Ethics, Values, Moral Judgments

Practical Reasoning about the Behaviors and Attitudes Regarding Good and Bad, Right and Wrong, Pleasures and Pains
Goodness, Virtues, Morals, Customs, Societal Norms, Justice, Fairness, Utilitarianism, Codes of Conduct, Happiness

Research by Michael P. Garofalo
Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Red Bluff, California


Virtue Ethics     How to Live a Good Life: Advice from Wise Persons     Epicureanism     Stoicism

Bibliography     Quotations     Cloud Hands Blog     Green Way Research Index




Bibliography, Links, Resources

Practical Reasoning about the Behaviors and Attitudes Regarding Good and Bad, Right and Wrong, Pleasures and Pains
Goodness, Virtues, Morals, Customs, Societal Norms, Justice, Fairness, Utilitarianism, Codes of Conduct, Happiness


I favor ethical views from authors that emphasize viewpoints such as hedonism, utilitarianism, Epicureanism, liberalism, liberty, pragmatism, democracy, skepticism, practicality, empiricism, secularism, reasoning, humanism, Enlightenment, science, etc.  If you favor theocracy, conservatism, religious codes of conduct, revelation, absolutism, authoritarian societies, clerics, believing, and idealism, then you will not find any material of interest to you on this webpage. 

These are books I am reading, studying, or have read that are in my home library in Red Bluff, California. 
Books in my home library at the Valley Spirit Center are coded "VSCL." 

This list is arranged by the titles of the books or webpages. 
To search by author or topics, press the Ctrl+F keys to open the search box. 




The Age of Atheists: How We Have Sought to Live Since the Death of God.  By Peter Watson.  Simon and Schuster, 2014.  640 pages.  ISBN:  978-1476754314.  VSCL. 

The Albert Ellis Reader: A Guide to Well-Being Using Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy.  Edited by Albert Ellis and Shawn Blau.  New York, Citadel Press, Kensington Pub., 1998.  Index, bibliography, notes, 375 pages.  ISBN: 0806520329.  VSCL.  

Anarchy, State and Utopia.  By Robert Nozick.  Basic Books, 1974, 2nd Edition, 2013.  Index, bibliography, notes, 400 pages.  ISBN: 978-0465051007.  "Translated into 100 languages, winner of the National Book Award, and named one of the 100 Most Influential Books since World War II by the Times Literary SupplementAnarchy, State and Utopia remains one of the most theoretically trenchant and philosophically rich defenses of economic liberalism to date, as well as a foundational text in classical libertarian thought."  Professor Nozick argues for the primacy of the individual, individual rights and liberties, acceptance of inequality, and a minimalist government (i.e., military, police, and courts).  Those who support the Tea Party agenda would agree with Nozick.  VSCL. 

Aristotle (384–322 BCE)   Information on Aristotle:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.  

Aristotle.  The Basic Works of Aristotle.  Edited with an Introduction by Richard McKeon.  New York, Random House, 1941.  1487 pages.  VSCL. 

The Art of Happiness.  By Epicurus.  Translation, introduction, and commentary by George K. Strodach.  A foreword by Daniel Klein,  Penguin Classics, Reissue edition, 2012.  272 pages.  ISBN:  978-0143107217.

Atheist Manifesto: The Case Against Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.  By Michel Onfray.  Translated from the French by Jeremy Leggatt.  New York Arcade Publishing, 2005, 2011.  ISBN: 10161145008X.  Annotated bibliography, 246 pages.  A lucid, strong, well reasoned, insightful, and stylish presentation.  Excellent explication of the French and European writing on atheism, anti-clericalism, irreligion, deconstruction of religions, and anti-fascism.  VSCL.

Ataraxia   A lucid state of robust tranquility.  A calm and tranquil state of mind cultivated by the Skeptics and Stoics. 




Beauty - Pleasures

Jeremy Bentham, 15 February 1748 - 6 June 1832, was a British philosopher, jurist, and social reformer.  "He is regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.  He strongly endorsed acting on the principle that "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong."  He became a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and a political radical whose ideas influenced the development of welfarism.  He advocated individual and economic freedom, the separation of church and state, freedom of expression, equal rights for women, the right to divorce, and the decriminalising of homosexual acts.  He called for the abolition of slavery, the abolition of the death penalty, and the abolition of physical punishment, including that of children.  He has also become known in recent years as an early advocate of animal rights.  Though strongly in favour of the extension of individual legal rights, he opposed the idea of natural law and natural rights, calling them "nonsense upon stilts".  Bentham's students included his secretary and collaborator James Mill, the latter's son, John Stuart Mill, the legal philosopher John Austin, as well as Robert Owen, one of the founders of utopian socialism." - Wikipedia

Bentham, Jeremy   Principles of Morals and Legislation,  1789. 

Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832)  Information:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Wikipedia Encyclopedia Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life.  By Kurt Lampe.  Princeton University Press, 2015.  Index, bibliography, notes, references, 277 pages.   ISBN: 978-0691161136.  VSCL. 

The Birth of Pleasure.  By Carol Gilligan.  Vintage, Reprint edition, 2003.  272 pages.  A discussion of love.  ISBN: 9780679759430. 

The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.  Edited with an introduction by Richard Kraut.  Wiley-Blackwell, 2006 pages.  396 pages.  ISBN: 978-1405120210. 

Bohemian Lifestyle

Bohemian Manifesto: A Field Guide to Living on the Edge  By Laren Stover.  New York, Bulfinch Press, 2004.  271 pages.  ISBN: 9780821228906.  A lighthearted and free flowing discussion of the five variations of Bohemians (Nouveau, Gypsy, Beat, Zen and Dandy) and of Bohemian philosophy generally.  VSCL. 

Broadmindedness, Openess.  Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon.  By Daniel Dennett.  New York, Penguin Books, 2006.  Index, bibliography, notes, appendices, 448 pages.  ISBN: 978-0143038337.  Read in 2014.  Focused on how and why religion emerged, and on Christianity in America.   VSCL.   

Buddhism   Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo. 








The Cambridge Companion to Epicureanism.  By James Warren.  Cambridge University Press, 2009.  356 pages.  Cambridge Companions to Philosophy.  ISBN: 978-0521695305. 

Carnal Alchemy, Sexual Magick

Carnal Philosophy: Ethics, Aesthetics, and Erotics  By Julien Offray de La Mettrie.  Translated from the French by Kirk Watson.  Amazon Digital, 2015.  32 pages.  ASIN: B014RGHWZI.  Kindle Format.  VSCL. 

Cheerfulness   Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Cloud Hands Blog   By Mike Garofalo. 

The Compass of Pleasure: How Our Brains Make Fatty Foods, Orgasm, Exercise, Marijuana, Generosity, Vodka, Learning, and Gambling Feel So Good.  By David J. Linden.  Penguin Books, Reprint Edition 2012.  240 pages.  ISBN: 9780143120759. 

The Conquest of Happiness   By Bertrand Russell.  Introduction by Daniel Dennett.  Liveright, 1930, 2013.  224 pages.  ISBN: 9780871406736.  VSCL. 

Contemplation Pleasures

Cynicism.  Wikipedia

The Cynic Philosophers: From Diogenes to Julian.  Translated with an introduction by Robert Dobbin.  New York, Penguin Classics, Reprint 2013.  Notes, glossary, 352 pages.  ISBN: 978-0141192222.  VSCL. 

The Cyrenaics  By Ugo Zilioli.  Routledge, 2014.  240 pages.  ISBN: 9781844657636.  

Cyrenaics  Aristippus and the Pursuit of Pleasure 

Cyrenaics   Aristippus of Cyrene (435 BCE – 356 BCE) was the founder of the Cyrenaic school of Philosophy.  The school was was located in the ancient Greco-Roman city of Cyrene; with the ruins of this ancient city lying in a lush valley in present day Libya. 'Aristippus was a pupil of Socrates, but adopted a very different philosophical outlook, teaching that the goal of life was to seek pleasure by adapting circumstances to oneself and by maintaining proper control over both adversity and prosperity.  Among his pupils was his daughter Arete.' ....  Cyrene lies in a lush valley in the Jebel Akhdar uplands in Libya. The city was named after a spring, Kyre, which the Greeks consecrated to Apollo. It was also the seat of the Cyrenaics, a famous school of philosophy in the 3rd century BC, founded by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates. It was then nicknamed the "Athens of Africa." ' 

Cyrenaics - The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life.  By Kurt Lampe.  Princeton University Press, 2014.  304 pages.  ISBN: 978-0691161136. 

Cyrenaics Handbook  Compiled, annotated and edited by Frank Redmond.  The Cyrenaic School was founded by Aristippus of Cyrene (435 BCE - 356 BCE).  Menin Web and Print Publishing, 2012, 5th Edition.  92 pages.  ASIN: B009XZ9T3M.  Cyrene was a Greco-Roman settlement in North Africa, in current day Libya.  'This handbook contains the lives, writings, and doctrines of the Cyrenaic school by compiling together the primary sources of the material. It is not a summary or analysis of the Cyrenaic school.  Rather it provides all of the (open and available) references to the Cyrenaic school within the ancient texts. Its main function is to put together in one place all of the disparate references spread across the Internet and libraries into one book.  It is designed for the scholar and for the student.  The scholar can use this resource to save time by having everything ready in one place.  All references are taken from copyright-expired texts or open source (free) texts from places like Gutenberg and'  VSCL. 

The Cyrenaics on Pleasure, Happines, and Future Concern.   By Tim O'Keefe. 

Cyrenaics - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy 

Cyrenaics - Wikipedia   

Cyrenaics Resources   By Lucian of Samosata Wiki.  Many ancient texts cited. 

Cyrenaics Resouces



Advice     Beauty     Bibliography     Blog     Body-Mind     Broad Minded     Cheerfulness       

Contemplation     Desires     Dharmapada Sutra     Education     Epicureanism     Equanimity    

Feeling     Fitness     Five Senses     Friendship     Gardening     Generosity 

Happiness     Hedonism    Hospitality     Independence     Kindness    Learning     Links    

Meditation     Memory     Mindfulness     Moderation     Open Minded     Paramitas    

Patience     Philosophy     Play     Pleasures     Qigong     Reading     Self-Reliance    

Sensory Pleasures     Simplicity     Solitude    Somaesthetics     Stoicism    Taijiquan    

Tao Te Ching     Thinking     Tolerance     Touching     Tranquility    Vigor     Vision    

Walking     Willpower     Wisdom     Wonder     Zen Precepts      





Daodejing by Laozi 

Decadent Movemen in Art and Literature  

In Defence of Sensuality  By John Cowper Powys.  Faber and Faber, 2011.  Originally published in 1930.  290 pages.  ISBN: 978-0571275403. 

Different Loving: The World of Sexual Dominance and Submission.  By William Brame, Gloria Brame, and Jon Jacobs.   Villard, 1996.  560 pages.  ISBN: 9780679769569.  VSCL. 

Diogenes of Oinoanda and Epicurean Thought

Doctrines and Sayings of Epicurus

Doctrines of Epicureanism

Druids, Druidry, and Neo-Paganism  Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo. 





Ecstatic Body Postures: An Alternate Reality Workbook.  By Belinda Gore.  Foreword by Felicitas Goodman.  Santa Fe,  New Mexico, Bear and Company, 1995.  Endnotes, 284 pages.  ISBN: 1879181223.  VSCL. 

Egoism:  Stanford Encyclopedia of PhilosophyWikipedia EncyclopediaInternet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Egoism - Ethical

Elemental Epicureanism Website.  General resources, physics, canonics, ethics, 12 Elementals, 40 Doctrines. 

Elemental Epicureanism.  Edited by Cassius Amicus.  Amazon Digital Services, Kindle Version, $0.99, 2013.  426 pages.  ASIN: B00FLRJ80A.  VSCL. 

The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason  By Sam Harris.  W. W. Norton, 2005.  348 pages.  ISBN: 978-0393327656.  I've read this book twice. VSCL. 

Enlightened Pleasures: Eighteenth-Century France and the New Epicureanism  By Thomas M. Kavanagh.  Yale University Press, 2010.  264 pages.  ISBN: 9780300140940. 

Epicurean Ethics: Katastematic Hedonism (Studies in the History of Philosophy)  By Peter Preuss.  Studies in the History of Philosophy Series, Book 35.  Edwin Mellen Press, 1994.  288 pages.  ISBN: 978-0773491243. 

Epicurean Simplicity  By Stephanie Mills.  Washington, Shearwater Books, Island Press, 2002.  207 pages.  ISBN: 9781559636902.  VSCL. 

The Epicurean Tradition  By Howard Jones.  Routledge, Reprint Edition, 1992.  288 pages.  ISBN: 9780415075541. 

Epicureanism.  By Tim O'Keefe.  University of California Press, 2009.  A good introduction to Epicureanism.  Covers the three Epicurean essentials:  Physics/Metaphysics, Cannonical/Epistemological/Knowing, and Ethics.  Ancient Philosophies Series.  224 pages.  ISBN: 978-0520264717.  Brief chronology.  VSCL.  

Epicureanism - Wikipedia, 2015     " Only a few fragments and letters of Epicurus's 300 written works remain.  Much of what is known about Epicurean philosophy derives from later followers and commentators.  For Epicurus, the purpose of philosophy was to attain the happy, tranquil life, characterized by ataraxia—peace and freedom from fear—and aponia—the absence of pain—and by living a self-sufficient life surrounded by friends. He taught that pleasure and pain are measures of what is good and evil; death is the end of both body and soul and should therefore not be feared; the gods neither reward nor punish humans; the universe is infinite and eternal; and events in the world are ultimately based on the motions and interactions of atoms moving in empty space."

Epicureanism after Epicurus: The Influence of Epicurus on Western Thought.  By Robert Hanrott. 

Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity  By Catherine Wilson.  Oxford University Press, 2008.  320 pages.  ISBN:  978-0199238811.  A study of Epicurean influences on many of the ideas that pervaded seventeenth and eighteenth century metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and natural and political philosophy.

Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction   By Catherine Wilson.  Oxford University Press, 2016.  144 pages.  ISBN: 9780199688326. 

Epicureans  Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo. 

Epicureans and Hedonists: Bibliography, Links, Quotations, Notes, Sayings, Pointers.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo - Hypertext Notebooks


Epicurus, 341 - 270 BCE.  Founder of the Greek philosophical school of Epicureanism in Athens, Greece, at "The Garden." 

Epicurus, 341 - 270 BCE.  Founder of the Greek philosophical school of Epicureanism in Athens, Greece, at "The Garden." 

Epicurus (341-270 BCE)  Information on Epicurus:  Stanford Encyclopedia of PhilosophyWikipedia Encyclopedia Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Epicurus, 341-270 BCE   History, biography, views of the Epircurean School.    The Art of Happiness. 

Epicurus   Birthday, Celebration in Honor of Epicurus

Epicurus   The Sanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2015.  "Epicurus joined his father in Colophon, on the coast of what is now Turkey, in around 321 BCE. Here he studied philosophy under the tutelage of Nausiphanes, a Democritean philosopher with skeptical leanings.  Ten years later, Epicurus moved to Mytilene on the island of Lesbos, and soon proceeded to Lampsacus on the nearby mainland; in both cities he taught and gathered followers before returning again to Athens in 307 BCE, where he remained until his death in 270, at the age of seventy-one. In Athens, he had purchased the property that became known as the “Garden” (later used as a name for his school itself) and began to develop his own school in earnest." 

Epicurus and Epicurean Philosophy   Created by Vincent Cook. A good list of online classical texts useful to Epicureans. Excellent historical summary. Good information on resources.  

Epicurus and the Epicurean Tradition  Edited by Jeffrey Fish and Kirk R. Sanders.  Cambridge University Press, 2015.  280 pages.  ISBN: 9781107526471. 

Epicurus Blog: Moderation, Enjoyment of Life, Tranquility, Friendship, Lack of Fear.  By Robert Hanrott.

Epicurus: The Art of Happiness.  By Epicurus.  Translation, introduction, and commentary by George K. Strodach.  A foreword by Daniel Klein.  New York, Penguin Classics, Reissue edition, 2012.  Index, bibliography, notes, 251 pages.  ISBN:  978-0143107217.  "The teachings of Epicurus—about life and death, religion and science, physical sensation, happiness, morality, and friendship—attracted legions of adherents throughout the ancient Mediterranean world and deeply influenced later European thought. Though Epicurus faced hostile opposition for centuries after his death, he counts among his many admirers Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Jefferson, Karl Marx, and Isaac Newton. This volume includes all of his extant writings—his letters, doctrines, and Vatican sayings—alongside parallel passages from the greatest exponent of his philosophy, Lucretius, extracts from Diogenes Laertius' Life of Epicurus, a lucid introductory essay about Epicurean philosophy, and a foreword by Daniel Klein, author of Travels with Epicurus."   VSCL. 

Epicurus:  Epicurus Ethical Theory: The Pleasures of Invulnerability.  By Philip Mitsis.  Cornnell University Press, 1989.  Cornell Studies in Classical Philology Series, Book 48.  198 pages.  ISBN: 978-0801421877. 

Epicurus:  The Epicurus Reader: Selected Writings and Testimonia.   Translated by Brad Inwood with an introduction by Lloyd P. Gerson.  Hackett Classics.   Hackett Pub. Co., 1994.  128 pages.  ISBN: 9780872202412. 

Epicurus:  The Essential Epicurus  Translated with an introduction by Eugene O'Connor.  Letters, Principal Doctrines, Vatican Sayings, and Fragments.  New York, Promethus Books, Great Books in Philosophy, 1993.  101 pages.  ISBN: 0879758104.  VSCL. 

Equanimity:  Quotations, Sayings, Poems, Notes.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Equanimity.  Wikipedia.   The Greek stoics use the word apatheia whereas the Roman stoics used the Latin word aequanimitas.

The Essential Epicurus  Translated with an introduction by Eugene O'Connor.  Letters, Principal Doctrines, Vatican Sayings, and Fragments.  New York, Promethus Books, Great Books in Philosophy, 1993.  101 pages.  ISBN: 0879758104.  VSCL. 

Ethical Egoism - Wikipedia Encyclopedia

Ethical Egoism - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Ethical Egoism - Google Search 

Ethics - Wikipedia 

Ethics: The Essential Writings.  Edited with an introduction by Gordon Marino.  New York, Modern Library, 2010.  Sources, 611 pages.  ISBN: 978-0812977783.  VSCL. 

Ethics for the New Millennium.  By His Holiness the Dali Lama.  New York, Riverhead Books, 2001.  237 pages.  ISBN: 9781573228831.  VSCL. 

Ethics: History, Theory, Contemporary Issues.  By Steven M. Cahn and Peter Markie.  Oxford University Press, 5th Edition, 2011.  992 pages.  ISBN: 9780199797264.  VSCL. 

The Ethics of Philodemus  By Voula Tsouna.  Clarendon Press, 2008.  280 pages.  ISBN: 9780199292172.  "Voula Tsouna presents a comprehensive study of the ethics of the Epicurean philosopher Philodemus, who taught Virgil, influenced Horace, and was praised by Cicero. His works have only recently become available to modern readers, through the decipherment of a papyrus carbonized by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD.  Tsouna examines Philodemus' theoretical principles in ethics, his contributions to moral psychology, his method, his conception of therapy, and his therapeutic techniques."

Ethics: The Essential Writings.  Edited by Gordon Marino.  New York, Modern Library Classics, 2010.  640 pages.  ISBN: 9780812977783.  VSCL. 

Exercise - Pleasures




Feldman, Fred, Ph.D.   Utilitarianism, Hedonism, and Desert: Essays in Moral Philosophy, 1997.    Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature, Varieties, and Plausibility of Hedonism, 2006.      What Is This Thing Called Happiness? 2012.

A Few Days in Athens: The Friends of Epicurus Edition   By Frances Wright. Foreword and Study Guide by Hiram Crespo.  A didactic novel.  Originally published in 1821.  CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2015.  276 pages.  "Frances Wright was an author, a feminist, a humanist, a naturalist philosopher and--like her friend Thomas Jefferson--a disciple of Epicurus.  In this didactic novel, she bears witness to the noble philosophy and materialist ethics of personal happiness that nurtured them both.  A Few Days in Athens is a challenge to cultivate a mind without bias, to hold truth in high regard, to honor the innocence of others, and to love the wholesome virtues and human values within an entirely secular context.  It is a rare pearl in the treasure of the intellectual legacy of the West."   ISBN: 9781507709061.

Fitness - Pleasures 

The Five Senses 

The Four Agreements.  By Don Miguel Ruiz.  Amber-Allen Pub., 1997.  160 pages.   ISBN: 978-1878424310. 

The Four Horsemen of the New Atheism (Free Thought):  Richard Dawkins, 1941-; Daniel Dennett, 1942-; Sam Harris, 1967-; Christopher Hitchens, 1949-2011; and, now, possibly, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, 1949-. 

The Five Senses and Mind   Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo.  

Free Thought Luminaries, Heroes, Leaders, Brave One:  At one level of my life-stance or worldview is a deep respect and support for logic, pragmatism, naturalism, facts, reasoning, objectivity, verifiability, repeatability, coherent theories, open-mindedness, prediction, mathematics, and statistical methods.  All of these methods, of course, are the hallmarks of the physical and biological sciences, pure and applied sciences, pragmatism, and modern technology.  At this level I am a free-thinker who shares many of the philosophical and non-religious views so persuasively and emphatically expressed by Dan Barker, Jeremy Bentham, Luther Burbank, André Comte-Sponville, Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, John Dewey, Albert Ellis, Epicurus, A.C. Grayling, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens, Baron d'Holbach, David HumeThomas Jefferson, Robert Ingersoll, Paul Kurtz, Corliss Lamont, John Stuart Mill, Friedrich Nietzsche, Thomas Paine, Madalyn Murray O'Hair, Ayn Rand, Richard Rorty, Bertrand Russell, Carl Sagan, George Smith, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and many other intelligent, hard working, courageous, forthright, dynamic, honest, fulfilled, and wise persons.  These free-thinkers give me hope! 

Freethinkers: A History of American Secularism.  By Susan Jacoby.  Holt, 2004.  448 pages.  ISBN: 978-0805077766.  VSCL. 

Friendship: Quotations, Sayings, Wisdom, Poetry, Aphorisms, Virtues.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo. 

From Pain to Pleasure: The Proven Pathway to Happiness: Epicurean Happiness Guidance  By Stefan G. Strietferdt.  CreateSpace Independent Pub., 2011.  116 pages.  ISBN: 9781463587604. 

Fundamentalists of Christian, Islamic, and Hindu Persuasion.  Count on them to want to demonize and punish those who disagree with their religious beliefs.  They support making their own moral, social and religious views the law of the land.  These fellows are often enemies of Free Thought:  Steven Andrew, David Barton, Jerry Falwell, Billy Graham, Ayatolla Ruhollah Khomeini, David LaneSayyid Qutb, most Popes, Pat Robertson, Oral Roberts, Rick Warren, Birgham Young








Gardening  Over 3,500 quotations arranged by over 150 topics.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo.  Epicurus taught in Athens at "The Garden."  At the entrance to his "Garden" was a sign with the words "Stranger, here you do well to tarry; here our highest good is pleasure."  Gardening has provided me with many pleasures over my lifetime. 

Gardening and Spirituality.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo. 

Garofalo, Michael P.  Green Way Research Master Subject Index

Garofalo, Michael P.  My Own View on Organized Religion and Theology  

Garofalo, Michael P.  Pulling Onions.  Over 850 quips, observations, ideas, and one-liners. 

Gassendi, Pierre (1592-1655) 

Gassendi's Epicurus   Epicurus: His Life and Works, 1660, by Petrus Gassendi.  Gassendi's complete book on Epicurus in PDF Format. 

The God Argument: The Case against Religion and for Humanism.  By A. C. Grayling.  Bloomsbury, 2014.  288 pages.  ISBN: 978-1620401927. 

The God Delusion.   By Richard Dawkins.  Mariner Books, Houghton Mifflin, 2006, 2008.  Index, notes, bibliography, appendices, 463 pages.  ISBN: 978-0618918249.  VSCL.  A bold, incisive, convincing, and clear minded critique of religious beliefs and religions and their negative and pernicious impact on our communities, societies, nations, and the world.  I've read this book more than twice, and find it uplifting, brave, and to the point.  His analysis of the negative social and moral effects of religion are accurate.  VSCL.   

God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything.  By Christopher Hitchens, 1949-2011.  Twelve, 2009.  336 pages.  ISBN: 978-0446697965.  A strong critique of the negative impact of religions.  Uses many historical facts from the last 100 years.  Wide ranging and penetrating arguments.  Includes an intense criticism of Islam, Catholicism, Evangelical Christianity, and Zionist Judaism.  Mr. Hitchens was a dynamic debater, witty, and aggressive polemicist.  VSCL.   

The Good Life, Virtue Ethics, Character  Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo.

Good Sense.  By Baron D'Holbach.  CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 1st Edition, 2015.  Original publisher: London, W. Stewart and Co., no publication date.  Pages not numbered, 114 pages, arranged by 206 topics.  ISBN: 9781512367317.  Originally published in 1772, and printed privately in Amsterdam.  The real author was Paul Thyry - Baron D'Holbach.  However, to escape violent persecution by Catholics and Protestants, this work was published under the pseudonym of the postthumous author named M. de Mirabaud.  Originally published in French under the title "Le Bon Sens" (Common Sense).  The translator of this work from French to English is not provided.  VSCL. 

Good Without God: What a Billion Nonreligious People Do Believe.  By Greg Epstein.  William Morrow, 2010.  272 pages.  ISBN:  978-0061670121. 

Great Freethinkers: Selected Quotations by Famous Skeptics and Nonconformists.  Edited by James C. Sanford.  Providence, Rhode Island, 2004.  Biographical index, 250 pages.  ISBN: 0974704229.  VSCL. 

The Greeks on Pleasure  By J. C. B. Gosling and C. C. W. Taylor.  Oxford University Press, 1982.  510 pages.  ISBN:  978-0198246664. 

Green Way Research Master Subject Index.   By Michael P. Garofalo. 




The Hand, Touch, Feeling: Quotations, Bibliography, Resources, Links, Notes   From the Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo

Happiness (Eudaimonia

Happiness: A History  By Darrin M. McMahon.  New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, Grove Press, 2006.  Index, notes, 544 pages.  ISBN: 97808022142894.  VSCL. 

Happiness: A Philosopher's Guide.  By Frederic Lenoir.  Translated by Andrew Brown.  Melville House, 2015.  208 pages.  ISBN: 978-1612194394. 

The Happiness Hypothesis: Finding Modern Truth in Ancient Wisdom.  By Jonathan Haidt.  Basic Books, 2006.  320 pages.  ISBN: 978-0465028023. 

Hearing, Listening, Sounds, Silence.  Quotes, sayings, facts, lore, and information compiled by Mike Garofalo.  From the Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo



Hedonism - International Encyclopedia of Ethics

Hedonism - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Hedonism - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Hedonism - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Hedonism Philosophy Images

Hedonism - Wikipedia 

The Hedonism Handbook: Mastering The Lost Arts Of Leisure And Pleasure  By Michael Flocker.  DaCapo Press, 2004.  208 pages.  ISBN: 9780306814143.  Many practical suggestions for enjoying life more, humorous style, and who and what to avoid.  VSCL. 

The Hedonist Alternative: "Anti-Seneca" and Other Texts  By Julien Offray de la Mettrie.  Translated by Kirk Watson.  Amazon Digital Services, Kindle version, 2014.  133 pages.  ASIN: B00Q3K6N3O.  Julien Offray de La Mettrie (1709-1751) was a French physician and philosopher, and one of the earliest French materialists of the Enlightenment.  He is best know for his work Machine Man.

A Hedonist Manifesto   By Michel Onfray.  Translated by Joseph McClellan.  Columbia University Press, 2015.  232 pages.  Insurrections: Critical Studies in Religion, Politics, and Culture.  ISBN:  978-0231171267.   Michel Onfray is a French philosopher and public intellectual who founded and teaches at the free Popular University of Caen. He has written more than sixty books, many of them best sellers.  E-book Kindle, VSCL. 

Hedonistic Theories from Aristippus to Spencer.  By John Watson.  First published in 1895.  Forgotten Books, Classic Reprint, 2012.  270 pages.  ASIN: B008VX1CSC. 

Hedonistic Utilitarianism  By Torbjorn Tannsjo.  Edinburgh University Press, 1998.  224 pages.  ISBN: 978-0748610426. 

Hellenistic Philosphers Index 

The Hellenistic Philosophers: Volume 1, Translations of the Principal Sources with Philosophical Commentary.  Compiled and translated by A. A. Long and D.N. Sedley.  Cambridge University Press, 1987.  524 pages.  ISBN: 9780521275569. 

Hellenistic Philosophy: Introductory Readings.  Translated and compiled by Brad Inwood and Lloyd P. Gerson.  Hackett Pub. Co., Second Edition, 1998.  438 pages.  ISBN: 97780872203785.  VSCL. 

Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind.  By Julia E. Annas.  Berkeley, University of California Press, Reprint, 1994.  Hellenistic Culture and Society Series, Book 8.  245 pages.  ISBN: 978-0520076594. 

Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics  By A. A. Long.  University of California Press, Second Edition, 1986.  274 pages.  ISBN: 978-0520058088. 

Hippie Lifestyle

History of Epicurean Philosophy by Vincent Cook 

The Holy Barbarians.  By Larry Lipton.  New York, Julian Messner, Inc., 1959.  320 pages. 

The How of Happiness: A Scientific Approach to Getting the Life You Want  By Sonja Lyubomirsky.  New York, Penguin Books, 2008.  Index, extensive notes, appendix, 366 pages.  ISBN: 978-1594201486.  Hardbound copy.  Ms. Lyubomirsky, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology at the University of California at Riverside, with a strong emphasis on positive psychology.  VSCL. 

How Pleasure Works: The New Science of Why We Like What We Like.  By Paul Bloom.  W.W. Norton, 2011.  304 pages.  ISBN: 9780393340006. 

How to Life a Good Life: Advice from Wise Persons.  Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo. 

The Humanist Alternative: Some Definitions of Humanism.  Edited by Paul Kurtz.  Buffalo, New York, Prometheus Books, 1973.  190 pages.  ISBN: 0879750189.  A wonderful collection of short essays by a variety of wise persons about the subject of humanism, secular humanism, ethical humanism, religious humanism, and naturalistic humanism.  The history and ethical adventure of humanism since the Enlightenment is thoroughly documented.  This book avoids the strident polemics found in the Four Horsemen of the New Atheism.  I first read this uplifting book in 1975, and again in 2012.  VSCL.   

Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo    Senses, Pleasure, Hedonism, Druids, Stoics, Touch, Tao Te Ching, Taijiquan, Qigong, Walking, Philosophy, Tai Chi Chuan, Poetry, etc.  Mike Garofalo (1945-) and Karen Garofalo live south of the City of Red Bluff, in Tehama County, California.  They live in a rural area, surrounded by almond orchards, at the "Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove."  [Both a real and a imaginary place.]  Our home and gardens are located on the flat, clay/sand rockless soil, in the midland heart of the North Sacramento River Valley.  Mike's writings are published under the Green Way Research banner. 




Advice     Beauty     Bibliography     Blog     Body-Mind     Broad Minded     Cheerfulness       

Contemplation     Desires     Dharmapada Sutra     Education     Epicureanism     Equanimity    

Feeling     Fitness     Five Senses     Friendship     Gardening     Generosity 

Happiness     Hedonism    Hospitality     Independence     Kindness    Learning     Links    

Meditation     Memory     Mindfulness     Moderation     Open Minded     Paramitas    

Patience     Philosophy     Play     Pleasures     Qigong     Reading     Self-Reliance    

Sensory Pleasures     Simplicity     Solitude    Somaesthetics     Stoicism    Taijiquan    

Tao Te Ching     Thinking     Tolerance     Touching     Tranquility    Vigor     Vision    

Walking     Willpower     Wisdom     Wonder     Zen Precepts      





In Defense of Sensuality.  By John Cowper Powys.  V. Gollancz, 1931.  287 pages. 

Intelligent Life Magazine - The Economist 

An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation   By Jeremy Bentham, 1748-1832.  Create Space Independent Publishing, 2015.  292 pages.  ISBN: 978-1508738732. 

Introduction to Virtue Ethics: Insights of the Ancient Greeks.  By Raymond Devettere.  Georgetown University Press, 2002.  208 pages.  ISBN: 978-0878403721. 

Inventing the Individual: The Origins of Western Liberalism.  By Larry Siedentop.  New York, Penguin Books, 2014.  Index, bibliography, notes, 434 pages.  ISBN: 978-0141009544,  VSCL.




Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)  "I too am an Epicurean.  I consider the genuine (not the imputed) doctrines of Epicurus as containing everything rational in moral philosophy which Greece and Rome have left us." (1819)  

Jefferson, Thomas:  Syllabus of the Doctrines of Epicurus (1819) 




Katastematic:  A primarily internal condition, attitude, state of body-mind producing feelings of pleasure.  The experience of pleasant feeling when the body is healthy, relatively pain or distress free, at ease, and you are comfortable in your skin. 

"It would be a condition of no pleasure and no pain classifiable as kinetic, but it would by no means be a condition of no pleasure and no pain at all. It would in fact be a condition of pleasure arising from the simple, undisturbed, undistracted, awareness of oneself, and of one's openness to the world through specific sensory inputs, but without being currently engaged with any. It would be an active awareness of one's constitution as a particular sort of animal—a constitution for such sensory engagement. And, one would not be experiencing this pleasant awareness unless one's condition were one of normal healthiness and ongoing natural functioning: if one's condition were not such, one would be experiencing some disturbing movements in one's consciousness—unhealthy or disturbed and distorted functioning is just what does cause kinetic pain. Accordingly, to pleasure arising in this second set of circumstances for the arousal of pleasure, Epicurusgave the name "katastematic," drawing upon a Greek term for a condition or state, or for the constitution, of a thing. It is called "katastematic" not so to indicate a special kind of pleasure, any more than kinetic pleasures are a kind of pleasure, but rather so as to draw attention to the special circumstances of pleasure's arousal, on which it is conditioned, in the case of this pleasure. We would describe this pleasure as pleasure in the awareness of the healthy functioning of one's own natural constitution, physical and psychic."
- John M. Cooper, Pursuits of Wisdom, 2012, p. 234

"For Epicurus, the only criterion for deciding on one's way of life is what will work out best form the point of view on one's own pursuit of a continuous experience of katastematic pleasure, varied suitably so as to conform to one's own, perhaps somewhat idiosyncratic, preferences among sources of kinetic pleasure."
- John M. Cooper, Pursuits of Wisdom, 2012, p. 263

Kindness   Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.




Liberalism.  By Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973).  Translated by Ralph Raico.  Edited by Arthur Goddard.  Ludwig von Mises Institute, 1927, 2010.  Index, appendix, 207 pages.  ISBN: 9781933550848.  VSCL. 

Life, Letters and Epicurean Philosophy of Ninon de L Enclos.  Book Jungle, 2008.  272 pages.  ISBN: 9781605979076. 

Life's Little Instruction Book:  511 Suggestions, Observations, and Reminders on How to Live a Happy and Rewarding Life.  By H. Jackson Brown, Jr.  Thomas Nelson, Revised edition, 2000.  160 pages.  ISBN: 1558538356. 

Lifestyle Advice from Wise Persons   Compiled by Mike Garofalo.   

Locke, John (1602-1734)  Information: Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Locke, John.  Collected Works, E-book Kindle Version, 7 Works: Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Treatise on Government, Letter on Tolerance.  VSCL. 

Lucretius: The Nature of Things.   By Lucretius.  Translated by Alicia Stallings.  Introduction by Richard Jenkyns.  Written by Titus Lucretius Carus in around 60 BCE.  New York, Penguin Classics, 2007.  304 pages.  ISBN: 978-0140447965.  Epicurean physics in a poetic format. 

Titus Lucretius Carus (99 - 55 BCE)   Information:   Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Lucretius: The Way Things Are: The Way Things Are: The De Rerum Natura of Titus Lucretius Carus.  Translated by Rolfe Humphries.  Written by Titus Lucretius Carus in around 60 BCE.  Bloomington, Indiana, University of Indiana Press, 1968.  Notes, 255 pages.  ISBN: 9780253201256.  Lucretius was an Epicurean Hellenistic philosopher.  VSCL. 

Lucretius:  Titus Lucretius Carus, circa 99 BCE - 55 BCE., was a Roman poet and philosopher.  "His only known work is the epic philosophical poem De rerum natura about the tenets and philosophy of Epicureanism, and which is usually translated into English as On the Nature of Things.  Very little is known about Lucretius's life; the only certain fact is that he was either a friend or client of Gaius Memmius, to whom the poem was addressed and dedicated.  De rerum natura was a considerable influence on the Augustan poets, particularly Virgil (in his Aeneid and Georgics, and to a lesser extent on the Satires and Eclogues) and Horace.  The work virtually disappeared during the Middle Ages but was rediscovered in 1417 in a monastery in Germany by Poggio Bracciolini, and it played an important role both in the development of atomism (Lucretius was an important influence on Pierre Gassendi) and the efforts of various figures of the Enlightenment era to construct a new Christian humanism."  -  Wikipedia.

Lucretius:  The Swerve: How the World Became Modern  By Stephen Greenblatt.  W. W. Norton, 2012.  356 pages.  ISBN: 978-0393343403.  Review.  How a Renaissance book hunter discovered and saved Lucretius: The Way Things Are: The Way Things Are: The De Rerum Natura of Titus Lucretius Carus




Marius the Epicurean: His Sensations and Ideas  By Walter Pater.  1885.  Cosimo Classics, 2005.  392 pages.  ISBN: 9781596055544.  I use the E-book Kindle version of this classic.  Foreword by Gerald Monsman.  VSCL. 

The Methods of Ethics.  By Henry Sidgwick.  Foreword by John Rawls.  Hackett Pub. Co., 7th Edition, 1981.  568 pages.  ISBN: 978-0915145287.  'Professor Henry Sidgwick (May 31, 1838 - August 28, 1900) was a professor, philosopher, writer and advocate for womens education. An analytical Utilitarian in his politics, as a philosopher he examined the principles of ethical hedonism, human behavior and free will. He developed a reputation as an excellent teacher who treated students as equals and was also a member of the Metaphysical Society.'

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)  Information:  Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.   English philosopher, political economist, utilitarian proponent, and public servant.   

John Stuart Mill.  The Basic Writings of John Stuart Mill: On Liberty, the Subjection of Women, and Utilitarianism.  Introduction by J. B. Schneewind, and commentary by Dale E. Miller.  New York, Modern Library, 2002.  400 pages.  ISBN: 9780375759185.  VSCL. 

Moderation   Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Moral Darwinism: How We Became Hedonists  By Benjamin Wiker.  IVP Academic, 2002.  329 pages.  Christian Classics Bible Studies.  A Christian critique of hedonism, materialism, sensuality.  ISBN: 978-0830826667. 

The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values.  By Sam Harris.  New York, Free Press, 2010.  Index, references, notes, 307 pages.  ISBN: 9781439171226.  VSCL. 

The Morality of Happiness  By Julia Annas.  Oxford University Press, 1995.  512 pages.  ISBN: 978-0195096521.  VSCL.    "Ancient ethical theories, based on the notions of virtue and happiness, have struck many as an attractive alternative to modern theories. But we cannot find out whether this is true until we understand ancient ethics--and to do this we need to examine the basic structure of ancient ethical theory, not just the details of one or two theories. In this book, Annas brings together the results of a wide-ranging study of ancient ethical philosophy and presents it in a way that is easily accessible to anyone with an interest in ancient or modern ethics. She examines the fundamental notions of happiness and virtue, the role of nature in ethical justification and the relation between concern for self and concern for others. Her careful examination of the ancient debates and arguments shows that many widespread assumptions about ancient ethics are quite mistaken. Ancient ethical theories are not egoistic, and do not depend for their acceptance on metaphysical theories of a teleological kind. Most centrally, they are recognizably theories of morality, and the ancient disputes about the place of virtue in happiness can be seen as akin to modern disputes about the demands of morality."




New Epicurean.  Resources, lists, quotations, comparisons. 

A New Guide to Rational Living.  By Albert Ellis and Robert A. Harper.  Third Edition, Thoroughly Revised and Updated for the Twenty-First Century.  Hollywood, CA, Melvin Powers Wilshire Book Company, 1961, 1997.  Index, bibliography, 283 pages.   ISBN: 0879800429.  VSCL. 

Nicomachean Ethics  By Aristotle.  Translated by Terence Irwin.  Introduction, notes, references.  Hackett Publishing, 2nd Edition, 1999.  392 pages.  Kindle Edition.  ISBN: 978-0872204645.  VSCL. 

Nicomachean Ethics   By Aristotle.  Translated by Christopher Rowe.  Commentary and notes by Sarah Broadie.  Oxford University Press, 2002.  Introduction: pp. 3-94.  Translation of Nicomachean Ethics: pp. 95-260.  Commentary: 261-452.  Bibliography, Indexes, 468 pages.  ISBN: 9780198752714.  VSCL. 

Nietzsche, Frederick Wilhelm (1844 – 1900) - Wikipedia  Nietzsche was a scholar of Greek and Latin, familiar with Greco-Roman culture and philosophy.  Plagued by poor health all of his short life, he nevertheless wrote many essays and books.  His style of writing is engaging, insightful, bold, persuasive, imaginative, and he has keen sense of the bourgeois German culture of the late 19th century.  His thoughts and opinions can hold us spellbound at times.  The Greek sense of excellence for a persons function in life, free thinking, high standards, enjoyment of life, dignity, will, no gods needed, heroes, work, courage ... sounds like the issues raised by Epircureans. 

Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm (1844-1900)   The Portable Nietzsche.   By Friedrich Nietzsche.  Translated by Walter Kaufmann.  New York, Penguin Books, 1977.  704 pages.  ISBN: 9780140150629.   Includes the complete and unabridged translations of: Twilight of the Idols, The Antichrist, Nietzsche Contra Wagner, and Thus Spoke Zarathurstra.  Extensive quotations from other works and his letters.  VSCL.  

Frederick Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900).  Stanford Encyclopedia of PhilosophyWikipedia EncyclopediaInternet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Nietzsche and Epicurean Philosophy.  By A. H. J. Knight, Philosophy: Vol. 8, No. 32, October 1933, pp. 431-445. 

Nietzsche, Rand, and the Ethics of the Great Task, by Peter Saint-Andre, 2009.

The Norms of Nature: Studies in Hellenistic Ethics  Edited by Malcolm Schofield and Gisela Striker.  Cambridge University Press, 2007.  300 pages.  ISBN: 978-0521039888. 

Notebooks of an Old Philosopher   Notes by Mike Garofalo.  Lot's ruminations and research on the senses, hands, body-mind arts, somaesthetics, and virtures.  Part of the Hypertext Notebooks Series. 

Novels, Plays, Characters with a Hedonistic Attitude or Philosophy




Oikeiôsis: self-preservation, belonging to oneself, orientation, affinity, familiar, home, family, things close to one's heart.  A key term in Stoic developmental psychology.  Also implies working on developing a better sense of interconnectedness with widening circles of beings. 

On Desire: Why We Want What We Want  By William B. Irvine.  Oxford University Press, 2006.  Index, bibliography, notes, 322 pages.  ISBN: 9780195327076.  VSCL. 

One Old Daoist Druid's Final Journey

Onfray, Michel.  Michel Onfray is a French philosopher and public intellectual who founded and teaches at the free Popular University of Caen. He has written more than sixty books, many of them best sellers.  Books:   Atheist Manifesto: The Case Against Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, 2011.   A Hedonist Manifesto: The Power to Exist, 2015.

The Oxford History of Greece and the Hellenistic World  Edited by John Boardman, Jasper Griffin, and Oswyn Murray.  Oxford University Press Paperbacks, 2nd Edition, 1986, 2001.  Index, tables, 520 pages.  ISBN: 978-0192801371.  VSCL. 








Pain and Pleasure: A Study of Bodily Feelings.  By Thomas Szasz.  Syracuse University Press, 1988, 2nd Edition.  303 pages.  ISBN: 978-0815602309. 

Pater, Walter (1939-1894) 

Peripatetic School.  In 335 BCE, Aristotle began teaching in the area at the Lyceum in Athens, Greece.  Philosophers, many followers of Aristotle, continued to walk and meet at the Lyceum for many centuries, until around 200 CE.  The school of Aristotle, the Aristotelians, followers of Aristotle's approach to developing a philosophy of life for yourself and expanding your knowledge. 

Philodemus   "Philodemus of Gadara (110 - 35 BCE).  A Hellenistic Epicurean philosopher and poet. He studied under Zeno of Sidon in Athens, before moving to Rome, and then to Herculaneum. He was once known chiefly for his poetry preserved in the Greek Anthology, but since the 18th century, many writings of his have been discovered among the charred papyrus rolls at the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. The task of excavating and deciphering these rolls is difficult, and work continues to this day.  The Ethics of Philodemus by Voula Tsouna.

Philosopher Without Gods: Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life
.  Edited by Louise M. Anthony.  Oxford University Press, 2007.  Index, references, notes, brief biographies of contributors, 315 pages.  ISBN: 9780199743414.  VSCL. 

A Philosopher's Notebooks by Mike Garofalo

The Philosophical Garden Website.  Encountering Ideas in the Midst of the Natural World.  This website has a particular focus on the ancient Greek philosophical tradition.  Of special interest is the significance of Epicurean philosophy from antiquity to the present day.

Philosophy: An Introduction Through Literature  Edited with introductions by Lowell Kleiman and Stephen Lewis.  Paragon House, 1998.  618 pages.  ISBN: 9781557785398.  VSCL. 

Philosophy as a Way of Life: Ancients and Moderns - Essays in Honor of Pierre Hadot.  Edited by Michael Chase, Stephen R. L. Clark, and Michael McGhee.  Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.  340 pages.  ISBN: 978-1405161619. 

Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault  By Pierre Hadot.  Edited with an introduction by Arnold Davidson.  Translated by Michael Chase.  Malden, Massachusetts, Wiley-Blackwell, 1995.  Index, extensive bibliography, 320 pages.  ISBN: 978-0631180333.  VSCL. 

Philosophy for Life and Other Dangerous Situations: Ancient Philosophy for Modern Problems  By Jules Evans.  New World Library, 2013.  320 pages.  ISBN: 978-1608682294. 

Philosophy Talk: Community of Thinkers

Plato (427 - 347 BCE)   Information:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Plato.  The Collected Dialogues of Plato, Including the Letters.  Edited by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns.  With an Introduction and Prefatory Notes.  New York, Pantheon Books, 1961.  Bollingen Series, LXXI.  14 different translators are used in this collection.  Detailed index, 743 pages.  LCN: 61-11758.  VSCL. 

Pleasure.  By Alexander Lowen, M.D..  Bioenergetics Press, 2006.  258 pages.  ISBN: 978-0974373720. 

Pleasure: A Creative Approach to Life.  By Alexander Lowen.  Alexander Lowen Foundation, 2013.  270 pages.  ISBN: 978-1938485107. 

Pleasure and Desire: The Case of Hedonism Reviewed  By J. C. B. Gosling.  Oxford University Press, 1969.  188 pages.  ISBN: 978-0198243397. 

Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature, Varieties, and Plausibility of Hedonism.  By Fred Feldman.  Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press, 2004, 2010.  Index, bibliography, themes, 221 pages.  ISBN: 978-0199297603.  VSCL. 

Pleasure in Ancient Greek Philosophy.  By David Wolfsdorf.  Cambridge University Press, 2013.  Index, reading list, 299 pages.  Key Themes in Ancient Philosophy Series.  ISBN: 978-0521149754.  VSCL. 

The Pleasure Instinct: Why We Crave Adventure, Chocolate, Pheromones, and Music  By Gene Wallenstein.  Wiley, 2008.  256 pages.  ISBN: 9780471619154. 

The Pleasure Prescription: To Love, To Work and to Play - Life in the Balance  By Paul Pearsall.  Hunter House Publications, 1996.  280 pages.  ISBN: 9780897932073. 

Pleasures.  Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Pleasures and Pains: A Theory of Qualitative Hedonism  By Rem B. Edwards.  Cornell University Press, 1979.  160 pages.  ISBN: 978-0801412417. 

Pleasures of the Brain.  By Morten L. Kringelbach and B. Kent (Editors).  Oxford University Press, 2009.  Series in Affective Science.  352 pages.  ISBN: 978-0195331028. 

The Portable Hannah Arendt.  By Hannah Arendt (1906-1975).  Edited with an introduction by Peter Baehr.  New York, Penguin Classics, Reissue Edition, 2000.  575 pages.  ISBN: 978-0142437568.  VSCL. 

Practical Ethics.  By Peter Singer.  Cambridge University Press, 1980, 3rd Edition, 2011.  Index, notes, references, 356 pages.  ISBN: 9780521707688.  VSCL. 

Pragmatism, Old And New: Selected Writings  Edited by Susan Haack, with associate editor Robert Lane.  Amherst, New York, Prometheus Books, 2006.  Glossary, index, 741 pages.  ISBN: 9781591023593.  VSCL. 

Predictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces that Shape Our Decisions.  By Dan Ariely.  Revised and expanded edition.  Harper Perennial, 2010.  384 pages.  ISBN: 978-0061353246.  VSCL. 

The Present Alone is Our Happiness, Second Edition: Conversations with Jeannie Carlier and Arnold I. Davidson.  Essays by Pierre Hadot and others.  Translated from the French by Arnold I. Davidson.  Cultural Memory in the Present.  Stanford University Press, 2nd Edition, 2011.  240 pages.  ISBN: 978-0804775434. 

Principal Doctrines of Epicureanism

Psychological Egoism - Wikipedia

Psychological Egoism - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Psychological Egoism - Google Search 

The Psychology of Quality of Life: Hedonic Well-Being, Life Satisfaction, and Eudaimonia.  By Joseph Sirgy.  Springer, 2nd Edition, 2014.  Index, 622 pages.  Textbook: Social Indicators Research Series, Book 50.  ISBN: 9789400799301. 

Pulling Onions.   Over 866 quips, one-liners, sayings, observations, and remarks by Mike Garofalo. 

Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus  By John M. Cooper.  Princeton University Press, 2012.  Index, bibliography, end notes, further reading list, 442 pages.  ISBN: 978-0691159706.  Chapter 5, pp. 226-304: The Epicurean and Skeptic Ways of Life.  VSCL. 

Pyrrhonism:  How the Ancient Greeks Reinvented Buddhism.  By Adrian Kuzminski.  Lexington Books, 2010.  170 pages.  ISBN: 978-0739125076. 








Rational Egoism  - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Rational Egoism - Wikipedia Encyclopedia 

Reading Pleasures 

Reasoning and Philosophy   A Old Philosopher's Notebooks.  Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo.

Reasons and the Good  By Roger Crisp.  Clarendon Press, 2006.  192 pages.  ISBN: 978-0199290338.  

Religion and Atheism   Notes, recommended reading, and personal opinions of Mike Garofalo. 

Religion and Theology - My Own Views   By Michael P. Garofalo. 

Rendezvous with the Sensuous: Readings on Aesthetics  Edited by Linda Ardito and John Murungi.  Cambridge Scholars Pub., 2014.  256 pages.  ISBN: 978-1443856225.

Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970.   Why I Am Not a Christian and Other Essays on Religion and Related Subjects.  Touchstone, 1957, 1967.  266 pages.  ISBN: 978-0671203238.  I read this book in 1962, and it greatly influenced me in rejecting Catholicism.  I shared many of the ethical/moral/social views of Mr. Russell as expressed in many of his other books.   I read many books by Bertrand Russell from 1963-1969.  His writing is clear, well reasoned, witty, and urbane.  The greatest popularizer of Anglo-American philosophy in the 20th century.  VSCL. 




The Science of Pleasure: Cosmos and Psyche in the Bourgeois World View  By Harvie Ferguson.  Routledge, 1990.  384 pages.  ISBN: 978-0415028936. 

Seasons, Months  Compiled by Mike Garofalo. 

Seeing, Vision, Perception, Looking.   Quotes, sayings, facts, lore, and information compiled by Mike Garofalo.  From the Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo

Sensation, Perception, The Five Senses  Notebooks of Mike Garofalo. 

A Sensual Soul.  By Charles de Saint-Evremond.  Translated by Kirk Watson.  116 pages.  Kindle Digital:  B0170AKDPO.

Sex, Drugs, and Rock 'n' Roll: The Rise of American's 1960s Counterculture.  By Robert Cottrell.  Rowman and Littlefield Pubs., 2015.  452 pages.  ISBN: 9781442246065. 

Sexual Desire: A Philosophical Investigation  By Roger Scruton.  Bloomsbury Academic, 2006.  448 pages.  ISBN: 978-0826480385. 

Sexual Pleasures, Carnal Alchemy, Tantrics, Sexually Experimental 

Seven Pleasures: Essays on Ordinary Happiness  By Willard Spiegelman.  The seven simple pleasures discussed are: dancing, reading, walking, looking, listening, swimming, and writing.  If you included Taijiquan as "dancing" then all of these can be solitary activities.  Picador, 2010.  208 pages.  ISBN: 9780312429676. 

The Shape of Ancient Thought: Comparative Studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies  By Thomas C. Mcevilley.  Allworth Press, 2001.  768 pages.  Kindle Version.   ISBN: 978-1581152036. 

The Skeptics.  By R. J. Hankinson.  London, Routledge, 1995.  Arguments of the Philosopher's Series.  General index, index of works cited, bibliography, notes, 376 pages.  ISBN: 0415184460.  Excellent introduction!  Exposition and arguments of the ancient sceptics: Pyrrhonism and Melagarism.  Detailed and authoritative survey of Greek and Hellenistic skeptics.  VSCL. 

The Simple Guide to a Minimalist Life by Leo Babauta

Simplicity.  Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

A Small Treatise on the Great Virtues: The Uses of Philosophy in Everyday Life  By André Comte-Sponville.  Translated from the French by Catherine Temerson.  New York, Henry Holt and Co., Metropolitan/Owl Book. 1996. 2001.  Index, notes, 352 pages.  ISBN: 0805045562.  VSCL.  The virtues discussed in these essays are:  Politeness, Fidelity, Prudence, Temperance, Courage, Justice, Generosity, Compassion, Mercy, Gratitude, Humility, Simplicity, Tolerance, Purity, Gentleness, Good Faith, Humor, and Love.   

Smelling, Scent.   Quotes, sayings, facts, lore, and information compiled by Mike Garofalo.  From the Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo. 

Society of the Friends of Epicurus   A variety of resources and shared experiences and ideas. 

Socratic Logic: A Logic Text using Socratic Method, Platonic Questions, and Aristotelian Principles, Edition 3.1   By Peter Kreeft, and edited by Trent Dougherty.  South Bend, Indiana, St. Augustine's Press, Third Edition, 3.1, 2004, 2010.  Index, 410 pages.  ISBN: 9781587318085.  VSCL. 

Solitude - Pleasures  Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Somatics, Somaesthetics, The Human Body.  Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo.

The Spirit of Gardening.  Over 3,500 quotations arranged by over 150 topics.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo. 

The Stoic and Epicurean Philosophers: The Complete Extant Writings of Epicurus, Epictetus, Lucretius, and Marcus Aurelius  Edited with an introduction by Whitney J. Oates, PhD.  New York, The Modern Library, Random House, 1940.  Glossary, 627 pages.  ISBN: 9780394607450.  VSCL.  This was the first book I ever read about the Epicurean philosophers.  I purchased a used hardbound copy in 1962.  VSCL. 

Stoicism.  By John Sellars.  University of California Press, 2006.  219 pages.  Ancient Philosophies Series, Book 1.  ISBN: 978-0520249080.

Sweeping Changes: Discovering the Joy of Zen in Everyday Tasks by Gary Thorp 

Symbolist Movement in Art and Literature




Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu  I first read in 1961.  The philosophical views of Laozi and Zhuangzi appealed to me from an early age.  The religious practices of later Taoists from 300 CE onward were interesting and colorful, because of my practice of Taijiquan and Qigong, as are the nature worship rituals and poetry of the modern Neopagan religions; however, I don't really "believe" in their supernatural and superstitious views and dogmas.  My childhood experiences of the magic, ritual and pomp of Roman Catholicism probably influenced me in my appreciation for for the esoteric and magical aspects of Taoism and Druidry.  I liked Lao Tzu's naturalism, individualism, mysticism, and skepticism about the value of conventional morality and religion.  Our lives are also greatly influenced by non-rational and unconscious factors. 

Tantra: Bibliography, Links, Resources

Tantra: Hedonism in Indian Culture  By Prem Saran.  D. K. Printworld, 1998.  220 pages.  ISBN: 9788124600979. 

Taoism and the Tao Te Ching  Compilations and research by Mike Garofalo. 

Tasting, Flavors, Eating.   Quotes, sayings, facts, lore, and information compiled by Mike Garofalo.  From the Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo

Tending the Epicurean Garden  By Hiram Crespo.  Humanist Press, 2014.  Kindle Version.  196 pages.  ISBN: 978-0931779534.  VSCL. 

The Ten Golden Rules: Ancient Wisdom from the Greek Philosophers on Living the Good Life.  By M.S. Soupios and Panos Mourdoukoutas.  Charlottsville, Virginia, Hampton Roads Pub., 2009.  128 pages.  Both authors are professors at Long Island University, C. W. Post Campus.  ISBN: 9781571746054.  VSCL. 

A Theory of Justice.  By John Rawls.  Oxford Paperbacks, Belknap Press, 2005.  624 pages.  ISBN: 9780674017726.  VSCL. 

The Therapy of Desire: Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics.  By Martha C. Nussbaum.  Princeton University Press, 1996, 2009.  584 pages.  Martin Classical Lectures Series.  ISBN: 978-0691141312.  VSCL.  

Thinking Critically.   By John Caffee.  Wadsworth Pub., 2011.  10th Edition.  Index, bibliography, 592 pages.  ISBN: 9780495908814.  John Chaffee, Ph.D., is a professor of philosophy at The City University of New York, where he has developed a Philosophy and Critical Thinking program.  VSCL. 

Time and the Art of Living  By Robert Grudin.  Mariner Books, 1997.  Index, 250 pages.  ISBN: 978039689814.  VSCL. 

Time, the Familiar Stranger   By J. T. Frazier.  University of Massachusetts Press, 2012.  Index, bibliography, notes, 408 pages.  ISBN: 9781558498594.  VSCL. 

Touching, Feeling, Sensations, Hands.  Quotes, Sayings, Facts, Information, and Charts compiled by Mike Garofalo.  From the Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo

The Tradition of Political Hedonism from Hobbes to J. S. Mill  By Frederick Vaughan.  Fordham University Press, 1982.  271 pages.  ISBN: 978-0823210770. 

Tranquility (Atraxia), Serenity, Peace of Mind:  Quotations, sayings, poems, observations.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Travels with Epicurus: A Journey to a Greek Island in Search of a Fulfilled Life  By Daniel Klein.  New York, Penguin Books, 2012.  164 pages.  ISBN: 9780143126621. VSCL. 






Utilitarianism, Hedonism, and Desert: Essays in Moral Philosophy.  By Fred Feldman.  Cambridge University Press, 1997.  236 pages.  Cambridge Studies in Philosophy Series.  ISBN: 978-0521598422.

Utilitarianism, On Liberty and Other Essays (Oxford World's Classics)  By John Stuart Mill, 1806-1873.  Edited by Mark Philp and Frederick Rosen.  Oxford University Press, Second Edition, 2015.  608 pages.  ISBN: 978-0199670802. 





Virtue Ethics - Wikipedia

Virtue Ethics - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Virtues and the Good Life   Notes, bibliography, guides, and research by Mike Garofalo.  

Voluntary Simplicity by Duane Elgin

VSCL =  Valley Spirit Center Library, Red Bluff, California



Walking Pleasures  

The Way Of The Good Hedonist  By D. D. Worden.  Edge of the World Press, 2013.  176 pages.  ISBN: 978-0615838540. 

What Is Ancient Philosophy?  By Pierre Hadot.  Translated from the French by Michael Chase.  Cambridge, Massachusetts, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2002.  Index, chronology, bibliography, notes, 362 pages.  First published in French in 1995.  2004 Belknap reprint edition.  ISBN: 978-0674013735.  VSCL. 

What Is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being  By Richard Kraut.  Harvard university Press, 2009.  304 pages.  ISBN: 9780674032378.  A defense of an Aristotelian theory of ethics. 

What Is This Thing Called Happiness?  By Fred Feldman.  Oxford University Press, 2012.  304 pages.  ISBN: 978-0199645930. 

When God Is Gone, Everything Is Holy: The Making of a Religious Naturalist  By Chet Raymo.  Nortre Dame, Indiana, Sorin Books, c 2008.  13 chapters, notes, 148 pages.  ISBN: 9781933495132.  VSCL. 

Willpower, Determination, Grit   Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.  

Wisdom of Catius' Cat.  Comics by Cassius Amicus. 

The Wisdom of Pleasures: "The School of Voluptuousness" and "The Art of Enjoyment."  By Julien Offray de La Mettrie.  Originally published in 1747.  Translated from the French by Kirk Watson.  Amazon Digital Publishing, 2014.  82 pages.  VSCL. 




Yang Zhu's Garden of Pleasure: The Philosophy of Individuality.  Edited by Rosemary Brant.  Astrolog Pub., 2006.   128 pages.  ISBN: 9789654942065. 

Yang Zhu, Master Yang, Chinese Philosopher, Yang Zi, 440–360 BCE.  Ethical Egoist, hedonist, Epicurean.   "Each for himself" or "wei wo."    

Yang Zhu - Ancient History Encyclopedia

  "Yangism has been described as a form of psychological and ethical egoism. The Yangist philosophers believed in the importance of maintaining self-interest through "keeping one's nature intact, protecting one's uniqueness, and not letting the body be tied by other things."  Disagreeing with the Confucian virtues of li (propriety), ren (humaneness), and yi (righteousness) and the Legalist virtue of fa (law), the Yangists saw wei wo, or "everything for myself," as the only virtue necessary for self-cultivation.  Individual pleasure is considered desirable, like in hedonism, but not at the expense of the health of individual.  The Yangists saw individual well-being as the prime purpose of life, and considered anything that hindered that well-being immoral and unnecessary." 

The Year of Pleasures: A Novel  By Elizabeth Berg.  Ballantine Books, 2006.  225 pages.  ISBN: 9780812970999. 






Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu, Zhuang Zhou, Master Chuang, Kwang-dze)  369—286 BCE   Compiled by Mike Garofalo. 












Quotations, Sayings, Notes


Practical Reasoning about the Behaviors and Attitudes Regarding Good and Bad, Right and Wrong, Pleasures and Pains
Goodness, Virtues, Morals, Customs, Societal Norms, Justice, Fairness, Utilitarianism, Codes of Conduct, Happiness


"Rushworth Kidder states that "standard definitions of ethics have typically included such phrases as 'the science of the ideal human character' or 'the science of moral duty' ".[3] Richard William Paul and Linda Elder define ethics as "a set of concepts and principles that guide us in determining what behavior helps or harms sentient creatures".[4] The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy states that the word ethics is "commonly used interchangeably with 'morality' ... and sometimes it is used more narrowly to mean the moral principles of a particular tradition, group or individual."[5] Paul and Elder state that most people confuse ethics with behaving in accordance with social conventions, religious beliefs and the law and don't treat ethics as a stand-alone concept.[4]

The word "ethics" in English refers to several things.[6] It can refer to philosophical ethics or moral philosophy—a project that attempts to use reason in order to answer various kinds of ethical questions. As the English philosopher Bernard Williams writes, attempting to explain moral philosophy: "What makes an inquiry a philosophical one is reflective generality and a style of argument that claims to be rationally persuasive."[7] And Williams describes the content of this area of inquiry as addressing the very broad question, "how one should live"[8] Ethics can also refer to a common human ability to think about ethical problems that is not particular to philosophy. As bioethicist Larry Churchill has written: "Ethics, understood as the capacity to think critically about moral values and direct our actions in terms of such values, is a generic human capacity."[9] Ethics can also be used to describe a particular person's own idiosyncratic principles or habits.[10] For example: "Joe has strange ethics."

The English word ethics is derived from an Ancient Greek word êthikos, which means "relating to one's character." The Ancient Greek adjective êthikos is itself derived from another Greek word, the noun êthos meaning "character, disposition."[11]"
Wikipedia - Ethics




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Research by
Michael P. Garofalo, M.S.



Michael P. Garofalo, A Brief Biography

Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California

This webpage was last updated on June 7, 2016.

This webpage was first distributed online on July 5 2016. 

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