The Eight Elementals of the Everyday World

Eight and Four Part Models of the Cosmos
Eight Ways of Being and Becoming: Esoteric, Magickal, Mythical, and Mystical Models and Symbols
Octonary and Quaternary Systems Used to Explain the Universe of Beings
Trigrams, Elementals (Earth, Air, Fire, Water), Eight Auspicious Signs, Bagua

Bibliography     Links     Resources     Quotes     Notes

Research by Michael P. Garofalo


April 13, 2010






The Eight Ways of Being and Becoming

Eight and Four Part Models of the Cosmos
Octonary and Quaternary Systems Used to Explain the Universe of Beings

Bibliography, Links, Resources, Quotes, Notes


Above the Fog   Zen poetry by Mike Garofalo. 

Alchemy Website.  By Adam McLean.  "Over 90 megabytes online of information on alchemy in all its facets.   Divided into over 1300 sections and providing tens of thousands of pages of text, over 2000 images, over 200 complete alchemical texts, extensive bibliographical material on the printed books and manuscripts, numerous articles, introductory and general reference material on alchemy."    

Amprodias: Maat Magick and Chaos Magick.  By Margarete Ingalls.   

Ancient Ways: Reclaiming Pagan Traditions.  By Pauline Campanelli and Dan Campanelli.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Pubs., 1991.  256 pages.  ISBN: 0875420907. 

The Art of Ritual: A Guide to Creating and Performing Your Own Ceremonies for Growth and Change.  By Renee Beck and Sydney Barbara Metrick .  Berkeley, California, Celestial Arts, 1990.146 pages.  ISBN: 0890875820. 

Bagua Zhang   A Chinese internal martial arts system emphasizing moving in circular patterns, turning, and evasiveness.  Based on using sets of eight movements.  Its sigil is the eight trigrams of the I Ching arranged in a circle - the bagua.   

Celebrating the Seasons of Life: Beltane to Mabon.  Lore, Rituals, Activities, and Symbols.  By Ashleen O'Gaea.  Franklin Lakes, New Jersey, New Page Books, 2005.  Bibliography, index, 219 pages.  ISBN: 1564147320.  A good in-depth study of four spring and summer Celebrations in the Wiccan-NeoPagan year.  Rich in details and ideas.  VSCL. 

Celebrating the Seasons of Life: Samhain to Ostara.  Lore, Rituals, Activities, and Symbls.  By Ashleen O'Gaea.  Franklin Lakes, New Jersey, New Page Books, 2004.  Bibliography, index, 221 pages.  ISBN: 1564147312.  VSCL.  A good in-depth study of four autumn and winter Celebrations in the Wiccan-NeoPagan year.  Rich in details and ideas. 

Chaos, Gaia, Eros: A Chaos Pioneer Uncovers the Three Great Streams of History.  By Ralph Abraham.  San Francisco, Harper, 1994. Notes, bibliography, index, 263 pages.  ISBN: 0062500139.   CSUM.

Chart of Associations: Trigrams of the I Ching (Bagua)

Chinese Philosophy (Taoism): Links, Bibliography, Quotes, Notes   

Circles, Groves and Sanctuaries: Sacred Spaces of Today's Pagans.  Compiled by Dan and Pauline Campanelli.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications, 1993.  Resources, 268 pages.  ISBN: 0875421083.  Ideas for creating indoor and outdoor altars and sanctuaries.  

Common Eight Letter Words

Creating Circles and Ceremonies: Rituals for all Seasons and Reasons.  By Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart.  Franklin Lakes, New Jersey, New Page Books, 2006.  Appendices, glossary, index, 288 pages.  ISBN: 1564148645. 

Cuttings.   Short poems by Michael Garofalo. 

Daoism (Taoism): Links, Bibliography, Quotes, Notes   

Dharmacakra - The Eight Spoked Wheel of Buddhism

The Druidry Handbook: Spiritual Practice Rooted in the Living Earth.   By John Michael Greer.  Forewod by Philip Carr-Gomm.  San Francisco, CA, Weiser Books, 2006.  Bibliography, index, 272 pages.  ISBN: 1578633540.   VSCL. 

Earth, Air, Fire and Water: More Techniques of Natural Magic.  By Scott Cunningham.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Pubs., 1994.  Index, 223 pages.  ISBN: 0875421318.  

Eight Bodies.  Ancient Egyptians thought we have eight bodies, beyond the physical: Ab - Consciousness, Khat - Unconscious, Ren - Prestige or Collective Unconscious (the "Name"), Ka - Astral body, Personality, Khaibit - Etheric Double, Out of Body Body, Sekhet - Elan Vital, Ku - Omniscience, and Ba - Atman. 

Earth Power: Techniques of Natural Magic.  By Scott Cunningham.  St. Paul, Llewellyn Pubs., 1994.  ISBN: 0875421210.  Appendices, charts, 153 pages 

The Eight Aspects of Becoming: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Resources, Notes.  By Mike Garofalo. 

Eight Circuits of Consciousness.  By Robert Anton Wilson's Cosmic Trigger.  A neurological model from Dr. Timothy Leary. 

Eight Doors of the Human Herd 

Eight Keys to Celtic Magic.  By Edred Thorsson.  The Eight Keys relate to: magic of the head, memory, story-telling, language and music, inner dimensionality, satirizing, operative fasting, magical taboos. 

Eight of Wands

Eight (8) Number - Wikipedia  

Eight Trigrams of the Chinese Book of Changes (I Ching) :  Models, Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes

Eight Veils: Slavery and the Eight Veils.  By Don Harkins.  Eight levels of awakening of socio-economic-political consciousness and knowledge.

Endless Knot

The Four Elements   By Maria Maryam   55Kb.

The Four Elements: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Resources, Notes.  By Mike Garofalo. 

The Four Sacred Seasons.   By G. de Purucker. 

The Four Seasons: Poems, Lore, Quotations, Bibliography, Notes, Chores.  Complied by Michael P. Garofalo.   

Green Way Blog

Green, Indian and Chinese Elements   57Kb

Green Way Blog   By Michael P. Garofalo

Green Wizard: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes  


Grimoire for the Apprentice Wizard.  By Oberon Zell-Ravenheart.  Ranklin Lakes, NJ, New Page Books, 2004.  Index, 370 pages.  ISBN: 1564147118.  A detailed and practical instructional manual on the way to become a wizard.  Intended for a young reader but useful to anyone.  An excellent reference tool.  

I Ching - Trigrams Models, Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes

The Inner Traditions of Magic.  By William G. Gray.  Weiser Books, reprint edition, 1984.  ISBN:  0877284474.  

Key Truths of Occult Philosophy.  By Marc Edmund Jones.  Kessinger Pub., 2003.  272 pages. ISBN: 0766147177.  Includes: octonary constitution of space; octonary scheme of worlds and man.  

Kundalini Serpent: The Eight Chakra  Suggests an eight chakra, above the head, the Eight Sphere, theDark Star.  Normally we speak of 7 chakras. 

Labyrinths: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Resources, Notes.  By Mike Garofalo. 

Magic Eight Ball

Magical Rites from the Crystal Well
.   By Ed Fitch.  Llewellyn Publications, 1984.  160 pages.  ISBN:  0875422306. 

The Magickal Year: A Pagan Perspective on the Natural World.  By Diana Ferguson.  New York, Quality Paperback Book Club, 1996.  References, index, 224 pages.  VSCL.  

Miscellaneous Expressions and Cliches in the English Language:  Behind the Eight Ball, Pieces of Eight, Eight Pieces of Silver, Eight Treasures, Eight Veils,

The Magician's Companion.   A Practical and Encyclopedic Guide to Magical and Religious Symbolism.  By Bill Witcomb.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Pubs., 1993.   Appendices, resources, 577 pages.  ISBN:  0875428681.  

Meditation: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes.  Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo.

  (kt-nr)   adjective  1.  Of or relating to the number eight.  2.  Consisting of eight members or of groups containing eight.  Plural: octonaries.  A group or set of eight.  From the Latin
octnrius, containing eight, from octn, eight each, from oct, eight; see okt(u) in Indo-European roots.  Related terms: eight, 8, VII, eighter, octad, ogdoad, octet.  Chinese: 八韵脚octonary 八的octonary
由八组成的octonary 八进法的octonary. 

Ogdoad   Noun: (ŏg"dō*ăd) [Gr. 'ogdoa`s, 'ogdoa`dos, from 'oktw` eight.]  A thing made up of eight parts. In Gnosticism, the cardinal number that is the sum of seven and one.  In Egyptian mythology, the Ogdoad are the eight deities worshipped in Hermopolis.

One Druid's Journey: Notebooks of the Green Wizard

Octonary Models for Explaining the Cosmos: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes 

Oracle to the Octonary.  From the "Corpus Hermeticum of Hermes Trismegistus."  Translated by John Everard, 1650.  [7-58. Tat. How fain would I, O Father, hear that praise given by a Hymn, which thou saidst, thou heardst from the Powers when I was in the Octonary.  7-59. Hermes. As Pimander said by way of Oracle to the Octonary, Thou dost well, O Son, to desire the Solution of the Tabernacle, for thou art purified.]

Pulling Onions.  Gardening Quips, Observations, and One-Liners by Michael P. Garofalo.   Over 615 aphorisms. 

Quaternary Models for Explaining the Cosmos: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes

Quotes for Gardeners    Over 3,400 quotes arranged by 140 topics.

Readings to Uplift a Gardener's Spirits: Bibliography, Links and Resources  Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo.   

Rituals and Spell Objectives and Design in Eight Magics.  By Pete Carroll. 


The Sabbats: A New Approach to Living the Old Ways.  By Edain McCoy.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Pubs., 1994.  Index, 255 pages.  ISBN: 1567186637.  Practical suggestions for celebrating the eight pagan holidays in the NeoPagan Wheel of the Year.  VSCL. 

Sacred Circles and Spheres: Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Resources, Notes.   By Michael Garofalo.

The Spiral Dance: A Rebirth of the Ancient Religion of the Great Goddess.  Rituals, invocations, exercises, and magic.  By Starhawk.  10th Anniversary Edition, Revised and updated.  Bibliography, index, 288 pages.  ISBN: 0062508148.  

The Spirit of Gardening  

The Symbolism of Chess.   By Titus Burkhardt.  The standard chessboard is 8x8=64 squares. 

Tags, Cross References, Search Terms:  Four Elements (Air, Earth, Fire, Water), Four Elementals, 
Four Quarters, Four Directions,  Trigrams,

Tarot Symbolism

Trees: Legends, Lore, Myths, Magick

Trigrams of the I ChingModels, Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes 

Trigrams of the I Ching (Bagua): Chart of Associations

Valley Spirit (Gu Shen) Concept

Valley Spirit Center  Red Bluff, California

Valley Spirit Center Sacred Circle  

The Way of Four.  By Deborah Lipp.  Llewellyn, 2004.  336p.  ISBN: 0738705411.   

Wheel of the Year: Living the Magical Life.  By Pauline Campanelli.  Illustrated by Dan Campanelli.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications, 1989, 1993.  ISBN: 0875420915.  

Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner.  By Scott Cunningham.  Llewellyn's Practical Magick Series.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications, 1994.  Index, bibliography, glossary, 218 pages.  ISBN: 0875421180.  A very good introduction to the Craft by an open-minded person.  


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The Eight Eyes of Order

Eight and Four Part Models of the Cosmos
Octonary and Quaternary Systems Used to Explain the Universe of Beings
Trigrams, Elementals (Earth, Air, Fire, Water)

Quotes: Poems, Parables, Songs, Sayings



    "In Egyptian mythology, the Ogdoad are the eight deities worshipped in Hermopolis. They were arranged in four male-female pairs, with the males associated with frogs, and the females with snakes: Nu/Naunet, Amun/Amaunet, Kuk/Kauket, Huh/Hauhet. Apart from their gender, there was little to distinguish the male god in a pair from the female goddess; indeed, the names of the males are merely the male forms of the female name. Essentially, each pair represents the male and female aspect of one of four concepts, namely the primordial waters (Nu/Naunet), air or invisibility (Amun/Amunet), darkness (Kuk/Kauket), and eternity or infinite space (Huh/Hauhet).
    Together the four concepts represent the primal fundamental state of the beginning, they are what always was. In the myth, however, their interaction ultimately proved to be unbalanced, resulting in the arising of a new entity. When the entity opened, it revealed Ra, the fiery sun, inside. After a long interval of rest, Ra, together with the other gods, created all other things."



    "In the 1860s, English chemist John Newland showed that all the chemical elements fall into eight families. Since Pythagorean mysticism was unfashionable at that time, Newland was literally laughed at and rejected by the Royal Chemical Society. In the 1870s, with much more detail than Newland, the Russian chemist Mendeleyev proved once and for all that the elements do, indeed, fall into eight families. His Periodic Table of the Elements, an octave of hauntingly Pythagorean harmony, hangs in every high-school chemistry class today. (The Royal Society later apologized to Newland and gave him a Gold Medal.)
    Nikolai Tesla invented the alternating current generator which unleashed the modern technological revolution after a series of visions in which, among other things, Tesla "saw" that everything in the universe obeys a law of Octaves.
    Modern geneticists have found that the DNA-RNA "dialogue" -- the molecular information system governing life and evolution - is transmitted by 64 (8x8) codons.
    R. Buckminster Fuller, in his Synergetic-Energetic Geometry, which he claims is the "co-ordinate system of the Universe," reduces all phenomena to geometric-energetic constructs based on the tetrahedron (4-sided), the octet truss (8-sided) and the coupler (8-faceted with 24 phases). Fuller argues specifically that the 8-face, 24-phase coupler underlies the 8-fold division of the chemical elements on the Mendeleyev Periodic Table."
-   Eight: The Castle 



    "The number eight plays a prominent part in both Chaos Magick and Maat Magick. Eight arrows radiating from a central point is the primary symbol of Chaos, and it is used in "Liber Kaos" as the schema for eight types of Magick that are ascribed to various colours: 
    Blue: Wealth Magick is Jupiterian.
    Green: Love Magick reflects the nature of Venus.
    Yellow: Ego Magick fits with Solar energy. A sub-similarity exists here with Maat Magick's Dance of the Masks.
    Purple or Silver: Sex Magick. Purple is for passion, and silver is for the moon.
    Orange: Thinking Magick is Mercurial in nature.
    Red: War Magick
    Octarine: Pure Magick, with octarine being the colour which the individual associates with the essence of Magick. 
    Black: Death Magick, for experiencing the nature of death personally, or for sending death-spells. It seems to resonate with Saturn.

    Both Chaos Magick and Maat Magick have an Aeonic map.  In "Liber Kaos", Mr. Carroll presents a table summarizing his view of the course of past, present and future psychohistory.  It uses four Aeons (Shamanic, Religious, Rationalist and Pandemon) divided into two sub-Aeons each (Animist/Spiritist, Pagan/Monotheist, Atheist/Nihilist, and Chaoist/?)."
-   Amprodias: Maat Magick and Chaos Magick.  By Margarete Ingalls.   



    "To understand neurological space, Dr. Leary assumes that the nervous system consists of eight potential circuits, or "gears," or mini-brains. Four of these brains are in the usually active left lobe and are concerned with our terrestrial survival; four are extraterrestrial, reside in the "silent" or inactive right lobe, and are for use in our future evolution.  The eight circuits are the 1. Bio-survival, 2.  Emotional, 3. Dexterity/Symbolism, 4. Social/Sexual, 5. Neuro-Somatic, 6. Neuroelectric, 7. Neurogenetic, and 8. Neuroatomic."
-   Eight Circuits of Consciousness.  By Robert Anton Wilson's Cosmic Trigger.  A neurological model from Dr. Timothy Leary. 




"The pipe is a kind of portable altar, and when it's lighted it's not being smoked for fun, typically, but as a sacred art.  When it is lighted the incense is, as it were, going to heaven.  The pipe stem is lifted so that the sun smokes first, then it's addressed to the four quarters so you know where you are: the central mountain is right here, which is everywhere.  And the celebrant smokes and then the pipe is passed around.  This orientation of the quarters, I quess you could say, is the basic high cultural myth form: the centre, the quarters.  An then wherever you go: Find the center.  That establishes the sacred point, where the high point is, and they you have the four quarters."
-   Joseph Campbell, The Hero's Journey, p. 12 



"Carl Jung, the pioneer psychoanalyst, discovered special meanings for the concept of Four in his therapeutic practice.  In dream and fantasy material, he found four to be an ordering principle in "a chaotic assortment of images."  In his numerological scheme,

one = unity
two = duality, conflict
three = union of opposites
four = completeness

Jung found triads rare and associated them with chaos.  He viewed quaternities as psychic images of wholeness, with the climax of the therapeutic process represented as the center of a cross or square.  He regarded the four as three plus one, the emergence of order from chaos, and associated this transformation with alchemy."
-   Ralph Abraham, Chaos, Gaia, Eros, p. 95



"I will first make and offering and send a voice to the Spirit of the World, that it may help me to be true.  See, I fill this sacred pipe with the bark of the red willow; but before we smoke it, you must see how it is made and what it means.  These four ribbons hanging here on the stem are the four quarters of the universe.  The black one is for the west where the thunder beings live to send us rain; the white one for the north, whence comes the great white cleansing wind; the red one for the east, whence springs the light and where the morning star lives to give men wisdom; the yellow one for the south, whence come the summer and the power to grow.  But these four spirits are only one Spirit after all, and this eagle feather here is for that One, which is like a father, and also it is for the thoughts of men that should rise high as eagles do.  Is the the sky a father and the earth a mother, and are not all living things whith feet or wings or roots their children?"
-   Black Elk Speaks, 1932, p. 2



"The Medicine Wheel is a symbol of all creation, of all races of human beings, birds, fish, animals, trees, and stones.  It's in the shape of a wheel.  The circle shape represents the earth, the sun, the moon, the cycles of life, the seasons, and day to night.  Movement around the outside of the Medicine Wheel is in a clockwise direction, the rotation path of mother earth.  At the center of the wheel (the hub) is the Creator, who sits in perfect balance.  Outside the center, there is an inner circle representing the Old Woman (the earth), Father Sun, Grandmother Moon, and the four elements.  Four distinct colors, set in the four directions, lay on the perimeter, separated by beads representing the moon's cycles. Leather, laid from the perimeter, in straight lines, to the center (the spokes of the wheel) represent spiritual paths leading us to the center, to perfect balance, to the Creator.  The meaning of the number four, as it is in Native American life, is evident in the Medicine Wheel. 4 = four directions + four seasons + four elements (earth, air, water and fire) + the four races of human being.  The wheel also teaches the four aspects of our nature…physical, mental, emotional and spiritual.  The easterly direction on the Medicine Wheel represents the new light of day, the place of all beginnings.  South is the sun at the highest point, a place of youth and innocence.  West is from which darkness comes, the place of the unknown. North is the place of winter, the place of wisdom.  With the Medicine Wheel, we call upon the moons, animals, angels, finned ones, the elements, the Sun, Clan mothers, Spirit Keeper and the Star Nations, to help us manifest our needs, and to remember who we are, what is to come, and why we are here. The month, which you were born, determines your starting place on the medicine wheel and your beginning totems.  All people, travel the wheel at their own speed.  The important message of the medicine wheel is that you allow yourself to keep traveling, rather then tying yourself to one position and blocking your energies from growing and changing.  The Medicine Wheel is a powerful tool to get to know yourself and your guardians.  Each Native American Indian band have their own ceremony and meanings of the Medicine Wheel.  Come and join us around this wonderful place we call the great medicine wheel.
-   The Medicine Wheel, Gale Trinkwon from Nanaimo, British Columbia, of the Tia-o-qui-aht First Nation




"The four classical elements were independently proposed by early Presocratic philosophers: water (Thales), air (Anaximenes), earth (Xenophanes), and fire (Heraclitus). Empedocles proposed that they all existed together in fixed quantities from the beginning. Plato later conceived of them as consisting of atoms with the geometrical shapes of four of the five regular geometrical solids that had been discovered by the Pythagoreans but described by Plato (in the Timaeus).  Aristotle discarded Plato's mathematical interest and saw the elements as combinations of two sets of opposite qualities, hot & cold, wet & dry. Aristotle's view was ultimately the accepted one all through the Middle Ages."
-   The Greek Elements 



1 x 8 + 1 = 9
12 x 8 + 2 = 98
123 x 8 + 3 = 987
1234 x 8 + 4 = 9876
12345 x 8 + 5 = 98765
123456 x 8 + 6 = 987654
1234567 x 8 + 7 = 9876543
12345678 x 8 + 8 = 98765432
123456789 x 8 + 9 = 987654321






THE Pythagorians call Eight the number of justice, and fulness: first, because it is first of all divided into numbers equally even, viz. into four; and that division is, by the same reason, made into twice two, viz. twice two twice; and by reason of this equality of division it took to itself the name of justice. But the other received the name of fulness, by reason of the contexture of the corporeal solidity, since the first makes a solid body. Hence that custom of Orpheus swearing by the eight deities, if at any time he would beseech Divine justice, whose names are these:--Fire, Water, Earth, the Heaven, Moon, Sun, Phanes, and the Night. There are only eight visible spheres of the heavens. Also, by it the property of corporeal nature is signified, which Orpheus comprehends in eight of his sea songs: this is also called the. covenant, or circumcision, which was commanded to be done by the Jews the eighth day.

There were also, in the old law, eight ornaments of the priest, viz. a breastplate, a coat, a girdle, a mitre, a robe, an ephod, a girdle of the ephod, and a golden plate. Hither belongs the number to eternity, and the end of the world, because it follows the number seven, which is the mystery of time. Hence, also, the number of blessedness, as you may see in Matthew. It is also called the number of safety, and conservation; for there were so many souls of the sons of Jesse, from which David was the eighth.




The name of God with eight letters,

Eloa Vadaath אלוה ךדעט Jehova Vedaath יהוה ךדעט

In the original world.

Eight rewards of the blessed,





The vision of God,


A kingdom,


In the intelligible world.

Eight visible heavens,

The starry heaven,

The heaven of Saturn,

The heaven of Jupiter,

The heaven of Mars,

The heaven of the Sun,

The heaven of Venus,

The heaven of Mercury,

The heaven of the Moon;

In the celestial world.

Eight particular qualities,

The dryness of the earth,

The coldness of water,

The moisture of air,

The heat of fire,

The heat of air,

The moisture of water,

The dryness of fire,

The coldness of earth

In the elementary world.

Eight kinds of blessed men,

The peace makers,

They that hunger and thirst after righteousness,

The meek,

They which are persecuted for righteousness sake,

Pure in heart,


Poor in spirit,


In the lesser world.

Eight punishments of the damned.




The wrath of God,





In the infernal world.

-  Francis Barrett, The Magus, 1801, Chapter XXIII





    "North is the direction of the Element Earth and the Power of Body. Its Nature forms are rocks, clay, sand, and soil. In human life, this is the physical dimension and the sensing realm. In connecting with this direction, pay attention to your physiological processes, to the sensations in your body, to your biological needs, and to your physical health. Healing modalities include good nutrition, hygiene, body language awareness and change, relaxation, and rest.
    East is the direction of the Element Air and the Power of Mind. Its Nature forms are the winds, the atmosphere, and the breath. In human life, this is the mental dimension and the thinking realm. In connecting with this direction, pay attention to your thought processes, to your ability to reason, to your attitudes, and to your mental health. Healing modalities include self-talk analysis, affirmations, journal writing, cognitive restructuring, and education.
    South is the direction of the Element Fire and the Power of Action. Its Nature forms are flames, lightning, and electricity. In human life, this is the behavioral dimension and the doing realm. In connecting with this direction, pay attention to your repertoire of activities, to the amount of time you allot to work and to play, to the quality of your alone time, to the nature of your interactions with others, and to your behavioral health. Healing modalities include play, exercise, time management, life restructuring, breaking destructive or outmoded habits, career development, positive behavioral change, and goal setting and achievement.
    West is the direction of the Element Water and the Power of Emotions. Its Nature forms are oceans, lakes, streams, rivers, wells, springs, dew, precipitation, and fluids in the body. In human life, this is the emotional dimension and the feeling realm. In connecting with this direction, pay attention to your moods, to your feelings about yourself and about others, to the levels of intimacy and trust in your relationships, and to your emotional health. Healing modalities include guided imagery, active listening, expressing feelings, sharing feelings, giving comfort and being comforted, singing, dancing, drawing, and other forms of artistic expression."
-   Sacred Circle, Sacred Sphere: Mapping Consciousness with Seven Directions.  By Selena Fox.




"We call upon you Oh creatures of Earth,
To protect this Circle and Aid in Our Rites.  
Wherefore do We Bless and Consecrate Thee, 
So Mote It Be.
We call upon you Oh creature of Water,  
To protect this Circle and Aid in Our Rites. 
Wherefore do We Bless and Consecrate Thee,  
So Mote It Be.  
We call upon you Oh creatures of Water and Earth, 
 To protect this Circle and Aid in Our Rites.  
Wherefore do We Bless and Consecrate Thee, 
So Mote It Be.  
Oh Thou Circle, Be Thou a meeting place of Love and Joy, 
In Perfect Truth and Trust 
A Shield against all wickedness and evil intent, 
A Rampart of Protection for All who stand herein!  
Wherefore do we Bless and Consecrate Thee, 
By the Holy and Sacred names of Athena, Cerridwen, Rhiannon, 
Mercury and Pan ... 
This Circle is Cast, safe and secure,  
Sacred Space created for all that is Pure!  
So Mote It Be!"
-   Casting the Sacred Circle, by Silver Wolfe  



"The cyclical symbolism of the chess-board resides in the fact that it expresses the unfolding of space according to the quaternary and octonary of the principal directions (4 * 4 * 4 = 8 * 8) and that it synthesizes, in crystalline form, the two great complementary cycles of sun and moon: the duodenary of the zodiac and the 28 lunar mansions; furthermore, the number 64, the sum of the squares on the chess-board, is a sub-multiple of the fundamental cyclic number 25920, which measures the precession of the equinoxes. We have seen that each phase of a cycle, ‘fixed’ in the scheme of 8 * 8 squares, is ruled by a heavenly body and at the same time symbolizes a divine aspect, personified by a deva. It is thus that this mandala symbolizes at one and the same time the visible cosmos, the world of the Spirit, and the Divinity in its multiple aspects. Al-Mas’udi is therefore right to say that the Indians explain, ‘by calculations based on the chess-board, the march of time and the cycles, the higher influences that are exerted on this world, and the bonds that attach them to the human soul…"
-   Titus Burkhardt,
The Symbolism of Chess  


This missing factor we shall find in the Divine Pymander, or fragments of Hermes. There we meet with the ten in the mount, and the ten are the expellers of devils or torments, just as the twelve and the seventy are in the gospels. All these parts belong to one system of mythological representation, and wherever they are separately found can be identified, as certainly as the scattered pieces of a puzzle by those who know the subject-matter of the total picture. As before said, the scene on the mount of transfiguration reproduces the ascent of Buddha into Mount Pandava or Yellow-White, and of Osiris into the Moon! Now, this Mount of the Moon was a seat of the eight great gods of Egypt. And in the Divine Pymander it is called the Octonary of Tat, who is Lord in Smen, the region of the eight, at the north celestial pole. Lower down it was the mount of the four quarters, or of the Moon, and of the four with Horus in the Mount; and, still lower down, it becomes the heaven of the twelve signs, the zodiacal circle; and here the fragments of Hermes, or the Divine Pymander, have brought on matter of very special importance. One of the chapters is entitled "The Secret Sermon on the Mount of Regeneration." Regeneration is the mystical form of the transfiguration of Osiris in the Mount of the Moon. This Mount, also called the Tabernacle, is said to consist of the Zodiacal circle, the signs of which are the twelve belonging to the Mount--the Zodiac being the lowest of three heavens, or stories to the Mount, Stellar, Lunar, and Solar."
-   Gerald Massey's Lectures  



9 x 9 + 7 = 88
98 x 9 + 6 = 888
987 x 9 + 5 = 8888
9876 x 9 + 4 = 88888
98765 x 9 + 3 = 888888
987654 x 9 + 2 = 8888888
9876543 x 9 + 1 = 88888888
98765432 x 9 + 0 = 888888888



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The Eight Ways of Being
By Michael P. Garofalo

Coming in March, 2008.


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As I am preparing this webpage, I keep most of my daily notes at The Valley Spirit Journal


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Trigrams of the I Ching

The Bagua

Chart of Associations


Trigrams of the I Ching

Chart of Associations, Attributions, Meanings

Eight Trigrams Chart by Michael P. Garofalo




Five Elements


Daily Cycle

Internal Arts: Qigong, Taijiquan, and Bagua









Metal, Sky
White Tiger
Lung, Taste

Will, Spirit
Full Moon

12 pm - 3pm

June 21st - September21st
Summer Solstice







Blue Dragon
Liver, Sight
Oldest Sister


3pm - 6 pm






Black Tortoise
Kidney, Touch
Second Daughter

Water, Cups
Middle Age
Waning Moon

Late Afternoon
6 pm - 9pm

September 22nd -
Autumnal Equinox 




Yellow Dragon
Spleen. Smell
First Daughter


9pm - 12 pm

October 31st -
December 20th







Yellow Dragon
Spleen, Smell

Earth, Coins
Old Age
New Moon

12 am - 3 am

December 21st  -
March 19th






Blue Dragon
Liver, Sight
Oldest Brother


Early Morning
3am - 6am

February 2nd - March19th
Chinese New Year






Red Phoenix
Heart, Sound
Second Son

Metal, Swords
Crescent Moon

6am - 9am

March 20th - June 20th
Spring Equinox, Ostara




Metal, Lake
White Tiger
Lung, Taste
First Son



9am - 12pm


May 1st - June 20th


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Seasonal and Gardening
Poems, Quotes, Sayings, Ideas, Chores
Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo





January April July October
February May August November
March June September December

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Green Way Journal by Michael P. Garofalo








Michael P. Garofalo's E-mail


Valley Spirit Center
Meditation Research and Education
Red Bluff, California

Red Bluff, Tehama County, North Sacramento Valley, Northern California, U.S.A.
Cities in the area: Oroville, Paradise, Durham, Chico, Hamilton City, Orland, Corning,
Rancho Tehama, Los Molinos, Tehama, Gerber, Manton, Cottonwood, 
Anderson, Shasta Lake, Palo Cedro, and Redding, CA


© 2010, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California
Michael P. Garofalo, All Rights Reserved
Last Updated on April 13, 2010
First published on the Internet in July of 2004



The Spirit of Gardening

Cloud Hands: Chinese Mind-Body Movement Arts 

One Old Druid's Journey: The Librarian of Gushen Grove 

The Green Wizard's Portal

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