Chinese Internal Martial Arts Dictionary
 
In English and Chinese 

Emphasis Upon the Arts of Grandmaster Sun Lu Tang (1861-1933)
Internal Martial Arts Practices (Nei Jia Quan) and Philosophy:
Tai Ji Quan, Xing Yi Quan, Ba Gua Quan, Weapons, Qigong, Wudang, Shaolin, Daoism

 

Sun Lu Tang's T'ai Chi Ch'uan     Ba Gua Quan     Xing Yi Quan     Sun 73 Taijiquan Form     Links

Home     Bibliography     Sun Lu Tang (1861-1933)     Swordsmanship     Cloud Hands     Qigong  

Dictionaries and Glossaries:  Bibliography, Links, Resources 


Research by Michael P. Garofalo

January 1, 2008

 

 

Note:  The code "(T)" on a line refers to Taijiquan (T'ai Chi Ch'uan), the code "(X)" to Xingyi Quan (Hsing I Ch'uan), the code "(B)" to Bagua Quan (Ba Gua Zhang), the code "(Q)" to Qigong (Chi Kung), the code "(S)"to swordsmanship, and the code "(D)" to Daoist (Taoist) Philosophy.  The number in square brackets, e.g., [#22], refers to the numbered movement in the Sun Style Taijiquan Standard International Competition 73 Form.  The number in curly brackets, e.g., {#22}, refers to the numbered movement in the Traditional Sun Style Taijiquan 98 Form.
 

 

Active Tuck in the Robes - Huo Bu Lan Zha Yi     (T)

Advance, Parry and Punch - Jin B Bān Ln Chui    进步搬拦捶     [#12, 39]    (T)

An  -  Push, Press, Pressing, Stamping    (an4)   按   (TX)    One of the 13 Postures of Taijiquan.

An Jin  -  Hidden Power   (X)

Ao Bu  -  Twisted Stance, Reverse Stance   拗步    A stance in which the opposite foot and hand are forward, e.g., right foot and left hand are in front of the left foot and right hand. 

Apparent Close Up  -  Ru Feng Si Bi   如封似闭     [#13, 40]   (T)

Appearing to Seal and Close  -  Ru Feng Si Bi   如封似闭     [#13, 40]    (T)

Back Step and Wave Palms -  Tui Bu Shan Zhang      (T)

Ba Gua -  Eight Trigrams (I Ching)   

Bai He Liang Chi   [bai2 he4 liang4 chi4-  White Crane (Goose, Swan) Spreads Its Wings   白鹤凉翅  [#7]  (T)

Bao Hu Tui Shan  [bao4 hu3 gui1 shan1]  -  Carry Tiger and Push Mountain   抱虎归山    (T)

Bēng  -  Crushing    崩   (X)   

Bēng Quan  -  Crushing Fist from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists    崩     (X) 

Breath, Energy, Life Force  -  Chi, Qi        

Brush Knee and Twist Step - Lou Xi Ao Bu   搂膝拗步       [#10, 17, 25, 44,]   (T)

Book of Changes - I Ching     

Breath and Energy Training Work - Qigong, Chi Kung 

Broadsword (Dao) - Yang Taijiquan  (In four languages)

Broadsword (Dao) - Chen Taijiquan 23 Movements (In four languages).

Breathing Exercises  -  Nei Gong, Nei Kung    內功

Brush Knee and Twist Step - Lou Zi Ao Bu     (T)   

Brush Knee Right and Twist Step -  (You Lou Xi Ao Bu)   右搂膝拗步    (T)

Bu - Step, Stepping   步   (b)

Carry Tiger and Push Mountain  -  Bao Hu Tui Shan    抱虎归山      [#14]    (T)

Cai - Pluck, Pick

Central Equilibrium - Zhong Ding       

Chi  -   Breath, Energy, Life Force      

Chi Kung, Qigong  -  Energy and Breath Training Work   氣功   

Chen Family Style Taijiquan    陈氏 太极拳

Close, Combine, Unite, Join  -   He    

Close Hands, Closing Hands  -  He Shou    合手     [#4, 9, 16, 20, 28, 43, 47, 52, 64]   (T)   

Cloud Hands - Yun Shou   云手    (T)

Crossing  -  Hng      橫     (X)

Crossing Fist  -  Hng Quan from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists    橫   (X)

Commencing Form - Qi Shi   [#1]     (T)

Crushing  -  Bēng     崩     (X)

Crushing Fist  -  Bēng Quan from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists    崩      (X)  

Da -  Strike, Striking

Dan Bian  [dan1 bian1]  - Single Whip   单鞭     [#5, 21, 29, 48, 53, 65, 66]    (T)

Dao De Jing, Tao Te Ching  -  "Book of the Way and Its Virture" by Lao Tzu    道德經

Dao Juan Gong  -  Step Back and Whirl Arms    (T)

Dao Nian Hou  [dao4 nian3 hou2] - Step Back and Repulse Monkey        倒撵猴    (T)

Deng Jiao - Heel Kick    蹬脚     (T)

Down - Xia  

Xie  -  Diagonal, Slant, Oblique    斜   

Diagonal Single Whip  -  Xie Dan Bian   斜单鞭   [#48]   (T)

Diagonal Subdue Tiger  -  Pi Shen Fu Hu    [#36]   (T)

Di Yi - Sense of Enemy  

Double Jump Kick After Turning  -  Fen Shen Er Qi Jiao     [#35]     (T)

Drilling, Drill  -  Zuān     鑽     (X)

Drilling Fist  -  Zuān Quan  from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists          (X)

Eight Doors of TaijiquanPeng (Ward Off), Lu (Rollback), Ji (Press), An (Push), Cai (Pluck)
     Lie (Rend), Kao (Shoulder Stroke), and Zhou (Elbow).

Eight Trigrams - Ba Gua  

Elbow - Zhou

Embrace Tiger, Push Mountain  -  Bao Hu Tui Shan   抱虎归山     [#14]     (T)

Energy, Breath, Life Force  -  Qi, Chi      氣  

Energy and Breath Training Work - Qigong, Chi Kung   氣功

Fair Lady Works the Shuttles  -  Yu Nu Chuan Suo   玉女穿梭    (T)

Fan Shen Er Qi Jiao - Turn Over Body and Double Jump Kick    (T) 

Fan Through the Back  -  Shan Tong Bei      扇通背    (T)

Fen Jiao  (fen1 jiao3)  - Toe Kick, Foot Kick, Separation Kick    分脚    (T)

Fen Shen Er Qi Jiao - Turn Over Body and Double Jump Kick    (T)  

Fist Under Elbow  -  Zhou Di Kan Quan, Zhou Di Kan Chui    肘底捶    (T)    [#22] 

Five Fists, Five Elements, Five Phases of Xingiquan    (X)

Flowing Steps Taijiquan Form - Huo Bu Jia Taijiquan    (T) 

Form, Style, Type, Pattern, Rule  -  Shi      

Form-Mind Boxing or Shape Will Boxing - Xing Yi Quan, Hsing I Chuan    形意拳      (X) 

Forms, Solo Forms or Solo Routines -  Taolu   套路

Gao Hu Gui Shuan - Embrace Tiger, Push Mountain   抱虎归山    (T)

Gao Shi - High Stance or Posture

Gao Tan Ma  (gao1 tan4 ma3)  -  High Pat on Horse    高探马    (T)

Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg  -  Jin Ji Du Li     金鸡独立    (T)

Gong - An Accomplishment or Skill Attained from Effort, Practice, Hard Work, Discipline 

Grand Ultimate Boxing - Taijiquan     (T)  

Guitar -  Pi Pa     

Gu Shen  Valley Spirit  

Hands Closing - He Shou     (T)

Hand Defense and Tame the Tiger  -  Pi Shen Fu Hu    [#36]   (T)

Hands, Hands -  Shou    

Hand Strums the Lute - Shou Hui Pi Pa   手挥琵琶     [#11]     (T)

Hands, Hands -  Shou   手   

He - Close   合   (he2)  

He Shou  -  Close Hands     合手      (T)

Hng  -  Crossing    橫     (X)

Hng Quan  -  Crossing Fist from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists    橫    (X)

He Shou - Closing Hands     [#4, 9, 16, 20, 28, 43, 47, 52, 64]      (T)

Heel Kick  -  Deng Jiao    蹬脚      [#38]   (T)

Heel Kick with Right Heel  -  You Deng Jiao    右蹬脚      [#38]    (T)  

High Pat on Horse - Gao Tan Ma   高探马    [#31]   (T)

Hidden Power  -  An Jin  (X)

High Stance or Posture - Gao Shi  

Hsing I Chuan  -  Mind/Form Boxing, Form Intention, Shape Will, Mind/Will Boxing   形意拳    (X)

Huo Bu Jia Taijiquan  -  The Taijiquan Form of the Flowing Steps   (T)

Huo Bu Lan Zha Yi  -  Active Tuck in the Robes   (T)

I Ching - Book of Changes    

Internal Martial Arts - Nei Jia Quan

Jade Girl Working with Shuttles  -  Yu Nu Chuan Suo    玉女穿梭     (T)

Jade Lady Handles the Loom  -  Yu Nu Chuan Suo    玉女穿梭   (T)

Ji - Press, Squeeze     

JIan, Chien, Gim  -  Sword (Straight)        

Jian Bu Da Chui  (jin4 bu4 zai1 chui2)  -  Step Forward, Punch Low    进步栽锤    (T)

Jin B Bān Ln Chui  [jin4 bu4 ban1 lan2 chui2]  - Advance, Parry and Punch   进步搬拦捶    (T)

Jin Bu Bi Gen, Che Bu Bi Sui  -  Step Forward or Back, Follow with Other Foot Close By

Jin Ji Du Li  -  Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg    金鸡独立    (T)

Jump Step and Punch Down, Step Forward, Punch Low - Jian Bu Da Chui    进步栽锤    [#34]    (T)

Kai He Huo Bu Taijiquan - The Opening Closing Active Step Taijiquan Form    (T) 

Kai  开  -  Open

Kai Shou - Open Hands, Opening Hands    开手  (開手)    (T)

Kao - Shoulder Stroke, Leaning 

Kick Toe, Kick Foot -  Fen Jiao   分脚    [#32, 33, 37]     (T)

Ku Shen  Valley Spirit  

Lan Zha Yi - Leisurely Tying Clothes, Lazily Tucking in Coat, Tuck in Robes
    
懶扎衣    (lăn zhā yī)     [#2, 18, 26, 45, 50, 62]          (T)

Lazily Tying Clothes - Lan Zha Yi    懶扎衣     [#2, 18, 26, 45, 50, 62]    (T)

Left Brush Knee and Twist Steps on Both Sides - Zuo Lou Xi Ao Bu   左搂膝拗步    (T)

Left Hand - Zou Shou  

Left, Left (Side)  - Zou  

Leisurely Tying Clothes - Lan Zha Yi    懶扎衣    [#2, 18, 26, 45, 50, 62]   (T)

Le - Rend  

Lift, Lifting -  Ti    提

Lift Hands and Step Up  -  Ti Shou Shang Shi   提手上势     [#6]     (T)  

Lifting Hands -  Ti Shou   提手     [#6]      (T)

Li Jin, Li Qi, Li  -  Muscular Power 

Lou Zi Ao Bu  [lou1 xi1 ao3 bu4]  - Brush Knee and Twist Step   搂膝拗步   [#10, 17, 25, 44,]    (T)

Lu - Rollback, Pull

Muscular Power - Li Qi or Jin 

Nei Gong, Nei Kung  -  Breathing Exercises    內功

Nei Jia Quan - Internal Martial Arts, IMA, Chinese Taoist Influenced Martial Arts  

No Extremity, Undifferentiated, Emptiness, Chaos  -  Wuji  

Open  -  Kai 

Open Hands, Opening Hands, Separate Hands  -  Kai Shou   开手   [#3, 8, 15, 19, 27, 42, 46, 51, 63]    (T)

Opening and Closing Hands - Kai He Shou     (T)  

Opening Closing Active Step Taijiquan Form - Kai He Huo Bu Taijiquan     (T)

Opening Hands - Kai Shou      [#3, 8, 15, 19, 27, 42, 46, 51, 63]      (T)

Po  -  Pounding, Pound           (X)   

Po  Quan  -  Pounding Fist from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists         (X)

Parting the Wild Horse's Mane - Ye Ma Fen Zong     (T)

Peng - Ward Off, Blocking   

 -  Splitting, Split, Split Like an Axe    劈    (X)

 Quan  -  Splitting Fist, Split from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists    劈    (X)

Pi Pa  -  Lute, Guitar    

Pi Shen Fu Hu  -  Tame the Tiger and Hand Defense, Diagonal Subdue Tiger    (T)

Play the Pi Pa, Lute, Guitar, Zither  -  Shou Hui Pi Pa   手挥琵琶       [#11]    (T)

Pluck - Cai   

Pounding  -  Po     炮     (X)

Pounding Fist  -  Po  Quan from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists         (X)

Press - Ji

Pressing, Stamping - An  

Push, Press, Control, Restrain  -  An   

Push Down - Xia Shi    下势    (T)

Pushing Hands - T'ui Shou   推手

Qi - Energy, Life Force, Power, Aliveness 

Qi  -  Starting, Rise, Raise Up  (qĭ)          

Qi Jin  -  Vigorously, Energetically, Enthusiastically    起勁   (qĭ jn)    

Qi Li, Li Qi, Li Jin  -  Muscular Power

Qigong, Chi Kung  -  Energy and Breath Training Work  氣功

Qi Shi - Commencing Form

Relaxation, Openness, Calm Awareness  -  Song, Sung       

Rend - Le  

Reverse, Twisted Stance  -  Ao Bu    拗步    A stance in which the opposite foot and hand are forward, e.g., right foot and left hand are in front of the left foot and right hand. 

Right Brush Knee and Twist Step -  You Lou Xi Ao Bu   右搂膝拗步    (T)

Right (Side), Right  -  You 

Right Hand - You Shou  

Rollback - Lu

Ru Feng Si Bi  [ru2 feng1 si4 bi4]  -  Apparent Close Up, Appearing to Seal and Close, Apparent Close
  
如封似闭
(T)

San Ti - Three Essentials, Trinity Posture (Heaven, Man, Earth) in Sun's Xing I Quan    (X)

San Ti Shi - Three Essentials Form, Trinity Posture (Heaven, Man, Earth) in Sun's Xing I Quan, the basic Xing I Quan posture    (X)

Search High on the Horse, High Pat on Horse - Gao Tan Ma   高探马    [#31]   (T)

Sense of Enemy - Di Yi    

Settle Down the Wrist - Zou Wan     

73 Sun Taijiquan International Standard Competition Form  

Shang Bu Qi Xing   上步七星  -  Stepping Up to the Seven Stars     (T)

Shan Tong Bei  -  Fan Through the Back      扇通背    (T)

Shape-Will Boxing or Form-Mind Boxing - Xing Yi Quan, Hsing I Chuan    形意拳    

Shi  -  Style, Type, Form, Pattern, Rule   (sh, shi4)      

Shou Hui Pi Pa  [shou3 hui1 pi2 pa1]   -  Hand Strums the Lute   手挥琵琶    (T)

Shoulder Stroke - Kao

Single Whip - Dan Bian   单鞭      [#5, 21, 29, 48, 53, 65, 66]    (T)

Song, Sung - Relaxation, Letting Go of Unnecessary Tension     (TX)

Spin, Right Heel Kick  -  Zhuan Shen You Deng Jiao    转身右蹬脚      [#38]      (T)

Splitting, Split, Split Like an Axe -  Pī           (X)

Splitting Fist  -  Pī  Quan  from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists    劈   (X)   

Starting, Rise, Raise Up  -  Qi   (qĭ)          

Step, Stepping - Bu   步    (b)

Step Back and Repulse Monkey  -  Dao Nian Hou      倒撵猴    (T)

Step Back and Whirl Arms - Dao Juan Gong     [#23, 24]

Step Forward or Back, Follow with Other Foot Close By - Jin Bu Bi Gen, Che Bu Bi Sui    (T)

Step Forward, Parry and Punch - Jin Bu Ban Lan Chui    进步搬拦捶    (T)

Step Forward, Punch Low - Jian Bu Da Chui    进步栽锤    [#34]   (T)

Stepping Up to the Seven Stars  -  Shang Bu Qi Xing   上步七星   (T)

Straight and Centered - Zhong Zheng    

Strike, Striking - Da  

Style, Type, Form, Pattern, Rule  -  Shi      

Sun Baguazhang    

Sun Cunzhou (1893-1963)   孫存周   Sun Lu Tang's son 

Sung - Relaxation, Openness, Calm Awareness

Sun Hsing I Chuan     (X)

Sun Jian Yun (1913 - 2003)    孫劍雲    Sun Lu Tang's daughter

Sun Lu Tang (1861-1933)    孫祿堂   

Sun Shurong (1918-2005)  孫淑容   Sun Cunzhou's daughter, Sun Lu Tang's granddaughter 

Sun Style  孫氏  

Sun Style Taijiquan  孫氏太极拳      (T)

Sun Swordsmanship

Sun Taijiquan   

Sun Xing Yi Quan 

Sword (Straight) -  JIan, Chien, Gim         

Sword - Yang Style Taijiquan 55 Movements (In 4 languages)

Sword - Chen Style Taijiquan 49 Movements (In 4 languages)

T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Taijiquan  -  Grand Ultimate Boxing, Boundless Fist   太极拳     (T)

T'ai Chi, Taiji Symbol, Ying/Yang Symbol  -  Taijitu or T'ai Chi T'u   太極圖

Taiji - Grand Ultimate, the Synergy of Yin and Yan 

Tai Ji Quan, Taijiquan, T'ai Chi Ch'uan   太极拳

Taijiquan - Grand Ultimate Boxing, Boundless Fist      (T)

The Taijiquan Form of the Flowing Steps - Huo Bu Jia Taijiquan     (T)   

Taijiquan - 13 Postures of Taijiquan

T'ai Chi T'u or Taijitu  -  Taiji Symbol, Ying/Yang Symbol    太極圖 

Tame the Tiger and Hand Defense  -  Pi Shen Fu Hu    [#36]     (T)

Tao Te Ching, Dao De Jing -  "Book of the Way and Its Virture" by Lao Tzu    道德經

Toe Kick -  Fen Jiao   分脚

Taolu  -  Forms, Solo Forms or Solo Routines   套路

Thirteen Internal Requirements of Taijiquan   

Thirteen Postures of Taijiquan

Ti Shou Shang Shi  [ti2 shou3 shang4 shi4]  -  Lift Hands and Step Up   提手上势    (T)

Toes Kick - Fen Jiao     (T)

Trinity Posture (Heaven, Man, Earth)  -  San Ti Shi   

Tuck in Robes - Lan Zha Yi    懶扎衣    [#2, 18, 26, 45, 50, 62]      (T)

T'ui Shou  -  Pushing Hands    推手   

Turn Body  -  Zhuan Shen    转身     (T)

Turn Body and Lotus Kick - Zhuan Shen Bai Lian     (T)  

Turn Body and Right Heel Kick  -  Zhuan Shen You Deng Jiao    转身右蹬脚      [#38]    (T)

Turn Body and Straddle the Tiger - Pi Shen Fun Hu    (T)      

Turn Over Body and Double Jump Kick  -  Fan Shen Er Qi Jiao     [#35]   (T)

Tui Bu Shan Zhang - Back Step and Wave Palms     

Twist Step, Brush Knee and Push, Left Side - Zuo Lou Xi Ao Bu   左搂膝拗步     (T)

Tying Back the Coat, Tuck in Robes - Lan Zha Yi     [#2, 18, 26]     (T)

Valley Spirit  -  Gu Shen    神  

Vigorously, Energetically, Enthusiastically  -  Qi Jin     起勁   (qĭ jn)    

Ward Off - Peng

Wave Hands Like Clouds - Yun Shou    云手    [#30]   (T)

Whip - Single  -   Dan Bian   单鞭       [#5, 29]    (T)

White Crane Spreads Wings - Bai He Liang Chi   白鹤凉翅     [#7]      (T)

White Swan (Goose, Crane) Spreads Its Wings - Bai He Liang Chi   白鹤凉翅    (T)  

Wuji - No Extremity, Stillness and Quiet, Without Characteristics, Chaos, Emptiness, Undifferentiated   

Wuji - Taiji  -  Opening Movement, Commencement    [#1]    (T)

Xia Shi  -  Push Down     下势

Xie  -  Diagonal, Slant, Oblique    斜   

Xie Dan Bian  -  Diagonal Single Whip    斜单鞭    [#48]     (T)

Xing Yi Quan - Form-Mind Boxing, Form-Intention, Shape/Will, Mind/Will Internal Martial Arts    形意拳

Ye Ma Fen Zong - Parting the Wild Horse's Mane    (T)

Yin/Yang Symbol, Taiji Symbol, Tai Chi Emblem  -  T'ai Chi T'u or Taijitu    太極圖

You  [you4]   - Right (Side)      

You Shou - Right Hand 

Yu Nu Chuan Suo  -  Fair Lady Works the Shuttles    玉女穿梭    (T)

Yun Shou - Wave Hands Like Clouds, Waving Hands in the Clouds    云手    (T)

Yu Nu Chuan Suo - Jade Girl Working with Shuttles    (T)   

Zhong Ding - Central Equilibrium, Central Stabilitiy, Centeredness   

Zhong Zheng - Straight and Centered   

Zhou - Elbow, Elbowing   

Zhou Di Kan Chui  [zhou3 di3 (kan4) chui2]  -  Fist Under Elbow   肘底捶   (T)

Zhuan Shen Bai Lian - Turn Body and Lotus Kick     (T)   

Zhuan Shen You Deng Jiao  -  Spin, Right Heel Kick   转身右蹬脚      [#38]   (T)

Zou  [zuo3]  - Left (Side), Left   左

Zhou Di Kan Chui - Fist Under Elbow   肘底捶     (T)

Zhou Di Kan Quan - Fist Under Elbow   肘底捶     (T)

Zhuan Shen  (zhuan3 shen1)  -  Turn Body    转身     (T)

Zuo Lou Xi Ao Bu - Brush Knee and Push Left Side   左搂膝拗步    (T)

Zou Shou - Left Hand, Left Fist 

Zou Wan - Settle Down the Wrist  

Zuān  -  Drilling, Drill      鑽    (X)

Zuān Quan  -  Drilling Fist, Drill from Xing Yi Quan's Five Fists          (X)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dictionaries and Glossaries
Chinese Internal Martial Arts
Bibliographies, Links, Resources

T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Qigong, Hsing I Quan, Baguazhang, Kung Fu, WuShu, Daoism, Shaolin, Wudang, Weapons

 


Chen Style Taijiquan Glossary 


Chinese Character Dictionary   Search by English, Pinyin, Cantonese, and Chinese Character.   A variety of print options. 


Dictionary of Chinese Martial Arts Terms: Wushu Dictionary.   Prepared by Falk, Andrea, M.S.   HTML and PDF Versions. 


Dictionary of Chinese Internal Martial Arts   By Mike Garofalo.  Emphasis upon the Neijiquan of Sun Lu Tang.   


The Competition Routine of Sun Style Taijiquan.  Zhong Shan, Chief Editor.  Wu Don, Executive Editor.  Li Wei, Editor of English Version.  Published in Beijing, China, 2003.  151 pages.  ISBN: 7537720851. 


David Brent Wolfe Dictionary of Martial Arts Terms 


Daoist Studies Glossary  


Falk, Andrea, M.S.   Dictionary of Chinese Martial Arts Terms: Wushu Dictionary.   HTML and PDF Versions. 


Glossary


Glossary of Chinese Terms, Names and Phrases   Magic Tortoise School of Taijiquan   Prepared by Almanzo "Lao Ma" Lamoureux


Glossary of Common Tai Chi and Kung Fu Terms   Prepared by Dragon Studios  


Glossary of Spirituality Related Terms - Wikipedia


Google Search:   Chinese Martial Arts Dictionaries,


Hsing I Chuan Glossary 
 

MDBG Chinese-English Dictionary  


Sun Lu Tang (1861-1933)


Sun Style Taijiquan: Bibliography, Links, Resources, Quotes, Notes


A Study of Taijiquan.   By Sun Lutang.  Translated by Tim Cartmell.  North Atlantic Books, 2003.  160 pages.  ISBN:  1556434626. 


Taichichuan.Co.UK Glossary


Tai Chi Glossary   Chinese Kung Fu Association  


Tai Chi Glossary    By Ron Perfetti  


Traditional Yang Style Tai Chi Chuan 104 Movement Hand Form   List of postures. 


Village Laojia YiLu Posture Names, Chen Taijiquan


Wikipedia - Glossary of Spirituality Related Terms


Wolfe, David Brent.   David Brent Wolfe Dictionary of Martial Arts Terms, 2004  "When possible, terms are given in Mandarin (Hanyu) pinyin spelling. The older spelling of the Wade Giles method is used when it is the more commonly known version. For some terms the most common version is given in Cantonese."
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z


Wushu Dictionary:  Dictionary of Chinese Martial Arts Terms.   Prepared by Falk, Andrea, M.S.   HTML and PDF Versions. 


Xing Yi Quan Xue: The Study of Form-Mind Boxing.   By Sun Lu Tang.  Translated by Albert Liu.  Compiled and edited by Dan Miller.  Burbank, CA, Unique Publications, 2000.  312 pages.  ISBN: 0865681856. 


Yang, Jwing Ming, Ph.D.  Master Yang has published over 30 books.  Many of his books include invaluable glossaries.  YMAA.


 

 

 

 

 

Eight Trigrams (Bagua)  

Eight Doors of Taijiquan
Thirteen Internal Requirements or Forces or Jins of Taijiquan

Research and Interpretations by Mike Garofalo 

 

 

Eight Trigrams Chart by Mike Garofalo

 

 

 

Eight Trigrams
General Attributes, Associations, Meanings
Research and Interpretations by Mike Garofalo

 

Trigram
Symbol

Eastern
Cosmos

Five Elements
五行
Wǔxng


Internal
Martial
Arts
 

Other

                   

1


Chien
Qin


Heaven
South
Summer

 

Metal, Sky
West
White Tiger
Lung, Taste
Father
Force
Cai
Pluck
Pick
 
1
                 
2

Sun
Xn


Wind

 
Wood
East
Blue Dragon
Liver, Sight
Oldest Sister
Ground
Ko
Shoulder Stroke
Leaning
 
 
2
            
3


K'an

Water
West
Autumn
 

Water
North
Black Tortoise
Kidney, Touch
Second Daughter
Gorge
Png
Ward Off
Blocking
 
3
         
4


Ken

Gn


Mountain
 
Earth
Center
Yellow Dragon
Spleen. Smell
First Daughter
Bound
Zhou
Elbow
Elbowing
 
4
                   
5


K'un

Kūn

Earth
North
Winter
 

Earth
Center
Yellow Dragon
Spleen, Smell
Mother
Field
Le
Rend
5
                  
6

Chen
Zhn


Thunder
 

Wood
East
Blue Dragon
Liver, Sight
Oldest Brother
Shake
Ji
Press
Squeeze
 
6
               
7


Li

Fire
Spring
East
 

Fire
South
Red Phoenix
Heart, Sound
Second Son
Radiance
Lu
Rollback
Pull
7
         
8

Tui
Du


Lake
Valley
Irrigated
Field
Swamp
 

Metal, Lake
West
White Tiger
Lung, Taste
First Son
Open
An
Push

 
 

8

 

                   .  
Five Directions of Taijiquan
 
          .

Jin
Advance
Move Forward
 
Metal      
Tui
Retreat
Move Backward
 
Wood      
Zou Gu
Gaze Left
Looking Left
 
Water      
You Pan
Gaze Right
Looking Right

 

Fire      
Zhong Ding
Central Equilibrium
Centered
Earth      
. . . . .

 

 

 

The Five Fists of Xingyiquan
 

  Chinese Pinyin Element

    Description

Splitting Metal Like an axe chopping up and over.
Pounding Po Fire Exploding outward like a cannon while blocking.
Drilling Zuān Water Drilling forward horizontaly like a geyser.
Crossing Hng Earth Crossing across the line of attack while turning over.
Crushing Bēng Wood Arrows constantly exploding forward.

Xingyiquan - Wikipedia

 

 


 

 

Sun Style of Tai Chi Chuan

Research by
Michael P. Garofalo

 


Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Michael P. Garofalo, Red Bluff, California

 

 

Cloud Hands - Yun Shou

Cloud Hands Website

 

Michael P. Garofalo's E-mail

 

Red Bluff, Tehama County, North Sacramento Valley, Northern California, U.S.A.
Cities in the area: Oroville, Paradise, Durham, Chico, Hamilton City, Orland, Corning,
Rancho Tehama, Los Molinos, Tehama, Proberta, Gerber, Manton, Cottonwood, 
Anderson, Shasta Lake, Palo Cedro, and Redding, CA, California


Cloud Hands Blog

Valley Spirit Taijiquan

 

Michael P. Garofalo, 2007, All Rights Reserved 

This document was first published on the Internet in April, 2007.

Biography of Michael P. Garofalo

Green Way Research

 

 

Qigong: Links and Bibliography 

Sun Style of Tai Chi Chuan 

Sun Lu Tang  (1861-1933)

Cloud Hands: T'ai Chi Ch'uan and Chi Kung Website

Chen Style Taijiquan and Qigong  

Cloud Hands Blog

Green Way Research 

Valley Spirit Taijiquan, Red Bluff, California 

Disclaimer

Fitness and Well Being

Detailed Index to the Cloud Hands Website