Jin (Chin)
Skilled use of energy, coordinated and focused engagement using muscular force, trained movement responses, skillful use of interactive powers and forces, energies, powers, skills, martial arts skills and training energy


Research by
Michael P. Garofalo


Cloud Hands - Yun Shou

Cloud Hands Website






Jin (Chin)
Bibliography, Links, References

[A hypertext notebook by Mike Garofalo, 2016.]



劲     勁


Jin (Chin)   

Energy, Strength, Vitality, Vigor, Skilled Muscular Power, Strong, Martial Skills or Techniques,
Unyielding, Tough, Power, Enthusiasm, Determined, Energetic, Spirited, Somaesthetic, Trained, Kraft


Jin (Pinyin)   Chin (Wade-Giles) 


Jin :   Muscle, Tendon



Li :  Muscular Power, Flexion and Extension of Muscle Groups in Humans, Strength


Ba Jin (Eight Energies) of Taijiquan.  Article from Chen Zhaokui Taijiquan Association of North America. 

Ba Jin (Eight Energies) in Taijiquan.  Article by Dragi and Marko Bedina. 

Ba Jin (Eight Energies):  Peng, Lu, Ji, An, Cai, Lie, Zhou and Kao

Ding Jin and Peng Jin.  The Five Most Important Taijiquan Skills for Beginners.  Article by Wang Hai Jun.  Translated by Nick Gudge. 

Dong Jin   Understanding Energy   From Yang Cheng Fu. 

Fa Jin - Wikipedia

Inner Powers in Taijiquan.  Article by Dragi and Marko Bedina. 

Interpreting Strength   Tung Chin   From Cheng Man-ch'ing. 

Jin, Energy, and Other Terms

Jin in Taijquan by Zhang Yun

Jue Jin  Sensing Energy

Li by Zhang Yun


Peng Jin

"Peng Jin (pronounced in English as something like [p’hung]).   Peng Jin is the mother of Taijiquan Jin, because without it, nothing else works.  All applications and manifestations of other Jin necessarily include the existence of Peng to occur. This power is most easily described in the example of a rubber ball filled with air.  This ball has a somewhat flexible or resilient and the exterior is anchored to a particular location (or even a mobile location) at its center, in the case of Taijiquan by its frame illlustrated in the legs’ connection to the earth.  Peng Jin, like a rubber ball, has a resilent and only slightly yeilding exterior that naturally rolls when pressed in any location.  Resilience in response to outward pressure and neutral rolling in any direction are its actions.  Peng as an isolated principle is Neutral, (non aggressive, non yeilding).  Its consistent intent is to maintains its integrity as a resilient roundness with no attachment except to its anchor; Peng is not spatially nor structurally yeilding, in those facets it is neutral, yet it is directionally unfixed and yeilding.  In terms of actual applicable methods, Peng may show as upward or outward rolling. In action it is not necessarily neutral as it, like all the other Jin does not manifest in action in any isolated way, but only exists as compound methods."
Ba Jin (Eight Energies) of Taijiquan.  Article from Chen Zhaokui Taijiquan Association of North America. 

Peng Jin.  Article by Dragi and Marko Bedina. 

Peng Jin and Ding Jin.  The Five Most Important Taijiquan Skills for Beginners.  Article by Wang Hai Jun.  Translated by Nick Gudge. 

Peng Jin   Article from Chen Zhaokui Taijiquan Association of North America. 


There is No Jin by Chun Man Sit Association

Tung Jin   Interpreting Strength   From Cheng Man-ch'ing, Tung Chin. 

Understanding Energy   Dong Jin   From Yang Cheng Fu. 




A way to increase Jin is to practice the Form faster.  Yang Jwing Ming, Classical Tai Chi Chuan, p. 136


勁   Jin (Chin) is a form of trained and conditioned application of strength, skilled techniques, practiced martial arts applications of power, trained muscular strength - Li

"The Jin should be rooted in the feet, generated from the legs, controlled by the waist, and manifested through the fingers.
-Taiji Classics










Temporary Storage Space for Recent Notes


Tai Chi Pushing Hands: Yang Style Single and Double Pushing Hands, Volume One: Courses 1 and 2.  Instructional DVD by Dr. Yang, Jwing Ming.  YMAA Publications, 2005.  180 minutes.  ASIN: B00BAQZMG. 



Tai Chi Chin Na Revised: The Seizing Art of Tai Chi Chuan.  By Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming.  Boston, MA, YMAA Publications, Revised Edition, 2014.  Index, glossary, 336 pages.  ISBN: 978-1594393075. 




Push Hands by herman Kauz  book

Taiji Martial Applications 37 Postures Instructional DVD Yang, Jwing ming. 


Chi: Discovering Your Life Energy.  By Waysun Liao.  Boston, Shambhala, 2009.  144 pages.  ISBN: 978-1590306956. 


The Vital Psoas Muscle: Connecting Physical, Emotional, and Spiritual Well-Being.  By Jo Ann Staugaard-Jones.  North Atlantic Books, 2012.  128 pages.  ISBN: 978-1583944585. 


Pelvic Power: Mind/Body Exercises for Strength, Flexibility, Posture and Balance for Men and Women.  By Eric Franklin.  Elysian Editions, 2003.  127 pages.  ISBN: 978-0871272591. 


Secrets of the Pelvis for Martial Arts:  A Practical Guide for Improving Your Wujifa, Taiji, Xingyi, Bagua and Everyday Life.  By Michael J. Buhr.  Create Space Independent Pub., 2013.  184 pages.  ISBN: 978-1492149996. 


The Martial Way and Its Virtues: Tao De Gung.  By F. J. Chu.  Boston, MA, YMAA Publication Center, 2003.  128 pages.  ISBN: 978-1886969698. 


Martial Virtues:  Lessons in Wisdom, Courage, and Compassion from the World's Greatest Warriors.  By Charles Hackney, Ph.D..  Tuttle, 2010.  224 pages.  ISBN: 978-0804840231.   "This martial arts books explores the role of martial philosophy and history in personal character development.  These are a few of the virtues of the ideal warrior or martial artist. But from whence do these virtues arise? Are they inherent, or can they be cultivated and taught? If so, how?  Martial Virtues explores the role of martial arts in character development. It focuses on the spiritual aspects of martial arts training, attempting to answer the question of what it means to be a good warrior.  In this ground-breaking analysis, Charles Hackney draws from the psychological literature on the development of positive character traits and from the lives and experiences of admirable warriors of fact and fiction. He analyzes how the virtues of ancient and modern warriors can be developed by practicing the martial arts.  Using examples from the ancient Greeks to the samurai practitioners of Bushido, from Confucius to Bruce Lee, Martial Virtues scrutinizes such qualities as courage, wisdom, justice and benevolence in turn, employing the lessons of modern psychology to understand how these virtues can be cultivated within ourselves and others.  You will learn what Bruce Lee and Sun Tzu have to say about wisdom, what Miyamoto Musashi has to say about audacity and courage, and what Yagyu Munenori has to say about justice. You will also learn the stories of many of the greatest warriors of fact and fiction, including Aeneas and Hector of Troy; William the Marshal, called the greatest knight who ever lived; Kuo Chieh, the Chinese Robin Hood; the famous Shaolin master Tid Kiu Sam; the 300 Spartans that turned aside a Persian Army at Thermopylae; the 47 Ronin of Japan who revenged the unjust punishment of their master; Korean General Kim Yu-shin, and Toshitsugu Takamatsu, 33rd Grandmaster of Togakure Ryu Ninjutsu."





"There are six primary skills you need for Tai Chi, regardless of the style you practice:

1.  Establish and maintain a ground path.
2.  Establish and maintain peng jin.
3.  Whole body movement.
4.  Silk-Reeling energy (spiraling movement). 
5.  Rotating the Dan T'ien
6.  Opening and closing the kua (the crease at the top of the leg at the groin). 

These skills help you develop internal strength.  Without them, your Tai Chi is empty.  But with these skills, you then develop the ability to listen, relax, adapt to incoming energy, adhere, follow, and counter.  It takes years of practice and is very difficult." 
-  Sifu Ken Jullette, E Book Loc 123



"You cannot do real Tai Chi by detaching your mind from your movement.  Each movement in Tai Chi has a purpose - an intent.  This intent is not to "cultivate chi."  The intent is not to be "One with the Universe."  The intent of Tai Chi Chuan is self-defense.  The movements in the Yang Tai Chi 24 Form are self-defense moves. 
Proper self-defense involves body mechanics and a way of moving that generates power.
Proper Tai Chi involves a relaxed power that comes from good body mechanics and structure.  It is performed slowly as you learn the body mechanics and correct posture, then speeded up for self defense. 
In Tai Chi self-defense, you want to remain mentally and physically balanced.  Your opponent is not in balance mentally or he would not be attacking you.  When he attacks, your job is to unbalance and uproot him physically, then control his center so you can counter and end the altercation.  Sometimes this can be done without injury and sometimes you have to injure your opponent, depending on his intent and the level of intensity it takes to convince him that he should stop his attack."
-  Sifu Ken Jullette, E Book Loc 84.






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© Michael P. Garofalo, 2016- , All Rights Reserved

This webpage was first published on the Internet on April 14, 2016.   

This webpage was last modified or updated on April 14, 2016. 


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