Ba Gua Zhang  八卦   

Pa Kua Chang, Baguazhang, Ba Gua Quan 
Eight Trigrams Boxing - Internal Martial Art (Neijia Quan)
Walking the Circle Mind-Body Theory and Discipline

Sun Lu Tang's Style     Yin Fu's Style    Wang Shujin's Style     Online Videos     Bagua Workshops

Links      Bibliography      Quotations      Bagua Qigong      Trigrams of I Ching      Conclusion     Post Circling

Walking Meditation     Walking Quotations     The Ways of Walking     Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden

Cloud Hands Blog     Qigong     Taijiquan     Swordsmanship    Taoism    Tao Te Ching     Home

 

Research by
Michael P. Garofalo

 

 

 

Baguazhang & Trigrams

 

 

 

Links and Bibliography
Baguazhang, BaGua, Pa Kua Chang, Eight Trigrams Boxing

 

A Note to Readers:  The Cloud Hands website has been online continuously since 2001.  In 2007, over 1,041,000 webpages (excluding graphics) were served to readers around the world from the Cloud Hands website.  Since 2005, I have also provided an associated blog to point to changes and additions at the Cloud Hands website:  The Cloud Hands: Mind/Body Movement Arts Blog.  Since Cloud Hands is a very well-established and stable website, it provides readers with a good and secure starting point for their online research into Taijiquan and Qigong.  The Cloud Hands website is funded entirely by Green Way Research, with volunteer efforts by Michael P. Garofalo
    Unfortunately, as everyone knows, many other websites and webpages appear and then disappear from the Internet scene.  Authors do not pay to keep up their web hosting services, loose a "free hosting" option, change filenames, or decide to remove webpages for various reasons.  Consequently, links to some good webpages become invalid and the files are no longer found on the Internet.  You may find a some of these "dead links" to nonexistent webpages cited below; and, there is no way to avoid this troublesome situation.  For this reason, when you do find a good and useful webpage, be sure to save the webpage to a folder on your hard drive or server. 
    I welcome and encourage your suggestions for how to improve this webpage.  Your comments, ideas, contributions, and constructive criticism are encouraged.  Send your suggestions to my email box.

 

 

American Society of Internal Arts   


Animal Symbolism, Bagua, and Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden 


Association for Traditional Studies    Yin Style BaGua Zhang.  

 

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Bagua     Dutch website.   


Bagua Animals and


Bagua Animals Symbolism and Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden 


Bagua Books - Amazon.com


Bagua Broadsword.  Instructional videotape by Jiang Jian-ye.  70 minutes.  Detailed instructions, repetitions, and demonstrations.   Jiang's Tai Chi Videos


Ba Gua Circle Walking Nei Gong: The Meridian Opening Palms of Ba Gua Zhang.  By Tom Bisio.  Denver, Colorado, Outskirts Press, 2012.  Bibliography, 249 pages.  ISBN: 978-1432796891.  VSCL. 


Bagua Daoyin: A Unique Branch of Daoist Learning - A Secret Skill of the Palace.  By He Jinghan and David Alexander (Translator).  Singing Dragon, 2008.  148 pages.  ISBN: 1848190093.  VSTLC. 


Bagua Diagram   With Feng Shui Values   By Stanley Bartlett.  


Bagua Diagram   European Yin Style Bagua Zhang  


Bagua Diagram.  Comments and associations by Mike Garofalo.


Ba Gua Chang by Paul Cavel


Bagua Chart   By Mike Garofalo.  100Kb+.


Ba Gua: Hidden Knowledge in the Taoist Internal Martial Art
By John Bracy and Liu Xing-Han.  Consulting editors: Li Zhong-Quan and Liu Men-Gen, Beijing, China.  Berkeley, California, North Atlantic Books, 1998.  Index, bibliography, notes, 139 pages.  ISBN: 1556432763.  VSCL.   


Bagua Images - Google Index   


Bagua Linked Palms.  By Wang Shujin (1904-1981).  Translated by Kent Howard and Hsiao-Yen Chen.  Blue Snake Books, 2009.  250 pages.  ISBN: 1583942645.


BaGua Lian-Xi Fa.   By Jiang Rong Qiao.  Translated by Joseph Crandall.  97 pages.  Introduction to BaGua Eight Changing Palms.  "Shihfu Mancuso, professor Kang GeWu and many others teach this series as a foundational form.  Beautifully illustrated by famous martial "artst" Zhou Yuan-Long."


Bagua Library   58Kb.  Undated, no author.  Some use for bibliographers.    


Ba Gua Links    The most extensive collection of links and largest bibliography about Ba Gua Zhang on the Internet.   126Kb.  By Mike Garofalo.  


Ba Gu Links   Many useful links.  40Kb.  


Baguaquan and Its Relationship with the Bagua.  By He Jinghan.  Translated by David Alexander. 


Bagua Quan Association (UK)  Includes numerous translations of articles by He Jinghan. 


Ba Gua Series Translations by Joseph Crandall, 13 Books.    


Baguazhang  Comparison of styles.  


BaGauZhang  Numerous short articles, interviews, and information.   


Baguazhang


Baguazhang   33Kb.   ChiFlow.  Gerald A Sharp.  Glendale, California.  


Baguazhang   Shi Gung Black   14Kb   


Baguazhang Artilces from Netopia   Annotated index to scores of articles on BaGua.  


Bagua Zhang: The Art of Change, #1.  By Ted Mancuso.  Instructional DVD.  Plum Publications, #19001.  Minutes.  "This DVD offers a course for learning the basics of Ba Gua, T'ai Chi's more advanced sister. It contains clear, detailed instruction. It has specific discussions of theory; not just a "walk through" without background. Ba Gua is fast becoming as popular as T'ai Chi due to its modular method of practice. Tape #1 gives an over view with a huge amount of information including Chi Kung and Usage. Some topics covered: BaGua Theory: the components of BaGua, Circle Walking: BaGua's foundation, Chi Kung: Breath BaGua style,  Basic Hand Changes: and spiral energy, Self-Defense Applications: with BaGua flavorBaGua Post Work: rarely seen, Complete 8 Changes: the "Set", BaGua Patner Work: Duet practice." 


Ba Gua Zhang Books from Plum Publications


Ba Gua Zhang - Eight Diagram Palms   35Kb.  


Baguazhang: Eight-Diagram Palms Shadow Boxing.   By Cardinal.  22Kb.  


Baguazhang: Emei Baguazhang Theory and Applications. 
By Liang, Shou-Yu, and Wu, Wen-Ching, and Yang, Jwing-Ming.  YMAA Publication Center, 1994.  364 pages.  ISBN: 0940871300.  VSCL.   Instructional videotapes are also available.  Chinese Internal Martial Arts.  Excellent introduction to the subject.  Includes many translations of seminal Baguazhang texts and sayings.  Index, glossary, appendices, lists of movements.  Another excellent YMAA publication.  This text includes many detailed charts of Baguazhang lineages.    One reader is of the opinion that the "8 palms Master Liang presents comprises the basic Baguazhang set that seems to have been taught at the Central Kuoshu Institute at Nanking. The lineage is Fu Chen-Sung's, and the form is also known by the name of 'Old Eight Palms.' ... The "Swimming Dragon" form presented seems to have come from Sun Lu Tang's lineage."  VSTLC. 

 



Baguazhang (Emei Baguaxhang) #1, Basic Training, Qigong, and Eight Palms.  Instructional VHS videotape.  YMAA Publications, 1999.  Performed and directed by Liang, Shou-Yu and Yang, Jwing-Ming.  ASIN: 1886969280.  VSTLC. 


Baguazhang (Emei Baguazhang) #2.  Swimming Body Bagua and its Applications.  Instructional VHS videotape, 47 minutes.  YMAA Publications, 1999. Performed and directed by Liang, Shou-Yu and Yang, Jwing-Ming.  ASIN: 1886969299.   VSTLC.   


BaGuaZhang Internal Martial Arts
    Ed Ramirez.  


BaGuaZhang - Introductory Essay   


Baguazhang Lianxi Fa.   By Jiang Rong-Qiao.   Translated by Joseph Crandall.   97 pages, 300 line drawings.   Translation of the 1963 classic on the Old Eight Palms.  


Baguazhang Mail List


Baguazhang Mail Lists at Yahoo


Ba Gua Zhang (Pa KuaChang):  Bibliography, links, resources, quotes, and notes.  Circle walking internal martial arts.  By Michael P. Garofalo.  195Kb+.  


Baguazhang (PaKuaChang)   Atlanta Marital Arts Directory


Bagua Zhang Resources   Articles, history, information, an extesive list of links, books, videos, products, news.  Circle Palms by Fred Kaye.   


Baguazhang - Shen Wu   By Tim Cartmell.  Excellent introduction, links, instructions.


Baguazhang: The Hidden Meanings    By Erle Montaigue.   11Kb.  


Baguazhang Training Notes of Mike Garofalo


Bagua Zhang Volume 1: San Yuan Zhang.  Instructional DVD (Region 2 Format), 90 minutes.  Instruction by Jean-Jacques Galinier.   Directed by Chirtophe Diez. 


Bagua Zhang Wikipedia
 

Bagua Zhang - WuYuan Munchen   In German.  


BaGaZhang Xue Yuan   Italian. 
School of Yin Fun lineage from Gong Bao Tian, Wang Zhuang Fei and his son Wang Han Zhi.


Beginning BaGua Qigong Practices


Beginner's Guide to Bagua Zhang


Beijing Baguazhang
   Information, history, biographies, photographs, video clips, news, links, products.  


Black Taoist.   The Brothers of Wu-Dang


Books about Ba Gua Zhang from Plum Publications


Canadian Jiulong Baguazhang Association   


Cartmell, Tim -  Shen Wu Martial Arts    


Cartmell, Tim - Shen Wu Discussion Board Topics  


Central Oregon Internal Arts Association: T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Baguazhang, Xingyiquan and Qigong.  Board Members:  Chris Matthews, Charla Quinn Ranch, and Steven Foster-Wexler.  The work in the areas of Bend, Redmond, Sisters, LaPine, and Prineville.


Cheng Family BaGua Palms.   By Ma You-Qing and Liu Jing-Ru.  Translated by Joseph Crandall.  88 pages.  


Cheng Tinghua (1848-1900) Style of BaGuaZhang   


Chico Kodenkan.  254 E. First St., Chico, California, 530-343-6551. 


Chi Flow Nei Jia Kung Fu


Chi Kung International   


China Books: Xingyi and Bagua   


China From Inside: Traditional Culture of China Without Secrets by Szymanski, Jared.


Chinese Boxing: Masters and Methods.   By Robert W. Smith.  North Atlantic Books, 1990.  Second Edition.  ISBN: 155643085X.


Chinese Internal Martial Arts.   Dr. John Baker.   


The Circle Walk Practice of Ba Gua Zhang: Origins of the Circle Walk Practice in Ba Gua Zhang.  By Dan Miller.  From Pa Kua Chang Journal.


Classical Bagu Texts Translated by Joseph Crandall.


Classical Cheng Style - Eight Basic Palms - Ba Gua Zhang.  By Tina Chunna Zhang and Frank Allen.  "This instructional DVD is for learning and reviewing a study of the fundamental set of Classical Cheng Style Ba Gua Zhang - "The Eight Basic Palms", as taught by Cheng Style Ba Gua Zhang Grandmaster Liu Jing Ru, of Beijing, China. The Eight Basic Palms are demonstrated and taught along with their primary martial applications and a brief history of the art of Ba Gua is presented.  This DVD is a companion to the book "The Whirling Circles of Ba Gua Zhang" by Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang. "  The production quality of this video is poor:  the camera is too far from the subjects, the area behind the teacher and student is lit up by a bright window, and the sound quality is poor.  VSTLC. 



 



Classical Pa Kua Chang.   By Jerry Alan Johnson and Joseph Crandall.  1990.  


Cloud Hands Website: Taijiquan and Qigong


Cloud Hands: Taijiquan and Qigong - Index  


Cole, Jessie
.   Teaches Bagua Zhang in Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington.  Phone:  360-772-8418. 
 


Combat Baguazhang Nine Dragon System: Forms and Principles, Volume 1.  By John Painter.  Unique Publications, 2007.  252 pages.  ISBN: 0865682550. 


Combat Baguazhang Nine Dragon System: Warrior Training and Applications, Volume 2.  By John Painter.  Unique Publications, 2007.  196 pages.  ISBN: 0865682690.


Combat Techniques of Taiji, Xingyi, and Bagua: Principles and Practices of Internal Martial Arts
By Lu Shengli.  Translated and Edited by Zhang Yun and Susan Darley.  Berkeley, California, Blue Snake Books, 2006.  369 pages.  ISBN:9583941452.  General history and principles of 3 internal arts, basic movements, basic gongfu training techniques, and a detailed description with photographs of the Sixteen-Posture form (pp. 231-356).  VSCL.    


Combined Form Pa Kua (Ching Kung and Palm Changes).  Instructional videotape presented by Sifu Frank Allen.   


Cook Ding's Kitchen: Ba Gau Zhang: Eight Diagram Palms Boxing


Crandall, Joseph, Translator, Ba Gua Series - 13 Books  


Crandall, Joseph  Translator   


Daoist/Zen/Shamanistic Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden


Dao (Saber, Broadsword): Bibliography, Links, Resources, Notes


A Detailed Study of Ba Gua Zhang's Single Palm Change.  By Dan Miller.  From Pa Kua Chang Journal.


The Deterioriation of the Complete Martial Arts System.   Dan Miller.  30Kb.  


Dong Hai Ch'uan (1798-1879)  Lived in Zhujiawu, south of Wenan County in Hebei Province was the founder of Ba Gua.  Also called: Tung Hai Chuan.  


Dong Hai Chuan, Ba-Gua Zhang and the I-Ching: My HypothesisBy B.C. Hill Bey


Dragon Journals   Personal experiences of Sandy "the Mystery Woman" during her Baguazhang training.  


Dragon List Kung Fu Community - Ba Gua Zhang


Dragon Stretches Its Claws
.  An Illustrated Training Manual of BaGua Zhang.  By Liu JingRu and C. S. Tang.  Plum Publications.  133 pages.  


Eight Energies Circle Walking.  "In this popular DVD, we (Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang) present three popular and widely practiced versions of "Steady Posture Eight Palms" circle walking with Yi Jing (I Ching) correlations and fighting applications.  It is good for all related internal martial arts, Yoga, Qi Gong, and meditation teachers and practitioners to learn and practice this arts that based on ancient Daoist Circle Walking.  Walking in a circle and maintaining the internal principles give the practitioners practical health improvement and powerful self-defense techniques through the twisting, coiling and spiraling of the body, the circle walking palms sets are one of the trademark foundations that create the art of Ba Gua Zhang.   This practice contains the seed elements of Ba Gua martial techniques  as well as the method of understanding the Yi Jing in motion.  Along with walking in a circle while holding the body in eight different positions also can be a receptacle for the deepest level of Taoist meditation." The production quality of this instructional DVD is mediocre: many background noises distract the narrator's soft voice, the set needs more lighting.  VSCL.  Refer also to their book: The Whirling Circles of Ba Gua Zhang: The Art and Legends of the Eight Trigram Palm.  By Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang.  Berkeley, California, Blue Snake Books, 2007.  238 pages.  Illustrated with black and white photos.  ISBN: 1583941894. VSCL. 

 


 

Eight Healing Sounds of Yin Style Ba Gua.  By Xie Peiqi.  Translated by Andrew Nugent-Head.  San Francisco, Association for Traditional Studies, Traditional Studies Press, 1995.  173 pages.  ISBN: 1888179503.  Available from Plum Flower Publications.


Eight Healing Sounds of Yin Style Bagua.  An instructional video/DVD by Dr. Xie Peiqui.  Plum Flower Press.  Part of the 13 volume DVD series on The Energy-Bodywork Basic Hand Techniques of Yin Style Bagua.  


Eight Palm Products: What is BaGuaZhang    25Kb  By Frank Granovski.  


Eight Section Brocade Qigong   


Eight Storing Qi and Developing Sensitivity Exercises of Yin Style Bagua.  An instructional video/DVD by Dr. Xie Peiqui.  Plum Flower Press.  Part of the 13 volume DVD series on The Energy-Bodywork Basic Hand Techniques of Yin Style Bagua.  


The Eight Storing Qi and Developing Sensitivity Exercises of Yin Style Bagua - 09/23/03 (221 Kb)  Chapter 1.  Translated by Andrew Nugent-Head.  2003


Eight Trigram Palm Information     By Frank Granovski.  Articles  Informative and detailed articles.  


Eight Trigrams and the I Ching   By Michael Garofalo.  100Kb+.  Various charts with trigrams (B Gua) associations.  


11 Sword Forms Demonstration and Workshop.  Presented by Jiang Jian-ye.  Instructional VHS videotape, 120 minutes.  Tai Chi, bagua, and xingyi sword forms.  Jiang's Tai Chi Videos.  


Emei Shan (Mountain)    Sichuan Province, China.  "Traditional Emei Wushu is both Buddhist and Daoist in nature as well as a mixture of internal and external martial arts.  At the same time, the Emei school has extracted the essence of Shaolin, Wudang and other schools of Northern China."  Dr. John Painter.  


Emei Swimming Body Baguazhang Bagua Palm.  Instructional DVD, 45 minutes, 2007.  Instruction by Master Helen Liang.  Directed by Helen Liang. 
 

Erle Montaigue's Bagua Videos    


Energies of Pa Kua Chang's 8 Palm Changes


Energy Arts.   Bruce Kumar Frantzis Energy Arts.   


The Essence of Internal Martial Arts: Esoteric Fighting Techniques and Healing Methods.  By Jerry Alan Johnson.  Pacific Grove, California, Ching Lien Healing Arts Center, 1994.  Appendix, glossary, 316 pages. ISBN: 1885246005.  A detailed and informative
book, with a strong Ba Gua emphasis.  VSCL.   


The Essentials of Ba Gua Zhang.  By Gao Ji Wu and Tom Bisio.  New York, Trip Tych Enterprises, 2007.  570 photographs by Valerie Ghent.  358 pages.   ISBN: 9780979158803.  VSCL.   


"The Eternal Spring of Bagua's Basic Steps."  By Gerald A. Sharmp .  Art and translation by Yang Ying.  Found in the magazine: Qi: The Journal of Tranditional Eastern Health and Fitness, Volume 16, No. 1, Spring, 2006, pp. 18-27.  


Famous Bagua (PaKua) Texts Translated by Joseph Crandall


European Yin Style Bagua Zhang Association   


Frantzis, Bruce Kumar - Energy Arts   


The Fundamentals of Pa Kua Chang
.   The Method of Lu Shui-T'ien as Taught by Park Bok Nam.  By Park Bok Nam and Dan Miller.   Burbank, California, Unique Publications, 1999.   Volume 1.  206 pages, 500 photos.  ISBN: 0865681724.   Volume 2, 212 pages, 700 photographs.  ISBN: Info Companion videos to these two books and Spanish language versions of the books.  Lu Shui-T'ien (1894-1978).   Books and videotapes available from Plum Flower Press, Wayfarer Publications,  Amazon and others.  VSTLC. 


Gao Style Bagua


Gao Style Bagua - North Oakland Tang Shou Tao   


Garofalo, Michael, M.S.     Red Bluff, California, Valley Spirit Taijiquan  Yang Style Taijiquan (Standard 24, Traditional 108, Standard 32 Sword).  I was fortunate to begin my formal studies in Bagua Zhang in October 2008 by joining with a group of students studying under the direction of Shifu Kent Howard in Chico, California. 


Gompa Online   Dr. John Painter.  


Great Stillness.  By B.K. Frantzis.  Detailed comments on Bagua stepping. 


The Guen System: One Effort Living.  Michael J. Guen, Ph.D. (Psyschology), L.AC.  Wasah Institute, Vertical-Force, Santa Rosa, California.  Address:  Wasah Integrative Medicine, 1049 Fourth Street, Suite G., Santa Rosa, CA 95404.  Phone: 707-815-4014.  Mr. Guen teaches Dong Haichuan - Yin Fu - Gong Baotian - Gong Baozai style ba gua quan as well as Yang Shouzhong style tai ji quan.  [
An Interview with Dr. Michael Guen, Ba Gua Quan Master, conducted by Robert Chu, L.Ac., QME, PhD.]   The website includes a training schedule, articles, and information on Dr. Guen.  Take a look at: Baguaquan Pao Chui Video, 2:24 min.  

 
Hsing-Chen Internal Martial Arts      


Howard, Kent.  Chico, California.  Shifu Howard is a writer, educator, and martial arts instructor.  Websites:  Non-Violent Self-Defense, and Wang Shujin's Bagua Zhang.  He teaches Wang Shujin's Bagua Zhang and Taijiquan.  Teaches at the Chico Kodenkan.  Shifu Howard is the translator of the book "Bagua Connected Palms" by Wang Shujin.  Shifu Howard has produced numerous useful UTube videos on Wang Shujin Style of Bagua Zhang, and these are listed below


Hsu, Adam Sifu    Kung Fu, Palo Alto, California  


I Ching and the Eight Trigrams   


"Imagery for Taiji Stance and Stepping."  By Martin Mellish.  Found in the magazine: Qi: The Journal of Tranditional Eastern Health and Fitness, Volume 16, No. 1, Spring, 2006, pp. 44-49.    


Imperial Palace Ba Gaua Quan


Internal Arts Center (IAC).   Nine Dragon Jiulong Baguazhang.  Articles, links, videos, and news from Sihing John Adams.  Los Angeles.  


Introduction to Ba Gua Zhang by Tim Cartmell.     Excellent overview.  25Kb.  


Jared's Martial Arts Pages: China From Inside: Traditional Culture of China Without Secrets.


Jiang Hao-Quan Chinese Martial Arts Institute  Discussion of the research on Bagua Zhang by the well known martial arts researcher and historian, Professor K'ang Ko-Wu in Beijing. 


Jiang Rong-Qiao's Baguazhang.   Translated by Andrea Falk.  148 pages.  300 line drawings, 200 photographs.  


Jiulong Baguazhang


Jiulong Baguazhang - California   John Adams   


Jiulong Baguazhang Mail List


Johnson, Jerry Alan   Ph.D., D.T.C.M., D.M.Q.   Pacific Grove, California.   Website  


Key Arts Media.  By Paul Zabwodski.   Numerous articles and photos. 


Knecht, Ted W.   USA Yongnian Taiji Center, located in Cleveland, Ohio. 


Kodenkan Dojo in Chico, California
Mike Garofalo was fortunate to begin his formal studies in Bagua Zhang in October 2008 by joining with a group of students studying under the direction of Shifu Kent Howard in Chico, California.   


Labyrinths: Bibliography, Links, Resources, Quotes, Notes   


Learning Bagua Zhang: The Martial Art of Change.  By Ted Mancuso.  Santa Cruz, California, Plum Publications, 2012.  225 pages.  ISBN: 978-0979015984.  VSCL. 


Lian Zen Pu Eight Diagram Palm.   By Li Zi Ming.  Compiled and translated by Vincent Black.  154 pages.  


Liang, Qiang-Ya.   Fu Style Internal Martial Arts in Oakland.  Bagua, weapons, taiji.  


Liang Zhen Pu Eight Diagram Palm.   By Li Zi Ming.  High View Publications, 1993.  ISBN:  1883175003.   


Li Family Jiulong Baguazhang   


Lion Books of Taiwan - BaGua.   Books in Chinese.  


Liu Bin's Zhuang Gong Bagua Zhang, Volume One: South District Beijing's Strongly Rooted Style. By Zhang, Jie. Contributions by Richard Shapiro.  Blue Snake Books, 2008.  Glossary, xxix, 232 pages.  ISBN: 1583942181. Professor Zhang, is very knowledgeable about the philosophy, history, and art of Bagua Zhang, and has a deep appreciation for many aspects of traditional Chinese culture.  This book provides a very good introduction to this style of Bagua in the line of Cheng Ting Hua, Liu Bin, and Liu Xing Han.  After providing an informative introduction to the history and philosophy (I Ching, Yin/Yang, Morality, etc.) of Bagua, Dr, Zhang gives clear instructions on circle walking, single palm changes, and twenty four movements of the eight animals.  Emphasis is placed on a slow, rooted, and deliberate pace with enhanced awareness.  The instructions are very clear and detailed, and keyed to accompanying black and white photographs.  An unique part of this book are the sixteen Zhan Zhuang (standing meditation) exercises, and the considerable emphasis and explanations on inner work, chi gong, and mind training.  Most of the emphasis in this book is on providing clear instructions on how to practice essential Bagua so as to stay fit, improve the mind, harmonize with nature, build strength and balance, and enhance one's understanding of Chinese philosophy.  Dr. Zhang lived and worked his whole life in China, and published many books in Chinese.  He currently teaches Chinese culture, calligraphy, chi gong, martial arts, and Tui Na massage in Seattle, Washington.  A good book for older persons seeking a sound introduction to Bagua.  VSCL.     

  

 

Long Hsing Baguazhang.  By Sifu Frank Allen.   Book, instructional videotape or DVD.  Book by Tina Zhang.  


Luo Bagua     Chinese language website.


The Master's Manual of Pa Kua Chang.  By Jerry Alan Johnson.  Ching Lung Martial Arts Association, 1984.  


Nei Jia Quan: Internal Martial Arts Teachers of Tai Ji Quan, Xing Yi Quan and Ba Gua Zhang.  Edited by Jess O'Brien.  Berkeley, California, North Atlantic Books, 2004.  326 pages.  ISBN: 1556435061.   Description.  Extended interviews with Tim Cartmell, Gabriel Chin, Gail Derin-Kellog, Bruce K. Frantzis, Paul Gale, Fong Ha, William Lewis, Luo De Xiu, Allen Pittman, James Wing Woo, Tony Yang, Zhao Da Yuan, and Albert Liu.  VSTLC. 


Nine Dragon Arts.   Ontario, Canada.  


Nine Dragon Baguazhang    Presented by Dr. John Painter.  Includes "history of Baguazhang, Emei mountain, famous Baguazhang masters, articles from magazines, a catalog of Baguazhang videos and books, as well as links to certified instructors. Our Jiulong News has informative articles updated monthly and much more."   


Nine Dragon Baguazhang for Street Combat.  Instructional videotapes presented by Capt. John Painter, Ph.D.  Volumes 1-6.  


North American Yin Style Bagua Association   Lineage:  Dong Haichuan (1804-1880), Yin Fu (1841-1909),  Men Baozhen (1873-1958), Xie Peiqi (1920-2003), and He Jinbao (1955-).


Northern California - Ba Gua Zhang Instructor's Directory.  If you teach Ba Gua Zhang please send information to Mike Garofalo.   I also include teachers from Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia - the Greater Northwest, North America. 


North Oakland (California) Tang Shou Tao - Three Treasures Internal Arts


MatriX: Wuyiquan Intutitive Learning Combat Methods


Opening the Energy Gates of Your Body (The Tao of Energy Enhancement.  By Bruce Kumar Frantzis.  Illustrated by Husky Grafx.  North Atlantic Books, 1993.  Second Edition.  174 pages.  ISBN: 1556431643.  VSTLC. 


Oregon Yin Style Bagua Association.  Sifu: Kevin Nakaji.  Lion System of Yin Style Bagua.  Lineage: Yin Fu, as taught by He Jinbao.  The Bamboo Grove, 134 SE 2nd and Taylor, Portland, Oregon.  Email: kevin_nakaji@yahoo.com


"The Origins of Pa Kua Chang Part 1" in Pa Kua Chang Journal issue Volume 3, Number 1, Nov/Dec 1992; "The Origins of Pa Kua Chang Part 2" in issue Volume 3, Number 2, Jan/Feb 1993; "The Origins of Pa Kua Chang Part 3" in issue Volume 3, Number 4, May/June 1993.


Pa Kua   A message from grandmaster Frank DeMaria.  25Kb.  American Center for Chinese Studies.  


Pa Kua: An Ancient Knowledge for Modern Times  By Master Eli Chaikin.  


PaKua (BaGua): Pa Kua Chang and BaGuaZhang  History, mind, spirit, overview.  Hsing-I Martial Arts Institute.  


Pa Kua Books - Amazon.com


Pa Kua Chang (Ba Gua Zhang):  Bibliography, links, resources, quotes, and notes. Circle walking internal martial arts.  By Michael P. Garofalo.  126Kb+.  


Pa Kua Chang: A Beginner's Guide.   By Peter Stafford.  


Pa Kua Chang: Fighting Systems and Weapons.   By Jerry Alan Johnson.  International Institute of Qigong.  188 pages.


Pa Kua Chang Journal.  High View Publications.  Publisher/Editor: Dan Miller.  All 38 issues from November 1990 to February 1997 on CD in PDF format.  Distributed by Wayfarer Publications, Plum Flower Press, Plum Publications.  "Finally available in CD-ROM format, the Pa Kua Chang Journal is a high-quality, advertisement-free scholarly journal, with history, lineages, training methods, and interviews with famous Pa Kua teachers in China and the U.S."  CD ROM runs the PDF files on Windows or Mac OS.  Includes index.  Over 1,000 pages of information.   VSTLC. 


The Pa Kua Chang of Lu Shui-Tian   Master Park Bok Nam.   Information, training and seminar schedules, links, videos, books.  


Pa Kua Chang of the Wu Tang Physical Culture Association.  Eleven Pa Kua Chang videotapes featuring Sifu Frank Allen.  


Pa Kua Chang Overview   23Kb.  Gerald A. Sharp.  


Pa Kua Chang's 8 Palm Changes 


Pa-Kua: Chinese Boxing for Fitness & Self-Defense
By Robert K. Smith.  Berkeley, California, North Atlantic Books, 2003.  Originally published in 1967, Tokyo.  160 pages.  ISBN: 1556434391.  Sun Lu Tang's Circle Walking form on pp. 113-160.  VSCL.  


Pa Kua Chang (Ba Gua Zhang) - Eight Palm Boxing   17Kb. Includes MPEG video.  


Pa-Kua Chang for Self Defence. By Lee Ying-arng and Te-hwa.


Pa Kua Chang Training Notes of Mike Garofalo


Pa Kua Chuan   China Hand KuFu Academy


Pa-Kua: Eight Trigram Boxing.  Chinese Martial Arts Library.  By Robert W. Smith and Allen Pittman.  Charles E. Tuttle Company, 1990.  ISBN: 0804816182.  VSCLC. 


Pa Kua: The Gentleman's Boxing.   By Francisco J. Vargas.  Vision Press, 1983.  284 pages.  ISBN: 1929549016.     


Palm Change   Gao style BaGua.    


Palms of Infinity.   Ba-Gua Zhang Research and Boxing Association.    


Park Bok Nam   Noted BaGau Master.    


Allen Pittman     


Pa Kua Chang  Website of Sifu Park Bok Nam.   


Pa Kua Chang.  Instructional videotape by Cheng, Jian-Je.  1994.  Sun style BGZ.


Pa Kua Chang Directory (PKC Directory)    


Plum Flower Press.   Internal Chinese Martial Arts   Numerous BaGua instructional videotapes and books.  Plum Flower Press, P. O. Box 843, College Park, MD 20741.  Phone: 301-422-2474.  FAX: 301-560-4502.  Orders: 800-531-0693.  E-mail: mail@plumflower.com.  Website:  www.plumflower.com.   


Plum Publications   Santa Cruz, California.  Offers VCDs from Sun Jian Yun.   


Plum Publications Books about Ba Gua Zhang

 

 

 


Post Training:  Nine Palace Training


Advanced Circle Walking.  By Dan Miller.


Baguazhang Post Training.  Developing Ba Gua Zhang's Striking Palm Techniques by way of Post Training Methods.  By Xiao Dong Yang and Robert A. Figler.

 

 

 


The Power of Internal Martial Arts: Combat Secrets of Ba Gua, Tai Chi, and Hsing-I.  By Bruce Kumar Frantzis.  North Atlantic Books, 1998.  300 pages.  ISBN: 1556432534.  Considerable attention is given to BaGua.   VSTLC.     


Qigong (Chi Kung)   Bibliography, quotes, links, notes.   


Qigong and Walking   Bibliography, quotes, links, notes.   


Qigong for Women.  By Tina Chunna Zhang.  Cheng Style Ba Gua Zhang.   Instructional DVDs from Tina Zhang and Frank Allen


Recovering the Lost Meaning of the Yijing Ba Gua.  By Stephen L. Field.  


Redding, Chico or Northern California.  I am seeking a Ba Gua Zhang instructor!!!  Write to Mike Garofalo. 


Sacred Circle Garden Walking Ritual  120Kb


Saber (Broadsword) and Taijiquan   Bibliography, links, resources, quotes, notes.


Shambhala Warriorship: Tibean Buddhism


Shen Wu Baguazhang   By Time Cartmell.  Excellent introduction, links, instructions.


Sheh Wu Martial Arts   Tim Cartmell   


Shou-Yu Liang Wushu Taiji Qigong Institute - Bagua


Six Harmonies Press     


Smiling Tiger Martial Arts


Structure of Yin Style Bagua   6Kb.  


Studying Pa Kau Chang    By Michael Babin


Styles of Ba Gua Zhang   Discussion List.


Styles of Pa Kua     

 

 

 

Sun Lu Tang's Style of Baguazhang

 

Bagua: Dragon Bagua Animal Forms.    Taught by Grandmaster Wing Lam.  Dragon Ba Gua is the style taught by Sun Jian Yun.  This DVD/video will reveal to you the eight animal forms of Dragon Ba Gua: Lion, Unicorn, Snake, Hawk, Dragon, Bear, Phoenix, and Monkey.  In DVD or VHS videotape formats.  


Bagua: Dragon Straight Sword.  Taught by Grandmaster Wing Lam.  The 8 sword techniques contain all the essences of the straight sword techniques.  Each of the techniques can be combined with another, at different sequences, to create an infinite number of combinations of sword movements. The training requires the mind, the Chi, the body movements, and the sword to combine an integral unit.  In DVD or VHS videotape formats.  


Bagua: Introduction to Dragon Bagua
.   Taught by Grandmaster Wing Lam.  Dragon Ba Gua is the style taught by Sun Jian Yun. This DVD/video will introduce you to the basic principles of Ba Gua, along with its basic stances, theory and techniques.  In DVD or VHS videotape formats.  


Bagua - Sun Style.  Sun Lutan Bagua demonstrated by Andrey Fomichev, 2007.  UTube, 3:01 min, color.  Swimming Dragon bagua form. 


Baguazhang (Emei Baguazhang): Theory and Applications
By Master, Liang, Shou-Yu Liang, Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming, and Mr. Wu, Wen-Ching.  Boston, MA, YMAA Publications, Second Edition, 1994.  363 pages.   ISBN: 0940871300.  Includes translations from Sun Lu Tang's "The Study of Bagua Fist" (pp. 112-132).   

Cartmell, Tim  Shen Wu


Glossary of Sun Style Taijiquan Terms and Movement Names in English and Chinese     


The Pa Kua Chang of Sun Lu Tang.  By Dan Miller.  From Pa Kua Chang Journal


Staff, Stick, Pole, Gun: Guides, Bibliography, Resources.  For Baguazhang staff. 


Sun Lu-Tang (1861-1933)    Baguazhang, Hsingyi, and Taijiquan master, writer, and teacher.  


Sun Lu Tang Bagua.  Swimming Dragon.  UTube, 3:12 min, color. 


Sun Lu Tang: Books, DVDs, VCDs, Pamphlets.  Plum Publications, CA. 


Sun Lu Tang's Internal Martial Arts: Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, Taijiquan, and Qigong.  Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Resources, Instructions.   


Sun Lu Tang's Swimming Dragon Baguazhang.  Demo by Sifu Joshua Brown.  UTTube, 3:09 min. 


Sun Style Bagua Sword, Traditional, Level 1.  Presented by Jiang Jian-ye.  Instructional VHS videotape, 120 minutes.  Step by step instructions, multiple views, demonstrations.  Jiang's Tai Chi Videos.    


Sun Style Baguazhang.  BaGua Quan Xue and Bagua Jian Xue.  By Sun Lutang.  Translated by Joseph Crandall.  Classical Baguazhang Series, Volume XIII.  Pinole, California, Smiling Tiger Martial Arts, 2002.  108 pages.  ISBN: 192904738X.  VSTLC. 


Sun Style Baguazhang.  Instructional DVDs presented by Johanna Zorya and Julie Hinder.


Sun Style Baguazhang - Google Search 


Sun Style Bagua with Tim Cartmell


Sun Style Taijiquan:  Lists, instructions, links, bibliography, quotes, notes.  Grandmaster Sun Lu-Tang was an accomplished BaGuaZhang master.  Includes some information about the Sun style of Baguazhang and Hsingyi.  350Kb+.  Research by Michael P. Garofalo.  


Sun Style of T'ai Chi Ch'uan: Standard Competition 73 Movements Form.  Research by Michael P. Garofalo, M.S..  Webpage: 450Kb, June 2008.  This webpage includes an introduction, information on the history of the Sun Taijiquan forms, a detailed bibliography, extensive links, references to video resources, a large collections of quotations about Sun Taijiquan, recommendations on the best media resources on the topic, and suggestions for learning the 73 competition Sun Taijiquan form.  A detailed comparative list of the names of each of the 73 movements is provided, with source references, and the movement names are given in English, Chinese, Chinese characters, French, German, and Spanish.  This webpage includes detailed descriptions of each of the 73 movements with black and white illustrations for each movement sequence along with commentary and comparisons.  Many additional nomenclature lists and section study charts in the PDF format, photographs and graphics are also provided - over 1.3 MB of information.  This webpage is the most detailed and complete document on the subject of the Sun Taijiquan Competition 73 Form available on the Internet.  This document was published by  Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Red Bluff, California, 2008.   URL: http://www.egreenway.com/taichichuan/sun73.htm.


Sun Taijiquan Sword 


Zorya, Joanna   Sun Style Baguazhang: The 10 Sun Style Palm Changes as described in Sun Lu Tang's book.  The Martial Foundations of Baguazhang.  Two instructional DVD's, 55 minutes each disk.  Instruction in English. 

 

Return to the Main Index

 

 

 

 

Swordsmanship and Taijiquan   


Szymanski, Jared.  China From Inside


Tai Chi Depot.  


Tang, C.S.   C.S. Tan's Martial Arts World.  Gao Style Bagua


Teachers of Pa Kua Chang - Neijia Teacher's Directory


Ten Important Points and Eight Methods.   By Liu Jingru.  


Terminology, TAGS, Search Terms:  Ba (Pa) - Eight.  Gua (Kua) = Diagrams or Tri-grams.  Chang (Zhang, Ch'uan or Ch'uan) = Palm or Fist or Boxing.  BaGua, Ba Gua Quan, Baguaquan, Bagua, BaGua, Ba Gwa, Ba-gua, BaGwa, Ba Kua, Cheng Bagua, Eight Diagrams Palm, Pa Kua Chang, PakKua, PaKua Chang, Pa Kau Ch'uan, Pat Kwa Chuan, Wudang Baguazhang, Wudang BaGua, Yin BaGua  


Three Treasures Internal Arts    Bagua, Xingyi.  Oakland and Berkeley.  


Tiger Claw School of Self-Defense    Winnipeg, Canada


Traditional Bagua Sword.  Presented by Jiang Jian-ye.  Instructional VHS videotape, 121 minutes.  Step by step instructions, multiple views,demonstrations.  Jiang's Tai Chi Videos.  A 37 posture form created by Grandmaster Liu Jingru.  


Traditional Bagua Zhang, Basic Form and Applications for Beginners and Seniors.  By Jiang Jian-ye.  "This introductory form comes from the system of Bagua founder Dong Hai-Chuan."  Detailed teaching of each form with numerous repetitions, and with applications at different speeds.  Hand movements, stepping, and circle walking are all taught.  Part 1 and Part 2 on VHS videotape or DVD format.  New York, Capital District Tai Chi and Kung Fu Association of New York, 1997.  Part 1, 97 Minutes, Color.  Part 2, 97 Minutes, Color.  Jiang's Tai Chi Videos.  VSTLC. 


Traditional Dong Haichuan's Old Bagua Zhang.  Form and Applications, Level 1.  Parts 1 and 2 in either VHS videotape or DVD format.  All hand forms, stepping techniques and circle walking are taught.  Multiple repetitions from different angles.  The traditional old form of Dong Hai-Chuan is taught.  Jiang's Tai Chi Videos.


Traditional Dong Haichuan's New Bagua Zhang
.  Form and Applications, Level 2.  Parts 1 and Part 2 in either VHS videotape or DVD format.  All hand forms, stepping, and circle walking are taught.  Multiple repetitons from different angles.  These forms were developed by students of Dong Hai-Chuan.  Jiang's Tai Chi Videos.


The Triangle Jiulong Baguazhang Study Group   North Carolina.  


Training Notes of Mike Garofalo for Baguazhang


Trigrams of the I Ching


Tung Hai-Ch'uan (Cheng Ying-Fan)  1813?-   Southern City PaKua.   


24 Essentials of Ba Gau Zhang.   By C. S. Tang.


Understanding Yin Style Bagua.  By Andrew Nugent-Head.  47Kb.  Excellent article.  By the Director, Association for Traditional Studies.  


Valley Spirit Center, Red Bluff, California.  Mike Garofalo, Taijiquan Instructor.

 

Mike Garofalo, Baguazhang, Red Bluff, California

Mike Garofalo and a Bagua Circle Training Area
Valley Spirit Center, Red Bluff, California



VSCL = Valley Spirit Center Library, Red Bluff, California


Valley Spirit Taijiquan   Red Bluff, California.  Chief Instructor:  Mike Garofalo, M.S.


Walking and Taijiquan  Links, bibliography, and quotations.  


Walking - Baguazhang (Pa Kua Chang)
   Links, bibliography, resources, quotes, and notes.  Circle walking internal  martial arts.  


Walking - Gardens   


Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden


Walking - Labyrinths: Bibliography, Links, Resources, Quotes, Notes


Walking: Links, Bibliography, Resources, Quotes, Notes   


Walking Meditation: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Resources, Notes


Walking Meditation: Pakua-The Martial Art of the I Ching.  By Paul Crompton.   Shaftesbury, England, Element Books, 1996.  Glossary, resources, index, 163 pages.  ISBN: 1852308974.  VSCL.    


Walking Principles and BaGuaZhang


Walking - Quotations, Quips, Wisdom   


Walking the Circle to Find the Path.   Healing Tao, Mantak Chia. 


Walking the I Ching: The Linear Ba Gua of Gao Yi Sheng.  By Allen Pittman.  Berkeley, California, Blue Snake Books, 2008.  224 pages.  ISBN: 1583942149.  Good information on relating the concepts of the Ba Gua and I Ching to Chinese internal martial arts.  VSCL.   

 

 

 

 

Wang Shujin's (1904-1981) Bagua Zhang

 

                      


 

Wang Shujin (1904-1981)  Also know as Wang Heng Sun, Wang Chun-Ch'en. 

1904   Wang Shujin Born in Tianjin, China.
1923   Began studies Xing Yi Quan and Bagau Quan with Master Zhang Zhao Dong (1859-1940).
           Wang Shujin always said that Zhang Zhao Dong was his best and most influential teacher.
1924   He converted to Yi Quan Dao (Constant Path), a Buddhist/Daoist sect holding to the Perennial View of the unity of religions and the universal Dao. 
           Yi Quan Dao practices included mediation, vegetarianism, qigong, martial arts, and other Buddhist/Daoist practices. 
           There are no reports of Wang Shujin having ever been married or having children. 
1934   Studied Zhan Zhuang (Universal Post Standing), Great Achievement Boxing, and Yi Quan with Wang Xian Zhai.
           All of his martial arts students were required to practice Zhan Zhuang daily. 
1938   Studied Sz Lianquan (4 connected fists),Yin Yang Bagua with Xiao Hai Bo.
1948   Moved to Taiwan.  Lived in Tai Zhong, about 80 miles from Taipei.
           Founded the Chengming Martial Arts School in Tai Zhong. 
           Was one of the top three leaders/priests of Yi Quan Dao who lectured/preached/organized widely in Taiwan and Japan. 
1950   Studied Taijiquan with Chen Pan Ling.  Learned the 99 step synthesized form, a Chen style of Taijiquan.  Collaborated with Chen Pan Ling. 
1952   Spent many years teaching internal martial arts in Japan from 1952-1978. 
           He used his highly trained and unusual 5'8" and 260 lb body perform many stunning martial arts demonstrations and feats. 
           He could absorb blows from the strongest of men without troubles, and repel and defeat all contenders.  
           He defeated such noted opponents as Don Draeger, John Bluming,
           His large, muscular, and qi filled belly was used to perform numerous amazing feats of strength. 
           His teaching emphasized post standing, basic forms repetition, sparring with "Three Strikes/Techniques", relaxed naturalness,
           building Qi power.  His Eight Secrets were: Three Ding (highest, outermost point), Three Kou (to clamp, compress), Three Yuan (to round, wrap),
           Three Min (alert, sensitive, quick), Three Bao (embrace, hold), Three Chuei (hang down, drop), Three Qu (to bend, curve), Three Ting (to straighten, pull up).
1959   Taught internal martial arts for 8 years at the dojo of  Toyama Izumi, head of the Jodo Association of Japan.
1964   Taught with his student Zhang Yi Zhong (1921-) in Japan.  Wang Shujin taught over 1,200 students in Japan. 
1978   Published his book "Linked Palms."
1980   Published his book "Swimming Body Palms."
1981   Wang Shujin passed away in Taiwan at the age of 77. 
1982   His top students continued his teachings:  Zhang Yi Zhong, Wang Fu Lai, Huang Jin Sheng, Kohno Yoshikatsu.   

In 1978, Wang Shujin said, "There is a saying: 'Establish virtue and honor as our guiding principle; and our will and purpose will be bound as metal to stone.' Thus I took the name of Shu-Jin (establish-metal “establish virtue like metal”) which has often been an inspiration to strengthen my resolve.  I have practiced my art for these many years, avoiding social entanglements, following a strict vegetarian regime, meditating daily, practicing Buddhism, and, after my daily labors, practicing martial arts as my sole entertainment." 
- Wang Shujin, "Linked Palms," Trans. Kent Howard
 

Biographical Sources:
Allen/Zhang 2007, "Whirling Circles of Ba Gua Zhang," pp. 37-40
Wang Shujin's Bagua Blog
Wang Shu Jin Biography 
Wang Shu Jin Biographical Information 
Wang Shu Jin Biographical Information in Spanish


Bagua Linked Palms.  By Wang Shujin (1904-1981).  Translated by Kent Howard and Hsiao-Yen Chen.  Blue Snake Books, 2009.  First Edition in Chinese, 1978.  250 pages.  ISBN: 1583942645.


Wang Shujin (1904-1981)  A famous Bagua Zhang teacher in both China and Japan.  Wang Shujin's teacher was Zhang Zhao Dong (1859-1940), and Zhang"s teacher was
Dong Hai Ch'uan (1798-1879). 


Wang Shujin and Chen Pan-Ling.  By Marnix Wells.  Chen Pan-Ling taught Wang Shujin a 24 movement cane form.  According to Kent Howard, Wang Shujin always carried a cane or walking stick with him, and he could use it effectively in martial applications. 


Wang Shujin Documentary Extracts   4:38  Demonstration of Taiji and Hsing I


Wang Shujin's Bagua Blog   By Kent Howard. 


Zhang Yi Zhong  (1921-)  Student of Wang ShuJin. 


Zhang Zhao-Dong 1859 - 1940  Also known as Chang Chao Tung, Chang Chan-K'ueiBiography 1  

 

Shifu Kent Howard's [baguaman8] Videos Online UTube:

Baguaman 8 UTube Channel for Kent Howard

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #1 "Walking the Circle."   3:41 minutes. 

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #2 "Walking a Figure Eight."   3:19 minutes. 

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #3 "Rise, Drill, Fall, Overturn."   7:32 minutes. 

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #4 "Evade, Encirle, and Entrap."   4:12 minutes. 

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #6 "Balancing the Stone."   8:33 minutes. 

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #7 "Whole Body Power."   7:35 minutes. 

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #8a "Stepping and Trapping."   8:16 minutes. 

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #9a "Single Palm Change"  8:35 minutes.

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #9b "Single Palm Change Drills"  4:53 minutes.

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #10 "Double Palm Change"  6:26 minutes.

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: #11 "Hawk Swoops Upward"  4:41 minutes.

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: "Swimming Body Form, 1 of 2"  4:23 minutes.   Demonstrated by Huang Jin-Sheng of Taiwan.

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: "Swimming Body Form, 2 of 2"  7:22 minutes.   Demonstrated by Huang Jin-Sheng of Taiwan.

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: "Linking Form, 1 of 2"  4:34 minutes.   Demonstrated by Huang Jin-Sheng of Taiwan.

Wang Shujin Bagua Zhang: "Linking Form, 2 of 2"  6;29 minutes.   Demonstrated by Huang Jin-Sheng of Taiwan.

 

 


 


Wayfarer Publications.   A fine source for Tai Chi Chuan books and videotapes.  


Way of the Short Staff.  By Michael P. Garofalo, M.S.  A comprehensive guide to the practice of the short staff, cane, jo, walking stick, gun, zhang, whip staff, 13 Hands Staff, and related wood short staff weapons.  A detailed and annotated guide, bibliography, lists of links, resources, instructional media, online videos, and lessons.   Includes use of the short staff and cane in martial arts, self-defense, walking and hiking.  Separate sections on Aikido Jo, Cane, Taijiquan cane and staff, Jodo, exercises with a short staff, selected quotations, techniques, selecting and purchasing a short staff, tips and suggestions, and a long section on the lore, legends, and magick of the short staff.  Includes "Shifu Miao Zhang Points the Way."  Published by Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Red Bluff, California.  Updated on a regular basis since October, 2008.  Filesize: 365 Kb.  Related to Mike's popular webpage on the Staff.


Way of Walking: Eastern Strategies for Vitality, Longevity, and Peace of Mind.  By Jacques Moramarco, O.M.D., L. Ac., with Rick Benzel.  Chicago, IL, McGraw-Hill/Contemporary Books, 2000.  Resources, 213 pages.  ISBN: 0809225867.  Chapter 6, pp. 121-146.  VSTLC. 


Ways of Walking: Quotes, Poems, Resources


What is BaGuaZhang: Eight Palm    25Kb 

 

The Whirling Circles of Ba Gua Zhang: The Art and Legends of the Eight Trigram Palm.  By Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang.  Berkeley, California, Blue Snake Books, 2007.  238 pages.  Illustrated with black and white photos.  ISBN: 1583941894.  Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang and Terri Ferrari offer numerous instructional DVDs on Ba Gua Zhang.  "This is the most complete book on the art of Ba Gua Zhang ever presented in English. It tells the story of the history and legends of the art and its most famous masters as well as presenting the basic training, Classical Cheng Style forms, fighting and weapon of Deer Horn knives of Ba Gua Zhang. The text also includes a new translation of the classic Ba Gua 36 songs and 48 Methods as well as the Daoist meditation roots of the art and the method in which Ba Gua becomes at its ultimate level a physical and energetic manifestation of the Chinese Classic of Change, the Yi Jing. This book will be of interest not only to practitioners and enthusiasts of Ba Gua Zhang, but also to everyone who is interested in the history, philosophy and methods of Chinese Internal Martial Arts."  Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang have produced numerous instructional DVDs to support the teaching in this book.  VSCL.  The authors have studied Ba Gua Zhang with Master Bruce Frantzis, Master Jiang Jian Yee, and Grandmaster Liu Jing Ru. There is an instructional DVD for this Ba Gua Zhang: Eight Energies Circle Walking.  "In this popular DVD, we (Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang) present three popular and widely practiced versions of "Steady Posture Eight Palms" circle walking with Yi Jing (I Ching) correlations and fighting applications.  It is

 


White Star School of Pa Kua Chang
   


Wing Lam Enterprises.    Martial Arts Supplies, videotapes, DVDs.  

 

 



 

Workshops, Seminars, Retreats in Northwestern USA

Send Mike Garofalo information about your Bagua Workshops.

Refer to my Northwestern Tai Chi Directory

 

Return to the Main Index

 

 

 

Wudang Baguazhang   In Italian.  


Wudang Baguazhang  In English


Wudang Internal      Montreal, Canada

 

A Daoist monk at the Baiyunguan temple in Beijing practices his Bagua stepping
in one of the many courtyards tucked away in the compound. 


Wudang Research Association 


Wuji Qigong 


Wuwei Foundation   


Xie Peiqi (1923-2003)  Interviewed by Jarek Szymanski.   Dr. Xie (TCM) is a Yin style BaGuaZhang teacher from Beijing.


Xie Peigi and Yin Fu's Eight Animal Style of Baguazhang  18Kb  


Xin Qi Shen Dojo   Seattle, WA.  Excellent resources and information. 


Xu Shi Xi   Yin style BaGua Grandmaster    


The Yin and Yang of Ba Gua Zhang
.  The Legends of Thin Yin and Spectacles Cheng.  By Frank Allen and Clarence Lu.  Part I: Tung Hai Chuan and Yin Fu.  


 

 

 

Yin Style Baguazhang

 

European Yin Style Bagua Zhang Association


Great Lakes Wushu
.   Instructor Richard Miller.  


Interview with Master Xie Peiqi
.   By Jarek Szymanski in 1999.  


Yin Fu (1841-1909)  

Yin Style, Dong-cheng Zhang (Eastern City Palm), Niu-she Zhang (Ox Tongue Palm) style.  Lineage:  Dong Haichuan (1804-1880), Yin Fu (1841-1909),  Men Baozhen (1873-1958), Xie Peiqi (1920-2003), and He Jinbao (1955-).


Yin Fu and Cheng Ting Hwa


Yin Stil BaguaZhang  Martin Langemeyer.  German language website.  


Yin Style Bagua   Presented by Dr. Xie Peiqi.  Webpages on history and structure of form.  


Yin Style Bagua - A Historical Perspective


Yin Style Bagua Bear System, Volumes 1-10.  Presented by Xie Peiqui and He Jinbao.  Each DVD is over 2 hours long.  Plum Flower Press.  Instructional media.  Yin Style Bagua Martial Arts Series.  Produced by the Association for Traditional Studies.  Demonstrations and instructions by He Jinbao.  Voice over in English.  Foundation static postures, walking routines, drills.  VSTLC.  

 

 

He Jinbao in Yin Style Bear Posture

 


Yin Style Bagua (Pau Kua)   A variety of instructional Chinese language VCDs taught by Yin Bagua Master Wang, Shang Zhi, Vice Chairman of Bagua Group of Beijing Wushu Association..  


Yin Style Bagua Dragon System, Volumes 1-10.  Presented by Xie Peiqui and He Jinbao.  Each DVD is over 2 hours long.  Plum Flower Press.  Instructional media.   Yin Style Bagua Martial Arts Series.  Produced by the Association for Traditional Studies.  


Yin Style Bagua Large Saber.  Presented by Xie Peiqui and He Jinbao.  This instructional DVD is 54 minutes long.  Plum Flower Press


Yin Style Bagua Lion System, Volumes 1-10.  Presented by Xie Peiqui and He Jinbao.  Each DVD is over 2 hours long.  Plum Flower Press.  Instructional media.  Yin Style Bagua Martial Arts Series.  Produced by the Association for Traditional Studies.  

 

Mike Garofalo practicing Baguazhang - Bear Posture, Yin Style

Baguazhang Yin Style Bear Posture
Mike Garofalo practicing in a Bagua Circle Training Area
Red Bluff, California

 


Yin Style Bagua Phoenix System, Volumes 1-10.  Presented by Xie Peiqui and He Jinbao.  Each DVD is over 2 hours long.  Plum Flower Press.  Instructional media.   Yin Style Bagua Martial Arts Series.  Produced by the Association for Traditional Studies.  


Yin Style Ba Gua Zhang.  An interview with He Jinbao.  Tai Chi Magazine.  By Richard Miller.  Translations by Garth Reynolds.  289Kb.  


Yin Style BaGuaZhang   Numerous instructional videotapes and books from Plum Flower Press.    


Yin Style Baguazhang Association


Yin Style Ba Gua Zhang - Dutch site 


Yin Style Ba Gua Zhang
  By Novell C. Bell. 


Yin Style Eight Trigrams Continuous Palms #9
.   By Zhu BaoZhen.  Translated by Joseph Crandall.  Plum Publications.  127 pages.   Instructional media.  


Xie Peiqi
(1923-2003)  Interviewed by Jarek Szymanski.   Dr. Xie (TCM) is a Yin style BaGuaZhang teacher from Beijing.


Xie Peigi and Yin Fu's Eight Animal Style of Baguazhang  18Kb


Zhu Bao-Zhen


Zhuan Tianzun - Daoist Circle Walking

 

Return to the Main Index

 

 

 

 


YiZong Bagua.   Gao style BaGua of Zong Wu-Men, Washington, D.C. .  Zhang Zhunfeng's Gao style Bagua through the teachings of Luo Dexiu.  

Return to the Main Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quotations
Ba Gau Zhang, Eight Diagram Palms, Pa Kau Chang

 

 

"All power comes from the legs.  Through the correct training of stepping, the martial artist will be able to make quick and agile transitions during combat.  Victory in fighting depends on the proper use of footwork.  There is an old Chinese martial arts proverb that states: "To practice boxing without training the legs is a foolish and hazardous venture."  It is very important to develop the power and energy of the legs; only then can true martial power be cultivated."
-   Jerry Alan Johnson, The Essence of Internal Martial Arts, p. 21.  

 

"The power of the eight diagram palms knows no bounds -- the palms seem to strike even before the hands move.  When the hand threads upward, it's like a hundred birds paying tribute to the phoenix; when it threads forward, it's like a tiger swooping downhill.  Walking round and round, he is like a stray wild goose that has drifted from the flock; but when the palms are thrust forward, they can move a mountain.  Now dodging, now ducking, his body slithers in and out; using the opponent's force he delivers a counter, blow, with as little effort as pushing a boat down the stream." 
Dong Hai Ch'uan (1798-1879)

 

"Ba gua is most likely the only purely Taoist martial art.  As such, it contains a great deal of original martial information that has not been changed or adulterated by time.  Ba gua is considered by highly respected internal masters to be the most technically sophisticated and effective of the internal martial arts.  Ba gua includes all the internal and external circling and spiraling techniques completely or partially absent in the linear martial arts.  Ba gua is one of the clear antecedents of aikido, the major internal art of Japan, and includes the overt health and energy practices usually missing in aikido.  Ba gua has the grace and beauty of the other internal arts, but its movements are done and normal and/or fast aerobic speeds, rather than in the slow motion of tai chi, which many martial artists shun.  Ba gua include the complete spiritual tradition of the martial arts, which is found much less often in tai chi and hsing-i.  Ba gua fulfills many of the reasons people like to do tai chi, but with heightened internal awareness and in a much more dynamic form of relaxation."
-   B. K. Frantzis, The Power of Internal Martial Arts, 1998, p. 54.  

 

"Pa Kau Chang is a complete and effective martial art system which utilizes natural and efficient physical skills and strengths and emphasizes the use of evasive footwork, powerful palm strikes, and turning and twisting body motions while maintaining whole body strength and mind/body unity." 
-   Dan Miller, Pa Kua Chang Journal: Vol. 4:6, 29.

 

"I believe the concept of "center" in Jiulong and the Daoqiquan arts is broader than the concept of "center of gravity" in mathematics/physics.  In addition to your physical center of gravity, the "centeredness" of your mind, your intent, and the state of your Song are part of the equation as well.  If fear causes you to "rise up" to flee, then fear has raised your center.  And that's not necessarily bad, if your intent is to be light on your feet and run as fast as you can."
-  Stewart Warren, Jiulong Baguazhong # 1360, 31 Jan 2006 

 

"The post-Heaven form, commonly known as You Shen BaGwa or the Swimming Dragon Body Palm, was supposedly to have been developed in the Omei Mountain region. Master Liang Shou Yu of Vancouver, British Columbia writes: "Its movements are light and swift. It is externally soft and internally hard.  Movements are continuously changing directions, with no interruption.  Its movements are like a swimming dragon...."  This form too incorporates the pre-Heaven movements, but also incorporates some sound fighting tactics. Like Sun's form, it is not demanding on one's body; and the practice of these two forms is only slightly more demanding than the practice of a classical TaiChi Chuan form.  It is interesting to note that Sun Lu Tang also taught this form. Another form Sun Lu Tang created was a lively, eight palm post-Heaven form performed around a circle. He also named this form, Swimming Dragon Palm. It should not be confused with the sixty-four palm, You Shen post-Heaven form."
-  Frank Granovski, 8 Palms - Ba Gua  

 

"Cheng Tinghua styles of Baguazhang features movements that are executed in a smooth flowing and continuous manner, with a subtle display of power. Popular variations of this style include the Gao Yi Sheng system, Dragon Style Baguazhang, "Swimming Body" Baguazhang, the Nine Palace System, Zong Changrong's style (probably the most common form practiced today), and the Sun Lutang style."  
-   Baguazhang, Eight Diagram Palms Shadow Boxing

 

"As for walking around stupas, the stupa is your body and mind. When your awareness circles your body and mind without stopping, this is called walking around a stupa. The sages of long ago followed this path to nirvana. But people today don't understand what this means. Instead of looking inside they insist on looking outside. They use their material bodies to walk around material stupas. And they keep at it day and night, wearing themselves out in vain and coming no closer to their real self."
- Bodhidharma, 515 CE, The Zen Teaching of Bodhidharma, p. 101. Translated and with an Introduction by Red Pine. One of many stories told about Bodhidharma, the first Zen Patriarch in China and the legendary founder of Shaolin qigong and gungfu, is that he spent seven years in seated meditation while facing a stone wall. Talk about "wearing yourself out in vain!"  Thankfully, monks thereafter were required to move about a bit more. 

 

"Baguazhang is one of the more famous of the traditional Chinese martial arts that possesses many distinctive practice skill methods and its palm method changes unfathomably. It also has a good balanced reputation in the martial arts community. From the time of Qing Chengfeng (1851-1862), when Mr. Dong Haichuan (of Wen'an County in Hebei Province) introduced it until today, it has been practiced daily and enjoyed by martial artists in China and overseas.
    Baguazhang is an exceptionally beautiful martial art emphasizing the use of spiral movements and a sophisticated use of footwork and fighting angles. It makes the body extremely flexible and able to move with tremendous grace, speed and power.  Bagua practice is vigorous and aerobic. Many consider Bagua to be the most advanced of the Chinese Martial Arts. The foundation of the system is a meditative circle walking practice and the "Single Change Palm" which was developed in Taoist monasteries over 400 years ago.  As a meditation practice, Bagua allows one to produce a stillness of mind in the midst of intense physical activity. This esoteric system at its highest levels becomes a method of manifesting the energetic patterns of change described in the I-Ching or Classic Book of Changes.
Technically, the correct performance of this exercise increases the practitioner's energy through simultaneous circle walking, forms practice, and breath control.  The practice of Baguazhang is very Zen-like in its approach to calming and focusing the mind. The basics are a series of movements done while walking in a circle. The goal of this exercise is for the individual to understand proper body alignment and relaxation. Once this practice is consistent, the movements become faster and more intricate with turning and twisting, moving the body in all possible angles and directions for fitness, centering and agility. Baguazhang uses quick footwork and turns as part of as its self-defense strategy."
Cardinal

 

 

"Tung Hai-Chuan (1813-18820 became a member of the Chuan Chen (Complete Truth) sect of Taoism. This sect was part of the Lung Men (Dragon Gate) school of Taoism which was originated by Chou Chang-Ch'uan. Interestingly enough, Chou also invented a method of meditation whereby the practitioner would walk in a circle and, wouldn't you know, this method was practiced by the Chuan Chen sect. Delving further into this Taoist connection, K'ang was able to find a section in the Taoist Canon which reads: 'A person's heart and mind are in chaos.

'Concentration on one thing makes the mind pure.
If one aspires to reach the Tao, one should practice walking in a circle.'
 

This bit of evidence inspired Professor K'ang Kuo of Beijing Wu to try and find out more about the circle walk meditation method practiced by the Chuan Chen Taoists. What he discovered was that this practice, which the Taoists called Chuan T'ien Tsun (Rotating in Worship of Heaven) is very similar in principle to the circle walk practice of Pa Kua Chang. Researching Wang Chun-Pao's book, 'Taoist Method of Walking the Circle,' K'ang found that while walking, the Taoists repeated one of two mantras. The first of these mantras was used in the morning practice and translates to mean 'When Rotating in Worship of Heaven, the sound of thunder is everywhere and transforms everything.' The second mantra was used in the evening practice and translates to mean 'When Rotating in Worship of Heaven, the great void saves us from the hardship of existence.' It was said that the practitioner should repeat the mantra with each movement in the circle walk practice so that 'one replaces one's myriad thoughts with a single thought in order to calm and ease one's mind.' The Taoists said that in walking the circle the body's movements should be unified and the practitioner strives for stillness in motion. This practice was described as a method of training the body while harnessing the spirit."
-   Jiang Hao-Quan Chinese Martial Arts Institute

 

 

"The fighting concepts of Bagua Zhang are: never stop walking and never stop changing; always combine the qualities of soft and hard with thos of internal and external; appear suddenly and disappear suddenly; move close quickly and leave quickly; and never struggle directly with an opponent.  If a movement seems difficult, change it so that it becomes easier; if a movement begins as direct, change it so that it comes from the side and vice versa."
-  Lu Shengli, Combat Techniques of Taiji, Xingyi, and Bagua, p. 97.

 

 

"The solo aspect of its circular solo practice is beautiful, yet exotic, full of graceful twisting movement, sudden stops and changes of direction, swooping and lifting actions as well as explosive hand movements. The functional aspect is harshly effective, without sporting elements as its martial effectiveness was refined by the many practitioners at the turn of the century who earned their living as personal bodyguards and merchant convoy escorts.  Like the other internal arts, pa-kua emphasizes balance, natural breathing and relaxation, stability of stance, the development of twisting strength and internal power both for healing and martial purposes as well as the use of the mind to create intent and lead chi flow.  Most defensive and offensive movements are done with the open hand; the horizontal energy of the twisting torso is emphasized; the weight of the body stays on the back foot when walking in a circle (though not necessarily when doing postures within each "change"; the steps are rather tight, the knees staying in close proximity one-to-the-other; and, kicks are normally aimed low, to the ankles, shins and knees.  The essence of the art is learning to be upright, stable and comfortable in your posture and body mechanics while cultivating the ability to change quickly to deal with the tactics of an opponent. The smaller student learns to evade strikes while counter-attacking and the larger learns to batter his/her way through the attacker's arms as a prelude to counter-attacking."
-  Michael Babin, Studying Pa Kua Chang 

 

 

"The distinctive trademarks of the Yin Fu style are the large number of percussive techniques, multiple quick-strikes combinations, explosive movements and very quick and evasive footwork.  Yin Fu was said to "fight like a tiger," advancing forward and knocking his opponent to the ground swiftly like a tiger pouncing on its prey."
-   Cardinal, Baguazhang, Eight Diagram Palms Shadow Boxing

 



"Thus, the two major classical BaGwa solo exercises, the ones which were used a guides in developing new forms, where Yin Fu's, Mother Palms, and Cheng Ting Hua's, Old Palms. These were the standards. This is why such masters as Sun Lu Tang and Fu Chen Sung, students of Cheng, practised and taught the Old Palms form. However, since Yin Fu was Tung's longest and most skilled student, Yin's basic form was at a much higher level (or more difficult to learn and master).  Nevertheless, the Old Palms form though simpler, incorporates effective combat techniques.  Yin Fu emphasized punching and kicking etc., in his training and teaching, whereas Cheng Ting Hua emphasized close range contact utilizing Shway Zow (Chinese wrestling) and Chin Na (Chinese joint locking techniques). However, both of these masters' basic BaGwa was essentially the same."
8 Palms - Ba Gua

 

 

"Based on my own research into this practice and my own study of baguazhang.  Zhuan tianzun is a type of ritualized stepping (common in Daoist ritual practice, the most famous being the Yubu or Steps of Yu), specifically a ritual practice of circumambulation while chanting hymns that occurs during specific stages of the zhai ritual.  Having studied baguazhang myself, I just don't see any connection whatsoever between the two except for the circularity; circumambulation is common in many religious traditions.  I would love to be proven wrong, I never said that it is impossible that baguazhang stepping was perhaps inspired by this; however, I personally prefer the simpler explanation that circular stepping is an effective combative technique.  Personally I believe that the only reason that a connection was made between the Zhuan tianzun practice and bagua stepping is that historians were attempting to justify the original myth that Dong learned bagua from some mysterious Daoists. This (the shadowy Daoist teacher) is a common device in Chinese popular hagiography and I personally believe it to be hyperbole."
Beiquan, A doctoral candidate studying Daoism

 

 

"Bagua zhang (八卦掌 in pinyin: bā gu� zhǎng) (Pa Kua Chang, Bagua Quan, Pa kua ch'�an, Bagua, Pakua, Pakua boxing) is one of the three major internal Chinese martial arts, the other two of which are Xingyiquan (形意拳) and Taijiquan (太極拳).  The word 'baguazhang' literally means "eight trigram palm". The trigrams refer to diagrams from the Yijing, one of the canons of Taoism. These diagrams in turn refer to eight animals, upon which in some styles of Baguazhang movements or fighting systems are based on.
The trigrams and their corresponding animals in martial arts are:

 

 

"The distinctive trademarks of the Yin Fu style are the large number of percussive techniques, multiple quick-strikes combinations, explosive movements and very quick and evasive footwork.  Yin Fu was said to "fight like a tiger," advancing forward and knocking his opponent to the ground swiftly like a tiger pouncing on its prey."
-   Baguazhang - Eight Diagram Palms  

 

 

"Neigong, also spelled nei kung, neigung, or nae gong, refers to any of a set of Chinese breathing, meditation and spiritual practice disciplines associated with Daoism and especially the Chinese martial arts. Neigong practice is normally associated with the so-called "soft style", "internal" or neijia 內家 Chinese martial arts, as opposed to the category known as waigong 外功 or "external skill" which is historically associated with shaolinquan or the so-called "hard style", "external" or wŕijiā 外家 Chinese martial arts. Both have many different schools, disciplines and practices and historically there has been mutual influence between the two and distinguishing precisely between them differs from school to school.  There is both martial and non-martial neigong. Well known examples of martial neigong are the various breathing and focus trainings taught in some traditional Taijiquan, Baguazhang and Xingyiquan schools. An example of non-martial neigong is the discipline known as Daoyin."
Neigong from Wikipedia

 

 

"Based on the spiritual principles of the ancient Taoist ("mystic scientist" who follow the Natural Way and Truth of the Universe) the core of the circle walking meditation practices teaches to "seek stillness within movement." By continuously stepping in circular patterns and going at varying speeds, one can train the body/mind to find a still point inside where everything feels centered balanced and effortless.  
    Circle walking training also gives one the ability to transform negative/heavy energies into lighter more positive energies. The constant going around and around mimics a recycling plant that can filter-out impurities from dirty water and only leaves the pure clean drinking water. The resulting purified fluids and energies can then be stored back into one's navel center, called the lower tan-tien (the part of the body that functions as a human battery) for building-up immunity against disease and for increased physical-mental-spiritual capacity.  
    Regular practice greatly facilitates a return to a more natural breathing rhythm, which has a strong calming affect over the whole body, if maintained for an extended period of time of 20-30 minutes. Additionally, this combined skill of practicing deep abdominal breathing while continuously rotating in circles naturally roots one to the earth, grounding and harmonizing one within one's immediate environment. This not only helps to bolster an individual's spirit but also naturally teaches one to respect the space and spirit of others, dissolving the ego's need for self-importance by softly going around and around in a circle."
-   Zeigua Integral Arts  

 

 

"Legends are apt, however, to be as right in substance as they are wrong in detail." 
- R. H. Tawney 

 

 

"One of the most important areas of this 'movement' is that we must learn to be still within every movement we make. This is called in Baguazhang, "Clouds Following". This means that whenever we make a movement, even a minute movement, or a large step, there must be internal stillness and equilibrium within that movement.  In this way we are able to either continue with the attack or stop and go in another direction etc, instantly.  This is also called the "Bagua Post".  This gives the Bagua practitioner the upper hand where combat is concerned as we are always in control of our own body and movement and therefore in control of any attacker's body and movement.  We are able to move at any time to change direction because no matter what foot we are standing on or what movement we are making, it has internal stillness enabling us to 'move without moving'.  That is the reason why it is said of so many of the old Bagua masters that they "seemed not to move, and yet his opponent was defeated". His movement came out of stillness, like a tree rooted to the ground, its branches sway with the breeze but physically it is solid. And it is the same with Bagua, the only difference being that our roots are internal.
    In the beginning, we are taught to walk the circle very slowly. The reason is to gain the most important part of Bagua -  internal stillness while moving. Every time we pass one foot by the other during walking the circle, we must scrape the moving foot past the standing foot and we must hear the sound of the trousers as they pass each other.  As the foot passes and at precisely the same time that we hear that sound, we are 'still' within.  To an onlooker, the movement will be seen to continue as if we are just walking. however, internally at that moment, we are rooted to the ground from the crown down to the standing heel and into the earth.  So the internal movement will stop for a split second and then catch up with the physical step.  In this way, we are able to also stop the physical step at any time, take it back, move it to the side, kick etc, without thinking about it and without losing balance, like a cat walking stealthily along, being able to change direction at any time."
-   Erle Montagiue, Baguazhang: The Hidden Meanings 

 

 

    "Daoist Master Li, Ching-Yuen is said to have created Nine Dragon Baguazhang while studying at Emei Mountain in Sichuan Province. Li, Ching-Yuen was a controversial figure who was reputed to have lived to be one of the oldest men in the world. He claimed to have learned about longevity from another Daoist he met on the Emei Mountain in Sichuan province near the Tibetan border. 

The monk, according to Li, Ching-Yuen's story, was well over 300 years old, was as agile as a monkey, as strong as a tiger and as wise as a dragon. It is wise to remember the Chinese like most Texans love their tall tales and take every opportunity to exaggerate a good story often to and beyond it's credible limits.

This ancient Daoist sage reputedly instructed Li, Ching-Yuen in his secret method of health nourishing martial art exercises based upon the wisdom of the Book of Changes (Yijing). Most likely this was a Daoist of the Long-Men sect who practiced a method of circle walking meditation combined with chanting and visualization. The art of Li, Ching-Yuen came to be knows by the Li family as Jiulong Baguazhang (Nine Dragon Eight Diagram Palm).

Li, Ching-Yuen was a scholar of Daoism and the Yijing. He worked many years to create a method that contained strong emphasis on developing physical power (Li) through specific mind / body exercises. His method was to produce first (Waigong) external strength and then (Neigong) Refined mind /body power in conjunction with developing the powers of the mind (Yi) for the production of heightened life force (Qi) energy and longevity. It was truly a complete wholistic system."
History of Jiulong Baguazhang, Nine Dragon Baguazhang

 

 

"Energy exercises can de divided into two categories- 'Post-Birth' and 'Pre-Birth'. Post birth practices deal with developing the chi that you gain after leaving the womb that generated by breathing, eating, sleeping, and normal exercise, whereas pre-birth practices focus on generating the chi that you receive from the cosmic forces whilst in the womb. This pre-birth chi is incredibly strong and s responsible for giving a body abundant health and flexibility. When these pre-birth exercises are used correctly they can be used to heal disease, make a weak person strong, to restore elasticity to old, hard or scar tissue and to return the body to the state of a new-born baby, with the control and understanding of an adult. 
    Walking the circle and repeatedly changing direction is the basic Ba Gua pre-birth chi practice and it is here that you tune into, open, heal, upgrade and strengthen all of your body's soft tissue, joints, fluids, organs, bones, systems, and sub systems.
    This takes time, energy, and practise and how far one takes this work depends upon the individual's intelligence, commitment and the effort that he or she can give to this ancient and profound Art.  It is considered an Art because you can never make a perfect movement -it can always be improved.  Also, because to watch the continuous circling, spiralling movements is a pleasure to the eyes." 
Ba Gua Chang by Paul Cavel


 

 

 

 

"The above is a diagram depicting the use of sacred movements from the fifth century Taoist Rite of the Great Bear Polar circle. In Taoist practice, such sacred movements enhance the dancers to resonate with the circle of the cosmic forces. This embraces the central Taoist concept of human as microcosm 
mirroring the macrocosm.  
    Taiji Quan movements evolved from this ancient lumbering gait of a bear, unfortunately due to the linguistic drift and misinterpretation, the Great Bear Polar Circle remains hidden for most practitioners. If one retraced to an older practice of the Five Animal frolics, one can still see the original lumbering Gait of a black bear frolic swaying side to side.  If Taiji Quan did evolve from the Five animal frolics then the Taiji form must contain within its structure a Bear movement. It is my most sincere wish that you could discover it for yourself the Bear movement within the Taiji Form. 
    Such discovery re-connects me to the ancient Complete Reality Sect of Taoist Ritual and opens my eyes to the depth of Taiji practice. That the very functioning of the Taiji form is a Shamanistic journey of recreating the Heavenly drama of the Ursula Major constellation which contained the Big Dipper. 
    With the Great Bear Rite as part of my practice of Taiji movements, this transported my consciousness to a level that is universal. My body became part of the Cosmo. The movements took on a numinous quality. Sometime, when I practiced late at night I could almost hear the song of the stars. Suddenly, the meaning of Taiji—Supreme Ultimate revealed to me as the universal movements of unifying between human and the whole of the Universe. At that moment, my body became utterly transparent and different part of the body lights up. 
    From my own meager experience of the Grand Ultimate—Taiji, I entered the vast field of Taoist Alchemical cultivation. It is this transformation from the profane physical movements into the sacred Taoist rite that the power of the Great Bear Step becomes so necessary."
-  Sat Chuen Hon, Founder of Dan Tao, 2001.   Also, refer to my webpage on the Five Animal Frolics  

 

 

"The Quan Zhen (Complete Truth) sect of Daoism was part of the Long Men (Dragon Gate) school of Daoism which was originated by Qiu Chang Chun.  Interestingly enough, Qiu also invented a method of meditation whereby the practitioner would walk in a circle and, wouldn't you know, this method was practiced by the Quan Zhen sect.  Delving further into this Daoist connection, Professor Kang Ge Wu was able to find a section in the Daoist Canon which reads:

    "A person's heart and mind are in chaos.
    Concentration on one thing makes the mind pure.
    If one aspires to reach the Dao, one should practice walking in a circle."

This bit of evidence inspired Professor Kang to try and find out more about the circle walk meditation method practiced by the Quan Zhen Daoists. What he discovered was that this practice, which the Daoists called Zhuan Tian Zun (Rotating in Worship of Heaven) is very similar in principle to the circle walk practice of Ba Gua Zhang.  Researching Wang Jun Bao's book, Daoist Method of Walking the Circle, Professor Kang found that while walking, the Daoists repeated one of two mantras. The first of these mantras was used in the morning practice and translates to mean "When Rotating in Worship of Heaven, the sound of thunder is everywhere and transforms everything." The second mantra was used in the evening practice and translates to mean "When Rotating in Worship of Heaven, the great void saves us from the hardship of existence." It was said that the practitioner should repeat the mantra with each movement in the circle walk practice so that "one replaces one's myriad thoughts with a single thought in order to calm and ease one's mind." The Daoists said that in walking the circle the body's movements should be unified and the practitioner strives for "stillness in motion." This practice was described as a method of "training the body while harnessing the spirit."

When instructing his students Dong Hai Chuan was noted as saying, "Training martial arts ceaselessly is inferior to walking the circle. In Ba Gua Zhang the circle walk practice is the font of all training." Ba Gua Zhang instructors instruct their students to walk the circle with the spirit, Qi, intent, and power concentrated on a single goal. This is similar to the Daoist method whereby one clears the mind with a single thought. Although Ba Gua Zhang's circle walk practice trains footwork to be used in fighting, it also shares the Daoist's goals of creating stillness in motion and developing the body internally."
-  Dan Miller, Pa Kua Chang Journal, Origins of the Circle Walk Practice in Ba Gua Zhang

 

 

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Baguazhang & Trigrams

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning Circle Walking Practice
BaGua Qigong, Eight Palms Circle Walking Practices


Most Bagua Zhang books and instructional media offer some suggestions as to practices for beginners in Circle Walking, Bagua Qigong, Warming Up Routines, or Zhan Zhuang (Standing Meditation).  These suggested practices vary quite a bit as to specifics from teacher to teacher, although the purposes or intentions of such activities are often similar: warming up, simple walking practice, qigong.  I have developed my own routine and ritual for home practice called Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden.  Here are some of the other suggestions that I have learned about and borrowed from: 


General Warm Up and/or Qigong Routines:
Universal Standing Post and Yi Quan Practices   [Wang Shujin 1978]
Sixteen Zhan Zhuang Exercises  [Zhang Jie 2008]
Eight Section Brocade
Some of the Five Animal Frolics
Stretching


First Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

Fierce Tiger Comes Out of the Mountain   [Allen/Zhang, 2007] 
Qi Still and Step on the Earth - Charging the Tan Tien Qi   [Bracy, 1998]
Preparation Posture   [Liang/Wang, 1994 and  Wu Ji
The Unicorn Emerges From the Canyon in the Moonlight   [Garofalo 2006


Second Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

Big Roc Spreads Out Its Wings   [Allen/Zhang, 2007] 
Extend Energy Through the Middle Basin   [Bracy, 1998]
Nourish Elixir Posture   [Liang/Wang, 1994 and  Embrace the One]  
The Green Dragon Stretches Out Its Claws at Dawn  [Garofalo 2006]


Third Mind-Energy Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

Lion Opens Its Mouth   [Allen/Zhang, 2007]  
Young Man Shoulders the Mountain   [Bracy, 1998]
Push Mill Posture   [Liang/Wang, 1994] 
The Hawk Streaks Across the Clear Morning Sky   [Garofalo 2006]


Fourth Mind-Energy Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

White Ape Presents the Peach   [Allen/Zhang, 2007]
Embrace the Moon - Turning the Joints Outward   [Bracy, 1998]   
Rotate Palm Posture   [Liang/Wang, 1994]
The Monkey King Offers the Early Fruits   [Garofalo 2006
 

 

Mike Garofalo practicing "Embrace the Moon" Baguazhang Qigong.

"Embrace the Moon" (Bracey & Allen/Zhang) Baguazhang Qigong Posture


 

Fifth Mind-Energy Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

Embrace the Moon   [Allen/Zhang, 2007]
Bear Lifts Roof    [Bracy, 1998]
Spiral and Rotate Posture    [Liang/Wang, 1994] 
The Fierce Lion Leaps Out in the Summer Sun   [Garofalo 2006]


Sixth Mind-Energy Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

Black Bear Stretches Out Its Paw   [Allen/Zhang, 2007]
Lion Holds Ball    [Bracy, 1998]   
Twist Turning Posture    [Liang/Wang, 1994]
The Phoenix Appears at the Harvest Festival in Peaceful Times   [Garofalo 2006


Seventh Mind-Energy Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

Pointing to Heaven and Plunging to Earth   [Allen/Zhang, 2007]
Lotus Palm   [Bracy, 1998]   
Bore and Turn Posture    [Liang/Wang, 1994]
The White Snake Becomes a Beautiful Lady at Dusk   [Garofalo 2006]


Eight Mind-Energy Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong Practice

Green Dragon Stretches Its Claws   [Allen/Zhang, 2007]
Acquire the Heart Palm    [Bracy, 1998]     
Closing Gong Posture     [Liang/Yang, 1994]
The Bear Enters Her Den to Hibernate   [Garofalo 2006
 

 

Mike Garofalo practicing "Acquire the Heart Palm" Baguazhang Qigong Posture.

"Acquire the Heart Palm" Baguazhang Qigong Posture

 

Reference Sources for Beginning Eight Palms Circle Walking or Bagua Qigong


The Whirling Circles of Ba Gua Zhang: The Art and Legends of the Eight Trigram Palm.  By Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang.  Berkeley, California, Blue Snake Books, 2007.  238 pages.  Illustrated with black and white photos.  ISBN: 1583941894.  Eight Palm Postures Circle Walking is described on pages 74-82.   

Bracy 1998  Ba Gua: Hidden Knowledge in the Taoist Internal Martial Art.   By John Bracy and Liu Xing-Han.  The Bagua Qigong set is described on pages 65-74.  All exercises in this set are done while walking the circle.  Only one photograph for each exercise is provided.  VSTLC. 

Liang 1994: Baguazhang (Emei Baguazhang): Theory and Applications.   By Liang, Master Shou-Yu, and Wu, Wen-Ching, and Yang, Jwing-Ming.  The "Bagua Turning-Spinning Qigong," is found on pp. 36-151.  The qigong instructions Include detailed descriptions, multiple photographs for each exercise, and translations of Chinese texts.  Only the last exercise in this set is done while walking the circle.  VSTLC. 

Wang Shujin, according to all reports, had all his Bagua Zhang, Hsing I Quan, and Tajiiquan students practice Zhan Zhuang (Standing Meditaton) at the beginning of all training sessions.  Most internal martial arts masters strongly recommend Zhan Zhuang practice. 
Bagua Linked Palms.  By Wang Shujin (1904-1981).  Translated by Kent Howard and Hsiao-Yen Chen.  Blue Snake Books, 2009.  First Edition in Chinese, 1978.  250 pages.  ISBN: 1583942645.

Liu Bin's Zhuang Gong Bagua Zhang: Foundation Practices, Volume One.  South District Beijing's Strongly Rooted Style.  By Zhang, Jie. Contributions by Richard Shapiro.  Blue Snake Books, 2008.  Glossary, xxix, 232 pages.  ISBN: 1583942181. Sixteen Zhan Zhuang Exercises, pp. 109-132. 

Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden   By Michael P. Garofalo.  Valley Spirit Taijiquan, 2006. 
 

 

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Online Videos on Bagua Quan

 

Bagua UTube Subject Index 

Bagua Training  UTube, 6:56 min. 

Bagua Zhang Swimming Dragon.  Demonstration by Master Han Yan Wu.  UTube, 3:01 min. 

Bagua Zhang UTube Subject Index

Master's Demonstration.  UTube, 6:33 min.

Pa Kua Chang UTube Subject Index 

Howard, Kent  Wang Shujin's Bagua Zhang videos online. 

Sun Lu Tang's Swimming Dragon Baguazhang.  Demo by Sifu Joshua Brown.  UTTube, 3:09 min. 

 

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Bagua Zhang and the Trigrams of the I Ching

 

 

Baguazhang & Trigrams

 

 

 


Ba Gua Zhang Associations with Trigrams of the I Ching

 

Trigram

Yin Style

Wikipedia
Crompton

He Jinghan

Wang Shujin

Liang/Yang
Emei Baguazhang

              
 

K'un

Earth

North
1

 
Unicorn
Reversing the Body

Unicorn
Qilin or Chilin
Reversing the Body
Middle Abdomen

Reversing Body Palm
Kun
Yinyin
Earth
Chilin, Lin
Chilin Swallows the Book
Abdomen
Below the Diaphragm
 
Kun
Pure Swift Mare
Palm: Pi, To Split
Pi 4&6th
Lightness & Quickness
Kun Gua
Returning Body Palm
Kun = Follow
Free, Agile, Light, Quick
Filling the Abdomen
Lin = Mythical Female
Deer (Unicorn) Shape
Earth
           
 

Chen
Zhen

Thunder

  Northeast
2
Dragon
Lifting and Holding
Dragon
Lifting and
Holding
Left Abdomen

Even Holding Palm
Zhen
Yinyang
Wood
Dragon
Green Dragon Flies Upward
Liver
Liver and Gall Bladder System
 
Zhen
Vibrating or Quaking
Palm: Ling, To Lead
Hawk Swoops Upward 3rd
Liver Chi Harmonized
Zhen Gua
Horizontal Lifting Palm
Black Dragon Wraps around Post
North
Zhen = Move
Dragon Shape
Thunder
           
 

Li

Fire

East
3
  
Rooster
Lying Step
Rooster
Hawk
Lying Step
Heart

Crouching Palm
Li
Yangyang
Fire
Hawk
Red Phoenix Faces the Sun
Heart
Heart and Intestinal Organs
 
Li
Adhere To
Palm: Kou, Button/Hook
Double Palm Change 2nd
Empty/Flexible at Center
 
Li Qua
Lying Palm
Li = Ornament
Mind Sharp, Flexible, Open
Harrier (Hawk) Shape
Fire
           
 

Tui
Dui

Valley
Lake

Southeast

4
  
Monkey
Enfolding
Monkey
Enfolding
Right Abdomen

Embracing Palm
Dui
Yangyin
Metal
Ape
White Ape Offers Fruit
Lungs
Liver, Heart and Large Intestine System
 
Dwei
Pond, Swamp
Palm: Jin, to Enter
White Ape Offers Peach 7th
Lung Chi Enhanced
Dui Gua
Embrace Palm
Dui = Make Happy
West, Metal
Lung Qi Enhanced
White Ape Offers the Fruits
Monkey Shape
Lake
 
           
   

Chien
Qian

Heaven

South
5
  


Lion
Interlocking

 

Lion
Interlocking
Head
Lion Palm
Gan
YangYang
Fire
Lion Opens Its Mouth
Head
Above the Shoulder
Qian
Improve Oneself
Palm: Twei, Push
Very Yang
Single Palm Change 1st
Good Blood Flow
Qian Gua
Lion Palm

Virtue of Yang
Strength & Fierceness
Blood Vessels Free/Open
Lion Shape
Heaven
           
 

Sun
Xun

Wind

Southwest
6
Phoenix
Windmill
Phoenix
Windmill
Lower Back
 

Wind Mill Palm
Xun
Yinyang
Water
Roc
Roc Spreads Its Wings
Middle and Lower Back
Lower Edge of the Shoulder bone to the Pelvis
 
Cun
Enter like the Wind
Palm: Ban, Move About
Whirlwind Palms 8th
Flowing, Mobility
Xun Gua
Wind Wheel Palm
Coming
East-South
Xun = Enter
Phoenix Shape
Wind
           
 

K'an

Water

West
7
 
Snake
Moving with the Force

Snake
Moving with
the Force
Kidneys

Moving with Force Palm
Kan
Yinyin
Water
Snake
White Snake Slithers
Through the Grass
Kidney
Kidneys and Bladder System
 
Kan
Dangerous
Strong Will to Survive
Palm: Tuo, Hold Up
White Snake Spits Out Tongue 5th
Elevate Heart Fire
Kan Gua
Snake
Smooth Posture Palm
North
Slithering Sanke Spits Out Tongue
Kan = Submerge
Snake Shape
Water
                  
 

Ken
Gen

Mountain

Northwest
8
 
Bear
Turning the Back
Bear
Turning the 
Back
Neck

Turning the Back Palm
Gen
Yangyin
Earth
Bear
Black Bear Comes Out from the Cave
Back
Lower Edge of the Shoulder Bone to the Shoulder
 
Gen
Turning Back and Cutting Off
Palm: Dai, Carry
Mighty Peng Spreads Wings 6th
Heart Chi to 4 Limbs
Gen Gua
Back Body Palm
Bear Shape
East-North
Heat Chi Distributed
Strong, Calm, Upright
Gen = Stop
Bear Shape
Mountain

 
                              
Note1 Note2 Note3 Note4 Note5 Note6

 

 

Note 1

Refer to the Eight Trigrams of the I Ching by Michael P. Garofalo.  The arrangement (1-8) in the graphic above is my own, based on what I wanted to do with the assigned associations in the "Sacred Circle" in our backyard at home.   

Walking in a Sacred Circle Garden  By Michael P. Garofalo. 


Note 2

Refer to Understanding Yin Style Bagua.  By Andrew Nugent-Head.  Mr Nugent-Head is the Director of the Association for Traditional Studies.  

Refer to the Structure of Yin Style Bagua.  


Note 3

Walking Meditation: Pakua-The Martial Art of the I Ching.   By Paul Crompton.   Shaftesbury, England, Element Books, 1996.  Glossary, resources, index, 163 pages.  ISBN: 1852308974.  VSTLC.  Trigrams discussion on pp. 103-115.     

Wikipedia Article on Bagua Zhang


Note 4

Baguaquan and Its Relationship with the Bagua.  By He Jinghan.  Translated by David Alexander. 


Note 5

"An Explanation of Bagua Zhang and the Eight Trigrams of the I Ching." From Wang Shujin's, Bagua Zhang Connected Palms, translated by Kent Howard, 2009.   
Bagua Linked Palms.  By Wang Shujin (1904-1981).  Translated by Kent Howard and Hsiao-Yen Chen.  Blue Snake Books, 2009.  250 pages.  ISBN: 1583942645.


Note 6

Baguazhang (Emei Baguazhang): Theory and Applications.   By Liang, Master Shou-Yu, and Wu, Wen-Ching, and Yang, Jwing-Ming.  YMAA Publication Center, 1994.  364 pages.  ISBN: 0940871300.   Instructional videotapes are also available.  Chinese Internal Martial Arts.  Excellent introduction to the subject.  Discussion of trigrams on pp. 112-133.

 

 

"Bagua (Chinese: 八卦; pinyin: bā guŕ; Wade-Giles: pa kua; literally "eight symbols") is conceptually a template or a ruler within the Taoist cosmology to track changes. There are two types of Bagua, firstly the Primordial Bagua (先天八卦) or Fuxi Bagua (伏羲八卦) attributable to Fuxi (2852 BCE) as a tool to track manifestations before changes, and secondly as the Manifested Bagua (後天八卦), which has wider applications including astronomy, astrology, geography, geomancy, anatomy, time, the seasons as well as the twenty-four Jieqi (節氣). In Taoism eschatology and in the Chinese creation story (...四象演八卦), Bagua takes on the connotation of manifestations flourishing in multiple directions."
 

無極生有極, 有極是太極,
太極生兩儀, 即陰陽;
兩儀生四象: 即少陰、太陰、少陽、太陽,
四象演八卦, 八八六十四卦

The Limitless (Wuji) produces the delimited, and this is the Absolute (Taiji)
The Taiji produces two forms, named yin and yang
The two forms produce four phenomena, named lesser yang, great yang (taiyang also means the Sun), lesser yin, great yin (taiyin also means the Moon).
The four phenomena act on the eight trigrams (ba gua), eight eights are sixty-four hexagrams.
-   Fuxi (2853 BCE)

-   Wikipedia - Bagua (Concept)

 

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Final Thoughts

 

Mike Garofalo, Baguazhang Practice, Red Bluff, California

 

Attend Mike Garofalo's indoor Taijiquan classes or outdoor Taijiquan classes or or indoor Yoga classes or take a private lesson in Taijiquan, Qigong, or Yoga in beautiful Red Bluff, California. 

I have used the following methods to learn a little about Baguazhang: 1) viewed and studied Baguazhang instructional DVD and VHS products.  2) read and studied Baguazhang books.  3) studied UTube videos, 4) practiced Baguazhang on my own,
and 5)
attended a few classes taught by baguazhang instructors.  I've been an avid walker my entire life, and have used a variety of walking meditation techniques for decades. 

You must have a master teacher and dedicated fellow students, and daily personal practice, in order to really learn and eventually master the fine sophisticated martial art of Baguazhang.  However, you can get started on your own using instructional DVDs and books along with daily personal practice to improve your fitness levels, learn some Baguazhang movement sequences, gain mind-body-spirit benefits, and condition your body to move efficiently, quickly, and skillfully in circle walking practices. 

 

Here are four Baguazhang learning resources I have found to be very useful:


Ba Gua: Hidden Knowledge in the Taoist Internal Martial Art
By John Bracy and Liu Xing-Han.  Consulting editors: Li Zhong-Quan and Liu Men-Gen, Beijing, China.  Berkeley, California, North Atlantic Books, 1998.  Index, bibliography, notes, 139 pages.  ISBN: 1556432763.  VSCL.   


Ba Gua Circle Walking Nei Gong: The Meridian Opening Palms of Ba Gua Zhang.  By Tom Bisio.  Outskirts Press, 2012.  264 pages.  ISBN: 978-1432796891.  VSCL. 


The Whirling Circles of Ba Gua Zhang: The Art and Legends of the Eight Trigram Palm.  By Frank Allen and Tina Chunna Zhang.  Berkeley, California, Blue Snake Books, 2007.  238 pages.  Illustrated with black and white photos.  ISBN: 1583941894.


Learning Bagua Zhang: The Martial Art of Change.  By Ted Mancuso.  Santa Cruz, California, Plum Publications, 2012.  225 pages.  ISBN: 978-0979015984.  VSCL. 

 

                                                                        

 

 

Have a Great Baguazhang Workout!

Sincerely,

 

 

Mike Garofalo
Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Red Bluff, California
Green Way Research

June 2013

 

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