich nicht selbst behauptet, bleibt eben dadurch frei von Tadel."
-  Translated by Richard Wilhelm, 1911, Chapter 9



"The highest goodness resembles water. Water greatly benefits all things, but does not assert itself.
He approximates to the Tao, who abides by that which men despise.
He revolutionizes the place in which he dwells; his depth is immeasurable; he strengthens moral qualities by what he bestows; he augments sincerity by what he says; he evokes peace by his administration; his transactions manifest ability, he is opportune in all his movements.
Forasmuch as he does not assert himself he is free from blame."
-  Translated by C. Spurgeon Medhurst, 1905, Chapter 8 




Further Teachings of Lao-Tzu: Understanding the Mysteries (Wen Tzu)   Translated by Thomas Cleary

The Lunar Tao: Meditations in Harmony with the Seasons   By Deng Ming-Dao

Awakening to the Tao   By Lui I-Ming (1780) and translated by Thomas Cleary

Ripening Peaches: Taoist Studies and Practices   By Mike Garofalo

Zhuangzi: The Essential Writings with Selections from Traditional Commentaries   Translation and commentary by Brook Ziporyn

The Inner Chapters of Chuang Tzu (Zhuangzi)   Translated by A. C. Graham






"The highest goodness that we know has water for its type,

It benefits all things, yet ever flows

To the spot which men disdain, the gutter and the plain,

And so is near the Tao, its archetype.

A residence is excellent according to its place,

A heart for eddies passion never knows,

Generosity for kindness, words for faithfulness,

A government for order, business for its gain,

And movements for their timeliness and grace.

As the man of excellence does not quarrel for his place,

There are none to find fault with him for the places which remain."
-  Translated by Isaac Winter Heysinger, 1903, Chapter 8



"Admire thou the High Way of Water! Is not Water the soul of the life of
things, whereby they change? Yet it seeketh its level, and abideth
content in obscurity. So also it resembleth the Tao, in this Way

The virtue of a house is to be well-placed; of the mind, to be at ease in
silence as of Space; of societies, to be well-disposed; of governments,
to maintain quietude; of work, to be skillfully performed; and of all
motion, to be made at the right time.

Also it is the virtue of a man to abide in his place without discontent;
thus offendeth he no man."
-  Translated by Aleister Crowley, 1918 , Chapter 8 



"The highest good is like water.
Water give life to the ten thousand things and does not strive.
It flows in places men reject and so is like the Tao.
In dwelling, be close to the land.
In meditation, go deep in the heart.
In dealing with others, be gentle and kind.
In speech, be true.
In ruling, be just.
In daily life, be competent.
In action, be aware of the time and the season.
No fight: No blame."
-  Translated by Gai-fu Feng and Jane English, 1989, Chapter 8 



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California




Tao Te Ching   Translated by David Hinton

The Book of Tao: Tao Te Ching - The Tao and Its Characteristics   Translated by James Legge

Ripening Peaches: Taoist Studies and Practices

Taoism: Growth of a Religion   By Isabelle Robinet

Zhuangzi (Chuang Tsu), Daoist Scripture: Bibliography, Links, Resources, Quotations, Notes

Zhuangzi: Basic Writings   Translated by Burton Watson

Zhuangzi Speaks: The Music of Nature   An illustrated comic by Chih-chung Ts'ai

Lifestyle Advice from Wise Persons






"Heavenly Love is like water.
Water blesses all things,
It does not hurt them.
It loves the lowly place that men dislike,
Therefore it comes very near to Tao.
The Master loves to dwell upon the earth.
In his heart he loves Infinity,
In his benevolence he loves giving,
In his words he loves sincerity,
In his government he loves peace,
In his business affairs he loves ability,
In his movements he loves punctuality.
The Master, indeed, does not fight,
Therefore his Inner Life increases."
-  Translated by Isabella Mears, 1916, Chapter 8 



"The highest Excellence is like water.
Water, Excellent at being of benefit to the thousands of things, does not contend.
It settles in places everyone else avoids.
Yes, it is just about Tao.
Excellence in a house: the ground.
Excellence in a mind: depth.
Excellence in companions: goodness.
Excellence in speaking: sincerity.
Excellence in setting things right: good management.
Excellence on the job: ability.
Excellence in making a move: good timing.
Simply do not contend, then there will be no fault."
-  Translated by Michael La Fargue, 1992, Chapter 8 



"The highest goodness is like water.
The goodness of water consists in benefiting the ten thousand things without ever striving.
It stays in the lowest place which all men loathe.
Therefore it comes near to the Way.
What one values in a dwelling is the location;
What one values for the heart is depth;
What one values in human relations is humanity;
What one values in speaking is good faith;
What one values in ruling is good order;
What one values in serving others is ability;
What one values in action is timeliness.
Indeed, just because there is not striving, one may remain without blame."
-  Translated by Jan J. L. Duyvendak, 1954, Chapter 8 



"L'homme d'une vertu supérieure est comme l'eau.
L'eau excelle à faire du bien aux êtres et ne lutte point.
Elle habite les lieux que déteste la foule.
C'est pourquoi le sage approche du Tao.
Il se plaît dans la situation la plus humble.
Son cœur aime à être profond comme un abîme.
S'il fait des largesses, il excelle à montrer de l'humanité.
S'il parle, il excelle à pratiquer la vérité.
S'il gouverne, il excelle à procurer la paix.
S'il agit, il excelle à montrer sa capacité.
S'il se meut, il excelle à se conformer aux temps.
Il ne lutte contre personne; c'est pourquoi il ne reçoit aucune marque de blâme."
-  Translated by Stanislas Julien, 1842, Chapter 8




Spanish Language Versions of the Tao Te Ching (Daodejing)
Tao Te Ching en Español

Lao Tsé Tao Te Ching   Traducido al español por Anton Teplyy

Tao Te Ching   Traducido por Stephen Mitchell, versión española  

Tao Te Ching   Traducido al español por el Padre Carmelo Elorduy

Lifestyle Advice from Wise Persons   Consejos de Estilo de Vida de Sabios

Tao Te Ching en Español

Lao Tzu-The Eternal Tao Te Ching   Traducido al español por Yuanxiang Xu y Yongjian Yin 

Ripening Peaches: Taoist Studies and Practices   By Mike Garofalo    Maduración Duraznos: Estudios y Prácticas Taoístas por Mike Garofalo

Tao Te Ching - Wikisource

Tao Te Ching   Traducido al español por William Scott Wilson. 

Lao Tzu - Tao Te Ching   Traducido al español por Javier Cruz

Tao te king   Translated by John C. H. Wu, , versión española  

Daodejing   Español, Inglés, y Chino Versiones Lingüísticas de la Daodejing





"La Suprema Bondad es como el agua.
El agua es buena y útil a los diez mil seres por igual.
No tiene preferencias por ninguno en especial.
Fluye en sitios que los hombres suelen rechazar,
al igual que sucede con el Tao.
Por esto, estar cerca del Tao implica que:
Al escoger tu morada,
has de saber cómo no apartarte de la tierra.
Al cultivar tu mente,
has de saber cómo bucear en las profundidades ocultas.
Al tratar con los demás,
has de saber ser amable y bondadoso.
Al hablar, has de saber medir tus palabras.
Al gobernar, has de saber cómo promover el equilibrio.
Al administrar, has de saber ser eficaz y justo.
Cuando actúes,
has de saber escoger el momento oportuno.
El Sabio que consiente en ello no rivaliza con los otros,
y Por lo tanto, no se equivoca."
-  Translation from Wikisource, 2013,
Capítulo 8



"La perfección suprema es como el agua.
La perfección del agua beneficia a diez mil cosas y carece de disputa.
Reside en lugares que muchos desprecian, con lo que se compara con el Dao.
En el residir, la perfección es la tierra, en la mente la perfección es lo profundo, en el dar la perfección es la benevolencia,
En las palabras la perfección es la verdad, en el gobierno la perfección es aprovechar la fuerza,
En los asuntos la perfección es la capacidad, en la actividad la perfección es la oportunidad.
Sólo un maestro sin disputa es un ejemplo libre de error."
-  Translation by HeBe, 2007,
Capítulo 8



"La suprema bondad es como el agua, sin oposición llega a todos.
Habita en los lugares que los hombres aborrecen.
Así, acercándose al Tao uno se mantiene en armonía en su sitio, ama lo profundo en sus pensamientos,
ama la bondad en su trato con la gente, ama la veracidad en sus palabras,  en el gobierno ama el justo orden,
actúa conforme a como debe actuar, actúa en concordancia con el tiempo.
Porque no se impone, ningún reproche le cabe."
Translation from Logia Medio Dia, 2015, Tao Te Ching, Capítulo 8



"El mejor de los hombres es semejante al agua,
La cual beneficia a todas las cosas, sin ser contenida por ninguna,
Fluye por lugares que otros desdeñan,
Donde se acerca más deprisa al Tao.
Así, el sabio:
Donde mora, se acerca más deprisa a la tierra,
En el gobierno, se acerca más deprisa al orden,
Hablando, se acerca más deprisa a la verdad,
Haciendo tratos, se acerca más deprisa a los hombres,
Actuando, se acerca más deprisa a la oportunidad,
En el trabajo, se acerca más deprisa a lo competente,
En sentimientos, se acerca más deprisa al corazón;
No lucha, y así permanece libre de culpa."
-  Translated by Antonio Rivas Gonzálvez, 1998,
Capítulo 8



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Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California





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Tao Te Ching
Commentary, Interpretations, Research Tools, Resources
Chapter 8


Daodejing by Laozi: Chapters with Chinese characters, seal script, detailed word by word concordance, Pinyin (tone#), German, French and English.  This is an outstanding resource for serious students of the Tao Te Ching

Yellow Bridge Dao De Jing Comparison Table   Provides side by side comparisons of translations of the Tao Te Ching by James Legge, D. T. Suzuki, and Dwight Goddard.  Chinese characters for each paragraph in the Chapter are on the left; place your cursor over the Chinese characters to see the Pinyin Romanization of the Chinese character and a list of meanings. 

Center Tao.  Includes a brief commentary on each Chapter.  A keyword glossary for each chapter is provided. 

Tao Te Ching Commentaries - Google Search 

Tao Te Ching in Chinese characters, Pinyin Romanization, English and German by Dr. Hilmar Alquiros. 

Translators' Index, Tao Te Ching Translators Sorted Alphabetically by Translator, Links to Books and Online Versions

Taoism and the Tao Te Ching: Bibliography, Resources, Links

Spanish Language Translations of the Tao Te Ching, Daodejing en Español

Concordance to the Daodejing

The Tao of Zen.  By Ray Grigg.  Tuttle, 2012, 256 pages.  Argues for the view that Zen is best characterized a version of philosophical Taoism (i.e., Laozi and Zhuangzi) and not Mahayana Buddhism. 

Tao Te Ching: The Definitive Edition  By Jonathan Star.  Translation, commentary and research tools.  New York, Jeremy P. Tarcher, Penguin, 2001.  Concordance, tables, appendices, 349 pages.  A new rendition of the Tao Te Ching is provided, then a verbatim translation with extensive notes.  Detailed tables for each verse provide line number, all the Chinese characters, Wade-Giles Romanization, and a list of meanings for each character.  An excellent print reference tool! 

Two Visions of the Way: A Study of the Wang Pi and the Ho-Shang Kung Commentaries on the Lao-Tzu.  By Professor by Alan Kam-Leung Chan.   SUNY Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture.  State University of New York Press, 1991.  Index, bibliography, glossary, notes, 314 pages.  ISBN: 0791404560.     

Chinese Reading of the Daodejing  Wang Bi's Commentary on the Laozi with Critical Text and Translation.  By Professor Rudolf G. Wagner.  A SUNY Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture.  English and Mandarin Chinese Edition.  State University of New York Press; Bilingual edition (October 2003).  540 pages.  ISBN: 978-0791451823.  Wang Bi (Wang Pi, Fusi), 226-249 CE, Commentary on the Tao Te Ching.

Chapter 8 in the Rambling Taoist Commentaries by Trey Smith.  The Rambling Taoists are Trey Smith and Scott Bradley. 

The Philosophy of the Daodejing  By Hans-Georg Moeller.  Columbia University Press, 2006, 176 pages.  

Valley Spirit, Gu Shen, Concept, Chapter 6 

Tao Te Ching English Translations from Terebess Asia Online.  Over 30 translations. 

Lao-tzu's Taoteching
 Translated by Red Pine (Bill Porter).  Includes many brief selected commentaries for each Chapter draw from commentaries in the past 2,000 years.  Provides a verbatim translation and shows the text in Chinese characters.  San Francisco, Mercury House, 1996, Second Edition, 184 pages.  An invaluable resource for commentaries.   

Reading Lao Tzu: A Companion to the Tao Te Ching with a New Translation  By Ha Poong Kim.  Xlibris, 2003, 198 pages. 

Chapter 8, Line by Line Comparisons of 27 Translations of the Tao Te Ching Compiled by the St. Xenophon Wayist Seminary 

Dao De Jing: A Philosophical Translation  By Roger T. Ames and David T. Hall.  Ballantine, 2003, 256 pages. 

Thematic Index to the 81 Chapters of the Tao Te Ching

Lao Tzu: Te-Tao Ching - A New Translation Based on the Recently Discovered Ma-wang-tui Texts (Classics of Ancient China) Translated with and introduction and detailed exposition and commentary by Professor Robert G. Henricks.  New York, Ballantine Books, 1992.  Includes Chinese characters for each chapter.  Bibliography, detailed notes, 282 pages. 

Lieh-Tzu: A Taoist Guide to Practical Living.  Translated by Eva Wong.  Lieh-Tzu was writing around 450 BCE.  Boston, Shambhala, 2001.  Introduction, 246 pages. 

Revealing the Tao Te Ching: In-depth Commentaries on an Ancient Classic.  By Hu Huezhi.  Edited by Jesse Lee Parker.  Seven Star Communications, 2006.  240 pages. 

Cloud Hands Blog   Mike Garofalo writes about Taoism, Gardening, Taijiquan, Walking, Mysticism, Qigong, and the Eight Ways.

Tao Te Ching: A New Translation and Commentary.  By Ellen Chen.  Paragon House, 1998.  Detailed glossary, index, bibliography, notes, 274 pages. 

The Tao and Method: A Reasoned Approach to the Tao Te Ching.  By Michael Lafargue.  New York, SUNY Press, 1994.  640 pages.  Detailed index, bibliography, notes, and tables.  An essential research tool. 

The Whole Heart of Tao: The Complete Teachings From the Oral Tradition of Lao Tzu.
By John Bright-Fey.  Crane Hill Publishers, 2006.  376 pages.












Laozi, Dao De Jing


Gushen Grove Notebooks for the Tao Te Ching

Research and Indexing by
Michael P. Garofalo

Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California
Green Way Research, 2010-2015. 
Indexed and Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo


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This webpage was last modified or updated on June 22, 2015.
This webpage was first distributed online on November 9, 2010. 


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Index to English Language Translators of the Tao Te Ching

Thematic Index 1-81  

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Tao Te Ching
 Chapter Number Index

Standard Traditional Chapter Arrangement of the Daodejing
Chapter Order in Wang Bi's Daodejing Commentary in 246 CE
Chart by Mike Garofalo

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80