Ashtanga Yoga Information. Yoga Sūtrāni Pata˝jali. Translation by Astanga Yoga Info. Online 1.
Beloved, Michael. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Translation and commentary by Michael Beloved, Yogi Madhvacarya, 2007. Online 1. PDF, 240 pages.
Bharati, Swami Jnaneshvara. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: An Interpretative Translation. Translation and commentary by Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati. PDF File, 63 pages, undated. Online 1.
BonGiovanni. The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali: The Threads of Union. Online 1. Plain ASCII text, 22KB.
Desikachar, T. K. V. The Heart of Yoga: Developing a Personal Practice. T. K. V. Desikachar. Revised Edition. Rochester, Vermont, Inner Traditions International, 1995, 1999. Index, 244 pages. Includes a translation and commentary of the Yoga Sutra by Patanjali on pages 144-215. ISBN: 089281764X. VSCL.
Feuerstein, Georg. The Yoga-Sūtra of Pata˝jali: A New Translation and Commentary. By Georg Feuerstein. Rochester, Vermont, Inner Traditions, 1979, 1989. Index, bibliography, word index, 179 pages. ISBN: 9780892812622. VSCL.
Hariharananda-Aranya, Swami. Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali. By Swami Hariharananda-Aranya. Translated by P. N. Mukherji. Containing Patanjali's Yoga Aphorisms with Vyasa's commentary in Sanskrit and with a translation into English with annotations. Includes many suggestions for the practice of Yoga. New York, State University of New York, 1984. 514 pages. ISBN: 0873957296.
Hartranft, Chip. The Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali: A New Translation with Commentary. Translated by Chip Hartranft. Boston, Shambhala, 2003. 144 pages. ISBN: 1590300238.
Iyengar, B. K. S. Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. By B. K. S. Iyengar. Foreword by Yehudi Menuhin. London, Thorsons, 1993. Index, 337 pages. ISBN: 1855382253. VSCL.
Johnston, Charles. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Translated with commentary by Chalres Johnston, 2001. Online 1. ASCII text, 68 KB.
Judge, William Q. The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali. Assisted by James Henderson Connelly, Theosophical University Press, 1889. ASCII text version, 68 KB.
Venkatesananda, Swami. Enlightened Living: The Yoga Sutra of Maharsi Patanjali. PDF, 43 pages. Online 1.
McNally, Christie Lama. The Essential Yoga Sutra: Ancient Wisdom for Your Yoga. By Geshe Michael Roach and Lama Christie McNally. New York, Doubleday, Three Leaves Press, 2005. Index, no pagination. ISBN: 9780385515368. Study of Patanjali's Yoga Sutra. VSCL.
Maehle, Gregor. Ashtanga Yoga: Practice and Philosophy. By Gregor Maehle. Novato, California, New World Library, 2006. Index, bibliography, glossary, 307 pages. ISBN: 9781577316060. A translation and an excellent commentary on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali are found on pages 141-292. VSCL.
Messenger, Chester. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Online 1.
Prabhavananda, Swami. How to Know God: The Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali. Translation with commentary by Swami Prabhavananda and Christopher Isherwood. Vedanta Press, 2007 Reprint. Originally published in ?. 256 pages. ISBN: 0874810418.
Roach, Michael Geshe. The Essential Yoga Sutra: Ancient Wisdom for Your Yoga. By Geshe Michael Roach and Lama Christie McNally. New York, Doubleday, Three Leaves Press, 2005. Index, no pagination. ISBN: 9780385515368. Study of Patanjali's Yoga Sutra. VSCL.
Satchidananda, Sri Swami. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Translation and Commentary by Sri Swami Satchidananda. Yogaville, Virginia, Integral Yoga Publications, 1978, 2004. Index, appendices, glossary, 263 pages. ISBN: 0932040381. VSCL.
Stiles, Mukunda. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: With Great Respect and Love Translation and commentary by Mukunda Stiles. Weiser, 2001. 96 pages. ISBN: 1578632013.
Thematic Outline of the Yoga Sutras. 196 sutras clustered in 39 sections.
Vyasa's Commentary. Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali. By Swami Hariharananda-Aranya. Translated by P. N. Mukherji. Containing Patanjali's Yoga Aphorisms with Vyasa's commentary in Sanskrit and with a translation into English with annotations. Includes many suggestions for the practice of Yoga. New York, State University of New York, 1984. 514 pages. ISBN: 0873957296.
Valley Spirit Yoga. Webpages by Michael P. Garofalo, M.S.
VSCL = Valley Spirit Center Library, Red Bluff, California
Many statues and paintings
of the Sage Patanjali frequently include the following iconographic features,
symbolic elements, ritual tools, and esoteric associations:
1. Patanjali sits on coiled snakes or stands with snakes coiled around his body. He is crowned or hooded with seven snake heads, or up to over 100 snake heads, or a hood of 1,000 snake heads. Patanjali is often referred to as "Adisesha," the first King of the Snakes (Adi = first, primary; sesha = King of Snakes).
2. Patanjali is pictured with four hands. The front two hands are frequently held at the heart center (Hydra, Anhata Chakra) in the angali or prayer hands or Namaste gesture (ritual hand position or mudra). The Heart is considered to be the Seat of Consciousness. Sometimes the front two hands are separated with the right hand upraised in the wish granting or wish fulfilling mudra (ritual hand gesture) and the left hand holding a ritual knife or sword representing wisdom, knowledge, or insight.
3. The two hands in the back extend out to the side, are bent, and the hands are upraised. Both of these outstretched and upraised hands show the middle and index finger upraised with the other three fingers curled to the palm. This "V" hand position (mudra) is now a worldwide symbol for "Peace" or "Victory."
3. In the right hand of his outstretched and bent back arm Patanjali holds a circular object, magic disk, a magic mirror, or lotus disk, which represents the powers of light, the sun, illumination, wisdom, insight, spaciousness, air, infinity. It reminds me of the "Ojo de Dios" or "Eye of God" Mexican craft I made as a child; or a shaman's magic disk.
4. In the left hand of his outstretched and bent back arm he holds up a conch shell, a large sea mollusk snail shell, which represents the power of sound, of vibrations, of speech, of music, of sounding an alarm or calling a meeting, of sacred incantations, of mantras, of chanting revered scriptures, of resonating the sacred sound of Aum (OM). The power of the "word" is essential to the Indian and Chinese tradition of direct person to person verbal transmission of skills, knowledge and mystical wisdom from the master teacher (Guru, adept, achyra) to the aspiring student.
5. Patanjali is honored as the patron saint of yogis. He is also revered by Indian dancers.
6. White colors in the artwork or offerings of white necklaces, white flowers, or white candles are associated with Patanjali.
Sources: Deva Wears Prana by Michelle Myhre.
"I bow to the lotus feet of the gurus,
The awakening happiness of one's own self revealed,
Beyond better, acting like the jungle physician,
Pacifying delusion, the poison of samsara.
Taking the form of a man to the shoulders,
Holding a conch, a discus, and a sword,
One thousand heads white,
To Patanjali, I salute."
- Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga Mantra
Chanted in Sanskrit before Ashtanga Yoga practice sessions.
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali - Wikipedia
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