Imbolc Celebrations
Imbolc, Candlemas, Brigid
's Day, February 1st  
3rd Celebration in the NeoPagan Holy Day Annual Cycle or Wiccan Wheel of the Year 


General Preparations     Quotations     Bibliography     Links    

Prayers     Poems     Notes     December     January     February     Yule

Winter     Spring     Green Man     Nature Spirits     Trees     Flowers    

Cloud Hands Blog     Eightfold Way     Gardening     The Good Life    
 


Research by
Michael P. Garofalo
Valley Spirit Center, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, North Sacramento Valley, California

 

This webpage is under development and will be completed by February 1st, 2014. 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography and Links
Yule, Winter Solstice, Christmas, Saturnalia

 

Ancient Ways: Reclaiming Pagan Traditions.  By Pauline Campanelli and Dan Campanelli.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Pubs., 1991.  256 pages.  ISBN: 0875420907.  VSCL.  Autumnal Equinox: pp. 137-151.  One of my favorite books. 


Ar nDraiocht Fein (ADF): A Druid Fellowship   The ADF is a legally recognized 501(C)3 Church, and the largest Druid organization in America.  ADF has open public celebrations of the Eight Holy Days of NeoPaganism and any spiritual seeker is welcome to attend.  For example, I attend the public ceremonies of the Feather River Grove in Chico, California.  I've been an ADF member since 2007.  I find their liturgical cycle and rituals to be spiritually uplifting, wholesome, life affirming, earth centered, ecologically positive, profound, polytheistic, and open minded. 


The Art of Ritual: A Guide to Creating and Performing Your Own Ceremonies for Growth and Change.  By Renee Beck and Sydney Barbara Metrick .  Berkeley, California, Celestial Arts, 1990.146 pages.  ISBN: 0890875820.  VSCL.    


Associations and Correspondences for the Yule Season 


Astaru Holidays   Germanic and Northern Heathen Celebrations 


Book of Pagan Prayer.  By Ceisiwr Serith.  San Francisco, California, Weiser Books, 2002.  Notes, annotated bibliography, appendices, 286 pages.  ISBN: 1578632552.  VSCL.  Begins with an essay titled "Why and How We Pray" (68 pages) and then a collection of over 500 prayers for NeoPagans. 


Candlemas: Feast of Flames.  By Amber K and Axrael Arynn K.  Llewellyn Publications, 2001.  264 pages.  ISBN: 0738700797. 


Calling the Quarters, Casting the Circle, Magickal Protective Sphere, Creating the Sacred Sphere  


Celebrate the Earth: A Year of Holidays in the Pagan Tradition.  By Laurie Cabot and Jean Mills.  Delta, 1994.  288 pages.  ISBN: 0385309201. 


Circles, Groves and Sanctuaries: Sacred Spaces of Today's Pagans.  Compiled by Dan and Pauline Campanelli.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications, 1993.  Resources, 268 pages.  ISBN: 0875421083.  Ideas for creating indoor and outdoor altars and sanctuaries.  VSCL.    


Cunningham's Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs.  By Scott Cunningham.  St. Paul, Minnesota, 1989.  Index, glossary, appendices, 318 pages.  VSCL.  ISBN:  0875421229.  VSCL. 


December:  Quotes, Poems, Celebrations, Lore, Garden Chores 


Demeter - Wikipedia


Divination Methods: Tarot   Most Holy Day rituals include using some method for divination: Runes, Oghams, Tarot, Gazing, or Signs.  I use either the Voyager Tarot or the Crowley Thoth Tarot. 


The Domestic Witch Blog


Draioch: Rites of Celtic Sorcery.  By Ian Corrigan.  2005.  Republished by Jeffrey Wyndham, 2007.  Distributed by Lulu Press.  352 pages.  VSCL. 
Rev. Corrigan has been the Archdruid of Ar nDraiocht Fein (ADF): A Druid Fellowship


A Druid's Herbal for the Sacred Earth Year.   By Ellen Evert Hopman.   Rochester, Vermont, Destiny Books, 1995.  Appendices, bibliography, index, 213 pages.  ISBN: 0892815019.  VSCL. 


The Eight Seasonal Religious Celebrations of NeoPagans   


The Elements of Ritual: Air, Fire, Water and Earth in the Wiccan Circle.  By Deborah Lipp.  Llewellyn Pubs., 2003.  Illustrated edition.  288 pages.  ISBN: 073870301X. 


Exploring the Northern Tradition.  A Guide to the Gods, Lore, Rites, and Celebrations from the Norse, German, and Anglo-Saxon Traditions.  By Galina Drasskova.  Foreword by Swaim Wodening, cofounder of the Angelseaxisce Ealdriht.  Franklin Lakes, New Jersey, New Page Books, 2005.  Index, bibliography, notes, appendix, 200 pages.  ISBN: 1564147916.   VSCL. 


Fairies, Elves, Nature Spirits:  Lands Spirits, Alfs, Wights, Lars, Trolls, Dwarves, Sidhe, Devas, Otherworld, Little Folk, Ancestors, Ghosts 


February:  Quotes, Poems, Celebrations, Lore, Garden Chores 


The Green Man (Powers of Spring and Summer): Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Information, Lore, Myths, Role  


High Days, Sacred Days in the Year, High Holy Days of NeoPaganism 


In Nature's Honor: Myths and Rituals Celebrating the Earth.  By Patricia Montley.   Boston, Skinner House Books, 2005.  Index, 379 pages.  ISBN: 155896486X  VSCL. 


January:  Quotes, Poems, Celebrations, Lore, Garden Chores 


Labyrinths: Lore, Bibliography, Links, Resources, Quotes


Lammas, Lughnasadh, Summer Festival, First Harvest, August 1st  


Land Spirits, Nature Spirits:  Fairies, Elves, Alfs, Wights, Trolls, Dwarves, Sidhe, Devas, Otherworld, Little Folk, Ancestors, Ghosts 


Librarian of Gushen Grove, Michael P. Garofalo, M.S.L.S., Red Bluff, California, aka The Green Wizard 


Mithraic Mysteries   


Mithraism


Mithraism and Early Christianity, Particularly Roman Catholicism 


Mithraism: The Pagan Religion Similar to Christianity, Particularly Roman Catholicism

 

 

  
Months and Seasons
Quotes, Poems, Sayings, Verses, Lore, Myths, Holidays
Celebrations, Folklore, Reading, Links, Quotations
Information, Weather, Gardening Chores
Compiled by Mike Garofalo
 

Winter

Spring

Summer

Fall

January

April

July

October

February

May

August

November

March

June

September

December 

 

 

Months of the Year:  Quotes, Poems, Reading List, Links, Garden Chores, Holidays 


The Mysteries of Druidry: Celtic Mysticism, Theory and Practice.  By Brendan Cathbad Myers, Ph.D.  Foreword by Isaac Bonewits.  Franklin Lakes, New Jersey, New Page Books, 2006.  Notes, Index, 236 pages.  ISBN: 1564148785.  VSCL. 


Nature Mysticism    


Nature Spirits:  Fairies, Elves, Alfs, Wights, Lars, Trolls, Dwarves, Sidhe, Devas, Otherworld, Little Folk, Ancestors, Ghosts 


Neo-Druidism  


Neopagan Rites: A Guide to Creating Public Rituals that Work.  By Isaac Bonewits.  Llewellyn Publications, 2007.  240 pages.  ISBN: 0738711993.  VSCL. 


Northern Tradition for the Solitary Practitioner.  A Book of Prayer, Devotional Practice, and the Nine Worlds of the Spirit.  By Galina Krasskova and Raven Kaldera.  Franklin Lakes, New Jersey, New Page Books, 2009.  Index, bibliography, appendices, 254 pages.  ISBN: 9781601630346.   VSCL. 


November:  Quotes, Poems, Celebrations, Lore, Garden Chores 


The Obscure Goddess Online Directory and the A-Muse-ing Grace Gallery and the Art of Thalia Took


October:  Quotes, Poems, Celebrations, Lore, Garden Chores 


One Old Druid's Final Journey - The Notebooks of the Librarian of Gushen Grove 


Order of Bards Ovates and Druids.   The largest Druid organization in the world.  A complete training program in print and audio versions, discussion groups, library, extensive resources.  I am a member of this Order as a Bardic Grade student.  The OBOD celebrates the Eight Holy Days of NeoPaganism.  I find their liturgical cycle and rituals to be spiritually uplifting, wholesome, life affirming, earth centered, ecologically positive, profound, polytheistic, and open minded.  OBOD is more orientated towards Celtic spirituality. 


Oriental Religions in the West.   By Sir James Frazer, 1922. 


Paganism: An Introduction to Earth-Centered Religions.  Joyce and River Higginbotham.  Woodbury, Minnesota, Llewellyn, 2004.  Bibliography, index, 272 pages.  ISBN: 0738702226. 


Pathways in the Green Valley Blog.   By Michael Garofalo. 


Preparing for the Autumnal Equinox Celebration, Mabon, Alban Elfed, September 21st 


Roman Pagan Holy Days, Seasonal Celebrations, Religious Customs, Roman Pagan Hearth  


Sabbats and Esbats:  Lady of the Earth


The Sabbats: A New Approach to Living the Old Ways.  By Edain McCoy.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Pubs., 1994.  Index, 255 pages.  ISBN: 1567186637.  Practical suggestions for celebrating the pagan holidays in the Wheel of the Year.  VSCL. 


Sacred Circles  Bibliography, Links, Quotes, Notes.  Photos of the Valley Spirit Center sacred circle construction project. 


Sacred Fire, Holy Well: A Druid's Grimoire.  By Ian Corrigan.  Tuscon, Arizona, ADF Publishing, Second Edition, 2009.  Gaeilge glossary, bibliography, 318 pages.  ISBN: 0976568128.  VSCL.  Excellent resources for liturgy. 


September:  Quotes, Poems, Celebrations, Lore, Garden Chores 


Sexual Magic: Bibliography, Links, Quotes


The Solitary Druid: A Practitioner's Guide.   By Robert Lee (Skip) Ellison.   New York, Kensington Pub. Co,., Citadel Press, 2005.   Index, bibliography, appendices, 262 pages.  ISBN:  0806526750.  VSCL.  Reverend Ellison has been the Archdruid of Ar nDraiocht Fein (ADF) and Dean of Divination and Beast Mastery - The Grey School of Wizardry.  A solitary ritual for the Autumnal Equinox is provided by Rev. Ellison on pp. 187-192 


Solitary Witch: The Ultimate Book of Shadows for the New Generation.  By Silver Ravenwolf.  St. Paul, Minnesota, 2005. Notes, bibliography, appendices, 590 pages.   ISBN: 0738703192.  VSCL. 


The Spiral Dance: A Rebirth of the Ancient Religion of the Great Goddess.  Rituals, invocations, exercises, and magic.  By Starhawk.  10th Anniversary Edition, Revised and updated.  Bibliography, index, 288 pages.  VSCL.  ISBN: 0062508148.  A very influential work on Goddess worship and pagan religious practices. 


The Spirit of Gardening   3,400 quotes, poems, sayings, and ideas about gardening, gardens, and the Green Way.  Materials organized by 140 topics; and a fully indexed collection with a search engine.  Online since 1999.  Over 6MB of text.  Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo


Summer  -  Quotes, Poems, Sayings and Quips for Gardeners  


Valley Spirit Sacred Circle, Red Bluff, California 


Walkers Between the Worlds:  The Western Mysteries from Shaman to Magus.  By Caitlin and John Matthews.  Rochester, Vermont, Inner Traditios, 1985, 2003.  Bibliography, index, 441 pages.  ISBN: 0892810912.  VSCL. 


Wheel of the Year: Living the Magical Life.  By Pauline Campanelli.  Illustrated by Dan Campanelli.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications, 1989, 1993.  ISBN: 0875420915.  VSCL. 


When the Catholics Invented Christmas  


Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner.  By Scott Cunningham.  Llewellyn's Practical Magick Series.  St. Paul, Minnesota, Llewellyn Publications, 1994.  Index, bibliography, glossary, 218 pages.  VSCL.  ISBN: 0875421180.  A very good introduction to the Craft by an open-minded person.  


 

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Imbolc, Candlemas, Brigid's Day, February 1st  

 

 

Fall Equinox - Table of Associations and Correspondences
 

   

Time of Day

Evening, Sunset

Time of Life

60's

Decorations

Acorns, Grapes, Fall Leaves, Dried Flowers

Fruits

Apples, Grapes, Pumpkins, Gourds, Squash, Corn, Wheat
Seeds and seed pods

Herbs

Pumkin, Frankincense, Cinnamon,

Tools

Baskets, Sickles, Scythes,

Goddesses

Demeter and Peresphone (Greek), Ceres (Roman) Kore, Aphrodite, Inanna, Undines

Gods

Mabon, Dionysos, Feyr, Poseidon, Neptune

Themes

Sacrifice, Abundance, Death, Withdrawal,

Farming Activities

Harvesting and preserving wheat, corn, vegetables
Slaughtering farm animals, hunting season, preserving meat

Animals

Crow, Salmon

Colors

Brown, Golden, Red, Orange,

Sacred Circle (Valley Spirit)

West, Blue, Water, Well

Celebrations

Mabon - Wiccan, Druid, Neo-Pagan
Winter Finding - Norse
Winter Nights - Asatru 
Higan-e - Japan
Mea’n Fo’mhair (Greenman) - Druid, Welsh
Michaelmas - Roman Catholic, Christian
Feast of Avalon (Avalon = Land of the Apples) - British
Burning the Wicker Man - Druid
Greater Eleusinian Mysteries - Greek

 


 

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General Preparations
Imbolc, Candlemas, Brigid's Day, February 1st  


 

11.  Working and meditating in the garden is an important facet of my spiritual path.  I need to regularly reconnect with the earth and the autumn season outdoors. I live in Red Bluff, California, USDA Zone 9, Northern Hemisphere.  My late September gardening chores might be quite different from yours, depending upon where you live.  Tend your garden daily.  Water your garden each day.  Weed your vegetable garden.  Harvest squash, tomatoes, peppers and other vegetables from your garden each day.  Review your own lists of chores for August and September, and act accordingly.      

12.  Read about Mabon, Alban Elfed, the Autumnal Equinox Celebration, and late-summer harvest celebrations around the world.  Add notes and links to books, magazines, and webpages on the subject.  See my bibliography and links above Visit your local public library or college library to obtain access to books, media and magazines on the subject.  Study about ancient Indo-European religions.  I update my Months webpages on August and September

13.  Add some appropriate Mabon, Alban Elfed, Autumnal Equinox, or September songs, chants, prayers, reflections, invocations, or poems to your Neo-Pagan Craft Journal, Book of Shadows, blog, website, or Ritual Handbook.  Write in your personal journal.  Most spiritual seekers keep a notebook, journal or log as part of their experimental, creative, magical and experiential work. 

14.  Stay at home.  Improve your home, backyard, or garden.  Eliminate long driving trips.  Do you really need to "Go" anywhere?  Do you really need to fly by airplane to another country?  Explore your backyard, neighborhood, local community, nearby city, county wide area, regional area within 100 miles.  Visit a local "sacred site."  For us, for example, this could be Mt. Shasta, the headwaters spring of the Sacramento River in Mt. Shasta City, the Sacramento River at Woodson Bridge Park, a long walk in the forest below nearby Mt. Lassen, sitting on the shore of Whiskeytown Lake, sitting in my backyard in the moonlight, or visiting a beautiful church or college or park that is nearby.  Watch a DVD on a spiritual subject, sacred place, or inspirational topic.  Learn more about your local environment. 

15.  Read solitary or group rites for Mabon available in books and webpages (see above).  Create your own ritual for Mabon.  Practice the ritual.  Conduct the ritual at a convenient time for you, or your family and/or friends, as close to the day of the autumnal equinox as possible.  Attend a public Mabon ritual of a local NeoPagan group. 


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Quotations, Information, Facts, Lore
Imbolc, Candlemas, Brigid's Day, February 1st  

 


 

"J. G. Frazer in The Golden Bough notes the pagan origin of Christmas: “It was a custom of the heathen to celebrate on the 25th December the birthday of the sun, at which they kindled lights in token of festivity. Accordingly when the doctors of the Church perceived that the Christians had a leaning to this festival, they took counsel and resolved that the true Nativity should be solemnised on that day … Augustine exhorts his Christian brethren not to celebrate that solemn day like the heathen on account of the sun, but on account of him who made the sun.” (p. 472). Frazer argues (pp. 833 & 842) “If the heathen of ancient Europe celebrated, as we have good reason to believe, the season of Midsummer with a great festival of fire, of which the traces have survived in many places, it is natural to suppose that they should also have observed with similar rites the corresponding season of Midwinter; for Midsummer and Midwinter, the summer solstice and the winter solstice, are the two great turning points in the sun’s apparent course through the sky, and from the standpoint of primitive man nothing might seem more appropriate than to kindle fires on earth at the two moments when the fire and heat of the great luminary in heaven begin to wane or to wax … Indeed with respect to Midwinter celebration of Christmas we are left to conjecture; we know from the express testimony of the ancients that it was instituted by the church to supersede an old heathen festival of the birth of the sun, which was apparently conceived to be born again on the shortest day of the year, after which his light and heat were seen to grow till they attained their full maturity at Midsummer … In modern Christendom the ancient fire-festival of the winter solstice appears to survive, or to have survived down to recent years, in the old custom of the Yule log.”"The definition of a Harvest Moon is: the full moon closest to the fall equinox.  The Harvest Moon was thus named because it rises within a half-hour of when the sun sets.  In early days, when farmers had no tractors, it was essential that they work by the light of the moon to bring in the harvest.  This moon is the fullest moon of the year.  When you gaze at it, it looks very large and gives a lot of light throughout the entire night.  No other lunar spectacle is as awesome as the Harvest Moon."
-   The Midwinter Festival of Yule


 


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Poems, Prayers, Rites, Liturgy, Invocations
Imbolc, Candlemas, Brigid's Day, February 1st  

 

 

"Smoke hangs like haze over harvested fields,
The gold of stubble, the brown of turned earth
And you walk under the red light of fall
The scent of fallen apples, the dust of threshed grain
The sharp, gentle chill of fall.
Here as we move into the shadows of autumn
The night that brings the morning of spring
Come to us, Lord of Harvest
Teach us to be thankful for the gifts you bring us ..."
Autumn Equinox Ritual  

 


 


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Mike Garofalo's Notes

My notes, observations, listing of local activities, and studies on the celebrations for Imbolc, Candlemas, Brigid's Day, February 1st:  

 

 

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Months and Seasons
Quotes, Poems, Sayings, Verses, Lore, Myths, Holidays
Celebrations, Folklore, Reading, Links, Quotations
Information, Weather, Gardening Chores
Compiled by Mike Garofalo
 

Winter

Spring

Summer

Fall

January

April

July

October

February

May

August

November

March

June

September

December 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Michael P. Garofalo's E-mail

 

Valley Spirit Center
Meditation Research and Education
Red Bluff, California

Red Bluff, Tehama County, North Sacramento Valley, Northern California, U.S.A.
Cities in the area: Oroville, Paradise, Durham, Chico, Hamilton City, Orland, Corning,
Rancho Tehama, Los Molinos, Tehama, Gerber, Manton, Cottonwood, 
Anderson, Shasta Lake, Palo Cedro, and Redding, CA

 

© 2012, Green Way Research, Red Bluff, California
Michael P. Garofalo, All Rights Reserved 

The information on this webpage was first published on the Internet on December 1, 2013. 

This webpage is under development and will be completed by February 1, 2014. 

This webpage was last modified or updated on February 17, 2013. 

 

Cloud Hands Blog

The Spirit of Gardening

Cloud Hands: Chinese Mind-Body Movement Arts 

Months: Quotations, Poetry, Lore, Garden Chores

One Old Druid's Final Journey: Notebooks of the Librarian of Gushen Grove 

 

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