Translators Index

Index to Tao Te Ching (Dao De Jing) Translations
Online and In Print English Language Versions  
Sorted by Translator 

A research tool of Mike Garofalo
© Green Way Research, 2010-2015, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California
 



Comments on Translations and Interpretations     Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu     Cloud Hands Blog

 

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M  

N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

       

 

A

Abbott, Carl, 2012.     Book     Online 1    VSCL


Addiss, Stephen and Stanley Lombardo, 1993.   Book   Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     s


Allchin, Douglas, 2002.  Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     


Alquiros, Hilmar.   Online 1    Text in Chinese, English, and German. 


Ames, Roger T., 2003.  Book     VSCL      


Anonymous 231     Online 1     Online 2 


Anonymous (Dutch-English)    Online 1


Atamanchuk, Stanley.     Book     Online  


Tao Te Ching Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index


Codes Used in this Document: 
PD = Public Domain
GGNC = Gushen Grove Notebook Collection; The webpage document of a translation was saved to my home computer reference files.
VSCL = Valley Spirit Center Library, Book Collection


Concordance to the Tao Te Ching

 

 

Creative Commons License
This webpage work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California, © 2015 CCA 4.0


 

B

Bahm, Archie J.   Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     s  


Balfour, Frederic Henry (1871-1908), 1884.   Online1     Online 2     Online 3 GGN     PD     s            


Beck, Sanderson, 1996.   Online1     Online 2     Online 3     s


Bibliography for the Tao Te Ching


Blakney, Raymond B., 1955.   Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     Online 5     s


Borel, Henri and Dwight Goddard, 1919.    Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    PD     s  


Bright-Fey, John, 2006.   Book     VSCL 


Bryce, Derek, 1999.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     s 


Bullen, David.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     s


Burgess, Wes     Book


Bynner, Witter, 1944.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     PD     s    


Byrn, Tormod, 1997.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    Online 4    s  


Concordance to the Daodejing 


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index


Cloud Hands Blog

 

 

C

Carl.     Online 1


Carus, Paul and
D. T. Suzuki, 1913.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3  


Chan, Wing-Tsit, 1963.     Online 1     Online 2     s    


Chang, Chung-Yuan.     Online 1     Online 2     s    


Chapters of the Tao Te Ching - A Thematic Index


Chen, Chao-Hsiu.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     s 


Chen, Ellen Marie, 2000.    Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     s 


Cheng.      Online 1     Online 2


Cheng, Hong David, 2000     Online 1


Chilcott, Tim, 2005.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     s  


Chinese Characters for Chapters of the Tao Te Ching    
Chinese Text Project     Yellow Bridge     Resources


Chohan, Chou-Wing.     Online 1     Online 2  


Ch'u Ta-Kao, 1904     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     s     PD  


Cleary, Thomas, 1991.   Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     s  


Clatfelter, Jim, 2000.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     s      


Concordance to the Daodejing   


Correa, Nina, 2005.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4 


Cronk, George, 1999.    Online 1     Online 2     Online 3   


Crowley, Aleister, 1918.    Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     Online 5     s     PD        


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

Tao Te Ching
 Chapter Number Index


Standard Traditional Chapter Arrangement of the Daodejing
Chapter Order in Wang Bi's Daodejing Commentary in 246 CE
Chart by Mike Garofalo
Subject Index
 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81                  

 

 


D

Den Hond, Bram.     Online 1     Online 2     s    


Dicus, John, 2002.     Online 1     Online 2 


Dieterich, Wulf.     Online 1   


Donohue, Brian, 2005.     Online 1     Online 2 


Duyvendak, Jan Julius Lodewijk, 1954.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     s     PD 


Concordance to the Tao Te Ching


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

E

Elyxr     Online 1


English, Jane and Gia Fu Feng, 1989.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Book      


Enlish Langauge Translations of the Tao Te Ching at Terebess Asia Online


English Language Translations of Chapters of the Tao Te Ching from Green Way Research


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 


 

F

Feng, Gia-fu and Jane English, 1989.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Book   


Fex, Aalar, 2006.     Online 1 


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index


Cloud Hands Blog

 

 

Creative Commons License
This webpage work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California, © 2015 CCA 4.0

 

 

 

G

Ganson, C.     Online 1     Online 2     GGN s    


Garofalo, Michael P., 2010-.   Online 1


Garon, Jesse.     Online 1     Online 2     (See Hogan, Ron) 


Gautier, Andre von     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGN s


Gia-fu Feng and Jane English, 1972.     Book    Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGN s    


Gibbs, Tam, 1981     Online 1     Online 2     GGN s   


Giles, Lionel and Herbert.   Book


GNL Interpolation, 1991     Online 1     GGN s 


Goddard, Dwight and Henri Borel, 1919.     Online 1     Online 2      Online 3    Online 4    PD     GGN s


Goddard, Dwight and Bhikshu Wai-Tao, 1939.  Online 1     GGN s   


Gong, Tienzen (Jeh-Tween)     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGN s 


Gorn Old, Walter (Sepharial, 1864-1929), 1904     Online 1     Online 2    
Online 3 GGN     PD     GGN s     


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

H

Hall, David L., 2003.    Book    

 
Hansen, Chad.     Online 1    Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     GGNC


Hatcher, Bradford, 2005.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC   


Heider, John, 1985.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC   


Hendricks, Robert G., 1989.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     VSCL   


Heshang Gong (180-157 BCE), Chinese Characters.     Online 1     GGNC


Heysinger, Isaac Winter (1842-1917), 1903.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     GGN s   PD


Hinton, David.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGN s   


Ho, Lok Sang, 2002.   Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGN s    


Hogan, Ron, 2000.  Online 1: Includes an audio version.     Online 2    Online 3    Online 3        


Hond, Bram den.     Online 1     Online 2    


Hong Kong University   Online 1  In English and Chinese


Hua Ching Ni, 1995.   Book    VSCL    


Huang, Chichung.     Online 1     Online 2


Huang, Tao.     Online 1      Online 2    


Hu Huezhi, 2006.     Book


Hwang, Shifu.     Online 1     Online 2 


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index


Codes Used in this Document: 
PD = Public Domain
GGNC = Gushen Grove Notebook Collection; The webpage document of a translation was saved to my home computer reference files.
VSCL = Valley Spirit Center Library, Book Collection


Cloud Hands Blog

 

 

 

I

Ivanhoe, Philip.     Book


Tao Te Ching Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

J

Jiyu, Ren, 1985.     Online 1     Online 2 


Julien,
Stanislas, 1842, French Translation     Online 1     Online 2


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

K

Kim, Ha Poong.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC    


Kimura, Yasuhiko Genku.     Online 1      Online 2  


Kinnes, Tormod Byrn, 2003.     Online 1   


Kisa, Sonja Elen.   Online 1    


Klaus, Hilmar.     Online 1 


Kline, A. S., 2003.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC    


Kohn, Livia, 1998.     Book     VSCL  


Kromal, Karl, 2002.     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC    


Kunesh, Tom.     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC        


Kwok, Man Ho and Martin Palmer, and Jay Ramsey, 1993.     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC   


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

Creative Commons License
This webpage work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California, © 2015 CCA 4.0

 

 

L

LaFargue, Michael, 1994.    Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     VSCL     GGNC      


Larose, Ray, 2000.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    GGNC        


Lau, D. C., 1963.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     VSCL     GGNC           


Leary, Timothy, 1965.     Online 1     Online 2    


Legge, James (1815-1897), Professor of Chinese at Oxford University.  His translation of the Tao Te Ching was made in 1891.    
                    Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     Online 5    
Online 6 GGN    Online 7     VSCL     GGNC  


Le Guin, Ursula K., 1997     Book     Online 1     VSCL       


Li, David H.     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC  


Lin, Cheng     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC  


Lin, Derek, 2006.    Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    Online 4     VSCL     GGNC      


Lin, Paul J., 1977.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC    


Lindauer, David.    Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     GGNC           


Lombardo, Stanley and Stephen Addiss, 1993.   Book   Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    VSCL     GGNC           


Ludd, Ned.     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC        


Lynn, Richard John     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC    


Cloud Hands Blog


Tao Te Ching Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

M

Mabry, John R., 1994.     Book     Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     GGNC      


McCarroll, Tolbert, 1982.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC               


McDonald, John H., 1996.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     Online 5     GGNC        


MacHovec, Frank J., 1962.     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC        


McIntyre, Stephen, 2009.    Online 1   


Mair, Victor H., 1990.     Book     Online 1    Online 2     Online 3     GGNC     VSCL        


Martin, William, 1999.   Online 1     Online 2     GGNC  


Maurer, Herrymon, 1985.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4    GGNC    
 

Mears, Isabella, 1916.    Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC


Medhurst, C. Spurgeon (1860-1927), 1905.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3      GGNC


Merel, Peter A., 1995.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     Online 5     Online 6     GGNC     


Mitchell, Stephen, 1988.   
Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4   Online 5     GGNC     VSCL           


Moran, Patrick E..     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC           


Muller, Charles
, 1891.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC     VSCL       


Muller, Charles, 2011.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index



Codes Used in this Document: 
PD = Public Domain
GGNC = Gushen Grove Notebook Collection; The webpage document of a translation was saved to my home computer reference files.
VSCL = Valley Spirit Center Library, Book Collection

 

 

 

 

N

Ni, Hua Ching.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC     VSCL      


Nikolenko, Mikhail   Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    Online 4    GGNC    


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

O

Org, Lee Sun Chen.     Online 1     Online 2 


Ould, Herman, 1946.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3      GGNC


Tao Te Ching Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

P

Martin Palmer and Kwok, Man Ho and Jay Ramsey, 1993.     Online 1     Online 2 


Porter, Bill (Red Pine), 1996.    Book     Online 1     Online 2    VSCL       


Cloud Hands Blog


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

Q

Qixuan, Liu.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    GGNC         


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

Tao Te Ching
 Chapter Number Index


Standard Traditional Chapter Arrangement of the Daodejing
Chapter Order in Wang Bi's Daodejing Commentary in 246 CE
Chart by Mike Garofalo
Subject Index
 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81                  

 

 

 

R

Ramsey, Jay and Kwok, Man Ho and Martin Palmer, 1993.     Online 1     Online 2 


Red Pine (Bill Porter), 1996.    Book     Online 1     Online 2    VSCL        


Rivenrock.  The Tao of Rivenrock.    Online 1     GGNC 


Roberts, Moss, 2001.     Book    Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC    


Rosenbaum, Robert Meikyo, 2013.     Book     VSCL   


Rosenthal, Stan, 1984.    Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     Online 4    GGNC


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

Creative Commons License
This webpage work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California, © 2015 CCA 4.0

 

 

 

 

S

Saint Xenophon Wayist Seminary.     Online 1     


Sarbatoare, Octavian, 2002.     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC  


Schmidt, K. O., 1975     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC


Scott, Michael.     Online 1     Audio edition narrated by Michael Scott.   


Seddon, Keith H.     Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     GGNC  


Shaw, Edwin, 1996.     Online 1    GGNC    


Sheets, Alan and Barbara Tovey, 2002.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC  


Shimomissé, Eiichi, 1998     Online 1     GGNC  


Shrine of Wisdom.     Online 1    Online 2     GGNC      


Siji Tzu, Jade Purity, 2000.     Online 1     Interpretaion 


Solska, Agnieszka, 2005.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC


Sorrell, Amy M. and Rodric Sorrell, 2003.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    GGNC  


Star, Jonathan, 2001.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC     VSCL   


Stenudd, Stefan, 2011.   Book     Online 1


Suzuki, D. T. and Paul Carus, 1913.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     GGNC     VSCL      


Cloud Hands Blog


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

T

TaKao, Ch'u, 1904.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC        


Tan, Han Hiong.     Online 1     Online 2    
GGNC     


Tang, Tien Cong     Online 1    
GGNC


Tang, Zi-Chang    
GGNC


Tao Te Ching - Sixty Interactive Translations Index


Tao Te Ching: A Key to Translators


Taplow, Alan B., 1982.     Online 1     Online 2    
GGNC   


Das Tao Te King von Lao Tse 


Terebess Asia Online Index to Enlish Langauge Translations of the Tao Te Ching


Thematic Index to Chapters of the Tao Te Ching


Tovey, Barbara, and Alan Sheets, 2002.     Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     GGNC   


Tran, Tien Cong.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    
GGNC  


Trottier, John Louis Albert, 1994.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    
GGNC      


Tuffley, David     Online 1    
GGNC


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

U

 

Ubekannten     GGNC


Tao Te Ching    Universal Dialectic Institute  


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

V

Tao Te Ching Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index


Cloud Hands Blog

 

 

W

Waley, Arthur, 1934.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4     GGNC


Walker, Brian Browne, 1996.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     GGNC  


Wang, Wayne L., 2004.     Online 1     Online 2   


Wayist St. Xenophon Seminary.    Online 1     


Wei, Henry. 1982.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3   
GGNC  


Welch, Jerry C., Khiron, 1998.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    
GGNC     


Wieger, Leon, 1913.     Online 1     Online 2 


Wilhelm,
Richard, 1911, German Translation.  Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    Richard Wilhelm's translation, Das Buch des Alten vom Sinn und Leben.


Wing, R. L., 1986.     Online 1     Online 2    
GGNC  


Wing-Tsit, Chan, 1963.     Online 1     Online 2    


World Peace, John, 1997.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    
GGNC       


Wrigley, Ted.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     Online 4    
GGNC       


Wu, John C. H., 1961.     Book     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    
GGNC     VSCL     


Wu, Yi.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    
GGNC   


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

X

Tao Te Ching Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

 

 

Y

Yang, Xiaolin.     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3     GGNC  


Yutang, Lin, 1948.     Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     Book: The Wisdom of Laotse     GGNC     VSCL 


Cloud Hands Blog


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 

   

 

Z

Zhang, Thomas Z.     Online 1     Online 2    Online 3     GGNC   


Zhengkun, Gu     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    GGNC   


Zi Chang, Tang     Online 1     Online 2     Online 3    GGNC

 

 

Creative Commons License
This webpage work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California, © 2015 CCA 4.0

 

 


Tao Te Ching
Chapters:     Chapters 1-20     Chapters 21-40     Chapters 41-60     Chapters 61-81     Index

 


Codes Used in this Document: 

PD = Public Domain  

GGNC = Gushen Grove Notebook Collection; The webpage document of a translation was saved to my home computer reference files.

VSCL = Valley Spirit Center Library, Book Collection

 

 

 

Comments on Translations and Interpretations and Interpolations



"No translation of the Tao Te Ching is sufficient to understand the text, as the Chinese is subtle and frequently brilliant, carrying a different range of connotations than English, and the Tao Te Ching plays repeatedly on the double and extended meanings of words, which can only be appreciated in the Chinese, unless you have read a wide array of English translations (and perhaps a commentary or two), which will start to convey to you the range of each word's meaning in its given context. Then you can build on what you understand on your own."
Richard Carter

 

"The first assignment for Daisetz "Great Simplicity" T. Suzuki in 1898 was to help Paul Carus with the Tao Te Ching.  Dr. Carus knew no Chinese, but he wanted this translation to a scholarly one and he had Suzuki supply a character by character gloss, as best he could, but Suzuki found himself unable to check Carus's use of Teutonic abstractions.  "The Chinese are masters in reproducing the most subtle changes in their innermost feelings," Suzuki wrote of his first collaboration with Carus, "thus, in order to translate passages from Lao Tzu, I had to explain to Dr. Carus the feeling behind each Chinese term.  But being himself a German writing in English, he translated these Chinese ideas into abstract conceptual terms.  If only I had been more intellectually equipped then," he thought later, "I might have been better able to help him understand the original meaning."
In order to supply a corresponding Chinese text, Suzuki cut out the Chinese characters from Chinese and Japanese books, and pasted them in the proper places on the manuscript pages, which where then reproduced photographically [and then printed in 1913]."
-  "How the Swans Came to the Lake," by Rick Fields, 1981, p. 139

 

"Translation," as T. S. Eliot wrote of the Fennollosa-Pound version of Noh plays, "is valuable by a double power of fertilizing a literature: by importing new elements which may be assimilated, and by restoring the essentials which have been forgotten in traditional literary method.  There occurs, in the process, a happy fusion between the spirit of the original and the mind of the translator: the result is not exoticism by rejuvenation."
-  "How the Swans Came to the Lake," by Rick Fields, 1981, p. 165

 

Is That a Fish in Your Ear?: Translation and the Meaning of Everything  By David Bellos.  New York, Faber and Faber, 2011.  Index, notes, 393 pages.  ISBN: 9780865478763. VSCL. 

 

 

"The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence by Carl Sagan (1977), recounts a story, probably fictional, about the lack of accuracy in text translation programs.  A deputation that included an American Senator was proudly led to a demonstration of a translation program. The Senator suggested a phrase to be translated, "Out of sight, out of mind". The machine printed Chinese characters and these were then entered into the machine to be translated back to English. The visitors were all astonished when the machine printed the phrase "invisible idiot" on the paper. The computer had literally translated the separate expressions "out of sight" and "out of mind". The anecdote and the phrase "invisible idiot" have entered popular culture."  -  Wikipedia, Dragons of Eden

 

 

"World literature students need to keep in mind that different translations, particularly of the classical texts, can impact interpretation. In general, there seem to be four major concerns for translation. 

  1. Accuracy (Whether the translation accurately portray the original meaning of the text)
  2. Coherence (Whether the translation as a piece itself is able to get its point across)
  3. Style (Whether the translation captures the style, e.g. meter and rhyme, of the original piece)
  4. Contextualization (Whether the translator makes the context of the text clear)
By definition, academically rigorous translations focus on characteristics one and two, to the extent that it sometimes diminishes the quality of the second two. Non-academic translations usually focus on the second two traits. While this is not intrinsically a bad thing, it is essential to remember that some amateur "translators" may not know Classical Chinese and may not be maintaining fidelity to the original text.

With this in mind, I usually select academic translations, ones that favor interpreting the Daodejing as a political text first and foremost. Historians who intend to invoke the classical text should really take this context into mind before citing passages. Translations focusing on Daoist cosmology and alchemical theory tend to overanalyze in way that can be detrimental for classical historians, even if it is incredibly useful for understanding Daoism as understood during the Han Dynasty (e.g. for understanding the work of Ge Hong)."
Jonathan Reiter
 

 


 

Translating Phrases Used in Taijiquan

What Does "Xu Ling Ding Jin" Mean?

"One of the most vexing phrases in this body of texts appears in Wang Zongyue's "The Taijiquan Treatise."  This is the phrase that I've translated "An intangible and lively energy lifts the crown of the head."  The actual phrase in Chinese is xu ling ding jing Xu means "empty," "void," "abstract," "shapeless," or "insubstantial."  Ling can mean "neck," "collar," "to lead," "to guide," or "to receive."  Ding here means "the crown of the head."  Jin is a word that should be familiar to most Taijiquan practitioners, meaning "energy" or "strength."  To translate this phrase literally in a way that makes sense is seemingly impossible. ...  To demonstrate the difficulties presented in translating the phrase, I've assembled for comparison a number of different renderings:

Yang Jwing-Ming translates xu ling ding jin as:
"An insubstantial energy leads the head upward."

T.T. Liang renders it:
"A light and nimble energy should be preserved on the top of the head."

Benjamin Pang Jeng Lo translates the phrase:
"Effortlessly the jin reaches the headtop."

Douglas Wile translates the phrase variously:
"The energy at the top of the head should be light and sensitive."
and
"Open the energy at the crown of the head."

Guttmann gives one rendering as,
"... the head is upheld with the intangible spirit."
Elsewhere, he gives it a fairly plausible if incomprehensible literal rendering as a noun phrase:
"Empty dexterity's top energy."

Huang Wen-Shan translates it as:
"The head-top should be emptied, alert, and straight."

Robert Smith's version has it:
"The spirit of vitality reaches to the top of the head."

Jou Tsung Hwa's rendering is similiar:
"The spirit, or shen, reaches the top of the head."

Finally, in one of the freer renderings I've seen, T. Y. Pang renders the phrase:
"The spine and the head are held straight by strength, which is guided by the mind."

As the reader can see, the range of nuance in these diverse translations of this one phrase is considerable.  Virtually all of the readings are interpretive; that is, the four-character phrase as it has been handed down will not yield a dependable reading based on the characters alone.  One can only conclude that this phrase is a remnant of an oral formula whose original structure eludes our knowledge.  Our understanding of it inevitably depends upon the context─ the following phrase about sinking the qi to the dantian─ and upon commentaries of former masters, including Yang Chengfu's elaboration in the first of his "Ten Essentials."  The concept is also linked to differently worded but related phrases appearing in other classics, for example, "the spirit (shen) threads to the crown of the head" (shen guan ding) in the "Song of the Thirteen Postures," and the phrase about "suspending the crown of the head" (ding tou xuan) appearing in both "The Mental Elucidation of the Thirteen Postures" and the "Song of the Thirteen Postures." "

Mastering Yang Style Taijiquan  By Fu Zhongwen.  Translated by Louis Swaim.  Blue Snake Books, 2006, p. 182-183

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Laozi, Dao De Jing

 

 

Gushen Grove Notebooks for the Tao Te Ching

Research and Indexing by
Michael P. Garofalo

Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California
Green Way Research, 2010-2015. 
Indexed and Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo

 

This webpage was last modified or updated on August 2, 2015.   

This webpage was first distributed online on March 3, 2010. 



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Created by Michael P. Garofalo, Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove Notebooks, Red Bluff, California, © 2015 CCA 4.0

 

 



 

Michael P. Garofalo's E-mail

Brief Biography of Michael P. Garofalo, M.S.

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Study Tai Chi or Chi Kung with Mike Garofalo

 

 

Ripening Peaches: Daoist Studies and Practices

Taoism: Resources and Guides

Taoism: A Bibliography, Links, Resources, Notes, Quotes


Cloud Hands Blog


Valley Spirit Qigong

Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Cloud Hands

Ways of Walking

The Spirit of Gardening

Months: Cycles of the Seasons

Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu, Zhuang Zhou, Master Chuang)  369—286 BCE

Chan (Zen) and Taoist Poetry

Yang Style Taijiquan

Chen Style Taijiquan

Meditation

Bodymind Theory and Practices, Somaesthetics

The Five Senses

How to Live a Good Life: Advice from Wise Persons

Grandmaster Chang San Feng

Virtues

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One Old Daoist Druid's Final Journey: Notebooks of the Librarian of Gushen Grove

Cloud Hands: T'ai Chi Ch'uan

Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu

Index to Cloud Hands and Valley Spirit Websites

 

Gushen Grove Notebooks for the Tao Te Ching 

Introduction

Bibliography  

Index to Translators of the Tao Te Ching

Thematic Index 1-81  

Chapter Index 1-81    

Concordance to the Daodejing

 

Cloud Hands Blog

 

 

 

            

Mike Garofalo

 


      
      
Lao-Tzu (Laozi), Circa 500 BCE

Old Master, Old Sage, Long-eared Wise Man, Wise Child
The Grand Supreme Elder Lord  (Taishang Laojun 太上老君)
The Universally Honored One of Tao and Virtues
(Daode Tianzun 道德天尊)
          


                                 
 

 

 

 

Cloud Hands Blog

 

 

 

Tao Te Ching
 Chapter Number Index


Standard Traditional Chapter Arrangement of the Daodejing
Chapter Order in Wang Bi's Daodejing Commentary in 246 CE
Chart by Mike Garofalo
Subject Index
 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81