K'ung Fu-tzu
551 - 479 B.C.E.
Links, Quotes, Bibliography, Sayings, Notes

Compiled By
Michael P. Garofalo

November 10, 2003



Cloud Hands - Yun Shou

Cloud Hands Homepage






Links and Bibliography
Confucius, K'ung Fu-tzu, K'ung-tzu, Kong Zi, Kong Qiu, Zhong Ni
Circa 551 - 479


Analects of Confucius.   The Yun Lu (Analects) of Kong Zi (Confucius).  Translations of the Analects into eight languages.   

The Analects of Confucius.   Translated by M.I.T. classics students.  170Kb.  

Classic of Filial Piety.   By Confucius.   Translated by James Legge.  Detailed notes and Chinese text.  

Confucian Classics.   "This site contains Confucian texts with each character hyperlinked to its definition and etymology. No Chinese software is necessary - characters are displayed as images. Links to English translations are included." Includes: The Analects, Doctrine of the Mean, Great Learning, and the Classic of Filial Piety.  


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Confucianism    By Wu-Chi Liu.   27Kb+

Confucianism   17Kb+.  

Confucius    Essay, notes and links.  31Kb

Confucius.   Confucian Analects, the Great Learning, and the Doctrine of the Mean.  Translated by James Legge.  Dover Publications, 1971.  503 pages.  ISBN: 0486227464.

Confucius: A Great Educator in Chinese History    17Kb

Confucius and Socrates:  The Teaching of Wisdom.   By Sanderson Beck.  An extensive and in-depth website. 700Kb+.  

Confucius and the Chinese Way.   By H. G. Creel.   Peter Smith, 1999.  ISBN: 0844619183.  Original title: Confucius: The Man and the Myth, 1944.  

Confucius and the Family of Man.   By Raymong Rugland.   12Kb.  

Confucius: A Short Biography.   Wu-Chi Liu.  23Kb. 


Confucius Publishing Company.    By William Cheung.  

Confucius - Vitrualology    Links.  

Doctrine of the Mean
.   By Confucius.  Translated by James Legge.  Detailed notes and Chinese text.  

The Great Learning
.   By Confucius.  Translated by James Legge.  Detailed notes and Chinese text.  

Higher Learning.   By Confucius.   Translated by Keith Ammann.  

Kong Fu Zi (Confucius)   This extensive website includes:  links, quotes, bibliography, biography, translations, and notes.  By Keith Ammann.  Outstanding effort!!  Current
and nicely annotated links.     

Kung Fu Tzu: Life and Words   21Kb.

Lun Yu.   Full text in English and Chinese.   The 499 sayings of Confucius.  Translation by William Cheung.  

Lun Yu  The 499 sayings of Confucius.  Translated into 21 languages.  By William Cheung.  

The Modern Confucius.   Translations by Keith Ammann.  

Quotations from Chinese Classics
   Includes Chinese calligraphy for each saying.  

The Ultimate Confucius Resource Page   Lots of great links to Confucius. 










Confucius - The Teacher
A Woodcut drawing from a Ming Dynasty edition of the Analects.




Selected Sayings
Confucius, K'ung Fu-tzu, K'ung-tzu, Kong Zi, Kong Qiu, Zhong Ni
Circa 551 - 479


To see what is right, and not to do it, is want of courage or of principle.

Without knowing the force of words, it is impossible to know men.

The superior man, when resting in safety, does not forget that danger may come. 
When in a state of security he does not forget the possibility of ruin. When all is 
orderly, he does not forget that disorder may come. Thus his person is not 
endangered, and his States and all their clans are preserved.

Do not be desirous of having things done quickly. Do not look at small advantages. 
Desire to have things done quickly prevents their being done thoroughly.  Looking 
at small advantages prevents great affairs from being accomplished.

Love makes a spot beautiful: who chooses not to dwell in love, has he got wisdom?

When anger rises, think of the consequences.

To put the world in order, we must first put the nation in order; to put the nation in order, 
we must put the family in order; to put the family in order, we must cultivate our personal 
life; and to cultivate our personal life, we must first set our hearts right.

A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.

Men's natures are alike, it is their habits that carry them far apart.

Study the past if you would define the future.

We take greater pains to persuade others that we are happy than in 
endeavoring to think so ourselves.

Wheresoever you go, go with all your heart.

Don't complain about the snow on your neighbor's roof when your own doorstep is unclean.

They must often change who would be constant in happiness or wisdom.

To be wronged is nothing unless you continue to remember it.

He does not preach what he practices till he has practiced what he preaches.

Have no friends not equal to yourself.

Virture is not left to stand alone.  He who practices it will have neighbors.

Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles.

Fine words and an insinuating appearance are seldom associated with true virtue.

The more man meditates upon good thoughts, the better will be his world 
and the world at large.

Sorrow not at being unknown, but seek to be worthy of note.

A father's and a mother's age must be borne in mind; with joy on the one hand, 
fear on the other.

When anger rises, think of the consequences.  

Things that are done, it is needless to speak about; things that are past,
it is needless to blame.  

Everything has its beauty but not everyone sees it.  

He who speaks without modesty will find it difficult to make his words good. 

Virtue is not left to stand alone. He who practices it will have neighbors.

Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves.

Mankind differs from the animals only by a little, and most people throw that away.

Be not ashamed of mistakes and thus make them crimes.

Good is no hermit. It has ever neighbors.

I do not want a friend who smiles when I smile, who weeps when I weep.  My
shadow in a pond can do better than that.

Silence is the true friend that never betrays.  

Success has many fathers, failure is an orphan.  

Forget injuries, never forget kindnesses.



Humaneness (Jen), Kindness, Love, Benevolence, Magnanimity

Consideration for others is the basis for a good life and a good society.  

He who wishes to secure the good of others has already secured his own.

A heart set on love will do no wrong.

Respect yourself and others with respect you.  

Of neighborhoods, benevolence is the most beautiful.  How can the man be 
considered wise who when he had the choice does not settle in benevolence.


Learning, Understanding, Education, Thinking, Wisdom

The object of the superior man is truth.  

I hear and I forget.  I see and I remember.  I do and I understand.

Learn as though you would never be able to master it; hold it as though you 
would be in fear of losing it.

Ignorance is the night of the mind, but a night without moon and star.  

The cautious seldom err.  

Learning without thought it labor lost; thought without learning is perilous.

By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; 
Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is 
the bitterest.

If you think in terms of a year, plant a seed; if in terms of ten years, plant 
trees; if in terms of 100 years, teach the people.

Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance.

There may be men who act without understanding why. I do not. To listen much, 
pick out the good and follow it; to see much and ponder it: this comes next to 

I transmit but do not create. Being fond of the truth, I am an admirer of antiquity.

The superior man bends his attention to what is radical. That being established, 
all practical courses naturally grow up.

Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without learning is perilous.

A man who does not think and plan long ahead will find trouble right at his door.



Self Improvement, Self Development,  Character Development, Nobility,
Qualities of the Gentleman or Superior Man

The perfecting of one's self is the fundamental base of all progress and all 
moral development

He who conquers himself is the mightiest warrior.

A gentleman considers what is right; the vulgar consider what will pay.

To be able under all circumstances to practice five things constitutes 
perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, 
earnestness and kindness.

Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall

Ethical Principles of Confucianism

The superior man is firm in the right way, and not merely firm.

The man of virtue makes the difficulty to be overcome his first business, 
and success only a subsequent consideration.

If one's character is rectified, then things will get done without orders. If one 
cannot rectify one's own character, what has one to do with rectifying others?

Better a diamond with a flaw than a pebble without.

If you can one day renovate yourself, do so from day to day. Yea, let there 
be daily renovation.

Respect yourself and others with respect you.  

The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions.

A man who has committed a mistake and doesn't correct it is committing 
another mistake.

A gentleman wishes to be slow to speak and quick to act.

Gentlemen cherish worth; the vulgar cherish dirt. Gentlemen trust in justice; 
the vulgar trust in favor.

Worry not that no one knows of you; seek to be worth knowing.

What the superior man seeks is in himslef; what the small man seeks is in others.

A gentleman is calm and spacious; the vulgar are always fretting.

The superior man will watch over himself when he is alone. He examines his heart 
that there may be nothing wrong there, and that he may have no cause of 
dissatisfaction with himself.

It is better to light one small candle than to curse the darkness.

When we see men of worth, we should think of equalling them; when we see men of a 
contrary character, we should turn inwards and examine ourselves.

The nobler sort of man emphasizes the good qualities in others, and does not 
accentuate the bad. The inferior does the reverse.

When you have faults, do not fear to abandon them.


Simplicity, Frugality

To go beyond is as wrong as to fall short.

He who will not economize will have to agonize.

Your eyes are always bigger than your stomach.

With coarse rice to eat, with water to drink, and my bent arm for a pillow -- I still 
have joy in the midst of all these things.

When prosperity comes do not use all of it.  

The chase of gain is rich in hate.

Do not use a bow and arrow to kill a mosquito.  

Waste begets self-will; thrift begets meanness; but, better be mean than self-willed.

Simplicity - Quotes



Work, Employment, Social Duties

Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.

Do not worry about holding high position; worry rather about playing your 
proper role.

A man who stands on a hill with his mouth open will wait a long time for 
roast duck to drop in.

It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop.

He that would perfect his work must first sharpen his tools.

It is better to light one small candle than to curse the darkness.

If you give a man a fish, you feed him for a day.
If you teach a man how to fish, you feed him for a lifetime.

Work - Quotes



Earth, Nature

There are times, aren't there, when plants shoot but do not flower, 
and when they flower but do not produce fruit?

If you think in terms of a year, plant a seed; if in terms of ten years, plant 
trees; if in terms of 100 years, teach the people.

Balance is the perfect state of still water.  Let that be our model.  It remains
quiet withing and is not disturbed on the surface.  

If we don't know life, how can we know death.

It is only when the year turns cold that one becomes aware that pine and 
cypress are the last to fade.

The wise delight in water, but the humane delight in mountains. For although the 
wise are active, the humane are at rest.  And although the wise will find joy, the 
humane will have long life.

Quotations for Gardeners, Farmers and Lovers of the Green Way



Ethical Principles, Moral Rules, Right and Wrong


What you do not what done to yourself, do not do to others.
What you do not wish upon yourself, extend not to others.
Do not do to others what you do not want them to do to you.  
Analects, Book 15:23

To be able under all circumstances to practice five things constitutes 
perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, 
earnestness and kindness.

Knowledge, magnanimity, and energy, these three, are the virtues universally 
binding.  He who knows these three things knows how to cultivate his own 
character.  Knowing how to cultivate his own character, he knows how to govern 
other men. Knowing how to govern other men, he knows how to govern the 
kingdom with all its states and families.
The Doctrine of the Mean

The Five Precepts of Chan/Zen Buddhism




Confucian Timeline
Confucius, K'ung Fu-tzu, K'ung-tzu, Kong Zi, Kong Qiu, Zhong Ni


1027 - 256   Zhou (Chou) Dynasty

551  K'ung Fu-tzu (Zhong Ni, Kong Qiu) born
         Minister of Crime in Lu
496  Leaves office to travel and teach
479  K'ung Fu-tzu (Confucius, Zong Zi) dies 






Notes and Comments
Confucius, K'ung Fu-tzu, K'ung-tzu, Kong Zi, Kong Qiu, Zhong Ni
Circa 551 - 479












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