The Triads

Wisdom Sayings in Three Parts
Traditional Celtic Triads, Druidic Revival Aphorisms, Bardic Triads
American Wisdom in Triads, Neopagan Sayings, Druid Triads
, Taoist Lore


Research by Michael P. Garofalo
The Librarian of Gushen Grove


Bibliography      Links      Quotations      Home 




The Triads for Wise Persons
Bibliography, Links, Resources, Research


American Neopaganism: The Triple Goddess

Awen, Poetic or Divine Inspiration   The "Holy Spirit" of Druidry

The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg: A Collection of Original Documents, Illustrative of the Theology, Wisdom, and Usages of the Bardo-Druidic Systems of the Isle of Britain.  By Edward Williams, aka Iolo Morganwg.  Edited by John Williams Ab Ithel.  Weiser Books, 2004.  425 pages.  First published in 1862.  ISBN: 1578633079. 

The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg, Volumes I and II.  A Collection of Original Documents, Illustrative of the Theology, Wisdom and Usages of the Bardo-Druidic System of the Isle of Britain.  With Translations and Notes; Complied by the Rev. John Williams Ab Ithel.  London, Elibron Classics, Adamant Media Corp, 2005.  425 pages.  In both Welsh and English.  First published in 1862.  ISBN: 1402166648.  VSCL. 

The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg, Vol. I & II; A Collection of Original Documents, Illustrative of the Theology, Wisdom and Usages of the Bardo-Druidic System of the Isle of Britain.  Complied and edited by John Williams Ab Ithel.  Lexington, Kentucky, Forgotten Books, 2007.  461 pages.  First published in 1862.  ISBN: 9781605061719.  VSCL. 

The British Druid Order

Celtic and Druidic Prayers and Rituals   

Celtic Triads: Words of Ancient Wisdom     

Celtic Triads.   John F. Wright's 1995 collection of Celtic Triads adopted by the Crystal Eagle Clan.

Celtnet Celtic Site   By Dyfed Lloyd Evans

A Compilation of Triads  Compiled by John F. Wright, 1995.  The traditional laws, customs and wisdoms of the Pre-Christian Celtic people of what is now know as Scotland, Wales, and Ireland.  Volume 1.  Adopted as the Wisdom and Laws of the Crystal Eagle Clan.  Adopted as the Standard of Behavior and Customs for Llys Gwiddonod.  This document is an outstanding collection of Triads, arranged by topics, and it includes a bibliography and many footnotes.  I have mirrored this excellent document as Celtic Triads at this website as a public service. 

The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg, Vol. 1 at the Internet Sacred Text Archive   

The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg, Vol. 2 at the Internet Sacred Text Archive  

Cambro-Briton, Vol 2., No. 19, March, 1821

Celtic Literature Collective by Mary Jones, Welsh Texts  

Druid Triads - Google Search  

The Druidic Triads

Druidic Triads or the Wisdom of the Cymry.  By Winifred Faraday and Angela Maclaren.  Holmes Pub., 1984.  ISBN: 0916411850. 

Druid Triads: Virtues to Live By.   John F. Wright's 1995 collection of Celtic Triads adopted by the Crystal Eagle Clan. 

Father Oak's Druidism 

The Four Ancient Books of Wales.  By William F. Skene.  1868. 

The Mainogion: Welsh Triads  

Manual of Celtic and Druidic Prayers and Rituals

Iolo Morganwg, Edward Williams, 1747 - 1826    "Edward Williams, better known by his bardic name Iolo Morganwg (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈjolo morˈɡanuɡ]) (10 March 1747 – 18 December 1826), was an influential Welsh antiquarian, poet, collector, and literary forger. He was widely considered a leading collector and expert on medieval Welsh literature in his day, but after his death it was revealed that he had forged a large number of his manuscripts.[3] Regardless, he had a lasting impact on Welsh culture, seen most notably in his foundation of the Gorsedd, and the philosophy he developed in his forgeries had a huge impact on the early neo-druid movement. His bardic name is Welsh for "Iolo of Glamorgan" (the county's name is spelt "Morgannwg" in modern Welsh). Iolo is the diminutive of "Iorwerth", the Welsh form of "Edward." 



            Iolo Morganwg


"Iolo Morganwg:  The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg is a collection of writings, largely forged, about ancient Welsh Bardic and Druidic beliefs. Although the author of this work is cited as J. Williams Ab Ithel, he was actually the editor, who pieced it together from manuscripts written by Iolo Morganwg. Iolo Morganwg (1747-1826), itinerant poet and scholar, was a key figure in the Druid revival of the 19th century. He was personally responsible for reviving the Welsh national poetry contest, the Gorsedd.  On June 21st, 1792, Midsummer evening, Iolo and a dozen other Welsh poets gathered on Primrose Hill in London and held the first Gorsedd in hundreds of years. Iolo was a Welsh patriot and held revolutionary views; he was a personal friend of Tom Paine, and George Washington subscribed to his first volume of poetry. He is said to have influenced both William Blake's poetry and Robert Grave's White Goddess. He revived the concept that the Welsh explorer Madoc discovered America. This led to an expedition to Mandan territory in the Great Plains, which found no trace of the Welsh, but was one of the inspirations for Thomas Jefferson's Lewis and Clarke expedition.  Iolo Morganwg's contributions to world culture are still with us today; there is an extensive neo-Druid movement; and the Gorsedd (and Welsh nationalism) are still going strong. The Gorsedd is held annually during the Eisteddfod in Wales, a festival of Welsh culture. Two other Celtic regions, Cornwall and Brittany, have also adopted the Gorsedd.  Iolo Morganwg, born Edward Williams, a native speaker of both English and Welsh, spent his entire life collecting and transcribing mediaeval Welsh documents, as well as writing poetry under his own byline. He was also a first-rate literary forger of ancient Welsh; some have commented that his forgeries were as good or better than the real thing. Furthermore, he wrote much of the Barddas under the influence of laudanum (an opium-based medication which he took for asthma). Scholars have spent two centuries trying to establish which parts of his extensive writings purporting to be based on ancient manuscripts are genuine, and which he wrote personally. Our understanding is still very murky. For these reasons, Iolo's writings are considered highly controversial.  Because Druidic beliefs were exclusively transmitted orally, we have no primary accounts of it, so there is practically nothing to compare this text with.  However, this is one of those visionary texts which is worth reading for its own merits, irrespective of whether it is 'genuine' or not. Taken at face value, the Barddas remains a fascinating text. It has resonances with the Upanishads, Kabbalah, and Freemasonry. The Bardic alphabet presented in the 'Symbol' section is completely invented, based on Runic and Ogham, and has utility as a magical alphabet. However it is about as genuine as the alphabets of J.R.R. Tolkien. The 'Theology' section appears to be based on Iolo's peculiar Christian views (he described himself as a Unitarian Quaker). 'Theology' also contains a great number of Triads, some of which may be from authentic ancient Bardic lore. The 'Wisdom' section has a great deal of mythopoetic information, some of which is authentic, some not. The Barddas is great reading if you are at all interested in the ancient Druids, as long as you keep in mind the background of its creation."
-  Sacred Texts  


Nwyfre   "Nwyfre (pronounced "NOOiv-ruh") is an old Welsh term meaning "sky" or "heaven." As an element, nwyfre is the source of life and consciousness, and modern Druids often refer to it simply as the life force. Its image in nature is blue sky."  It corresponds to the idea of life force in Taoism called "Qi" or "Chi" or in Hatha Yoga "Prana" and is also associated with breath, breathing, air. 

One Old Druid's Final Journey: The Notebooks of the Librarian of Gushen Grove 

The Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids

Pulling Onions by Mike Garofalo   Aphorisms of a gardener.  I have composed a number of Triads. 

The Rattlesnake Genius. 

The Red Book of Hergest, Welsh, after 1382.  Oxford University Library Manuscript Collection.   

Reincarnation, Triads, Faerie Witchcraft and Wiccae

Ripening Peaches: Taoist Studies and Practices 

Rule of Three - Wikipedia

The Spirit of Gardening    3,500 quotes arranged by 130 Topics  



The Three Primary Gods (Three Shining Ones, Three Mighty Ones)

Rome, Capitoline Triad: Jupiter, Juno, Minerva 
Greece: Zeus, Athena, Apollo 
Greek, Three Female Fates, Moirae: Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos 
Norse, Norns, Three Old Women: Uršr (Wyrd), Veršandi and Skuld 
Vedic, Maha Saraswati: Maha Kali, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Saraswati.
Roman, Three Mothers, Matres and Matrones
India:  Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva   
Egypt: Isis, Horus, Sub 
Taoist: Three Pure Ones (Sānqīng, Three Pristine Ones): Jade Purity, The Yuanshi Tianzun, Universal Lord of the Primordial Beginning; the Supreme Pure One, the Universal Lord of the Numinous Treasure, The Lingbao Tianzun; and The Grand Pure One, The Universal Lord of the Way and its Virtue, The Daode Tainzun, Laotzu. 
Neo-Pagan Druid:  Ancestors, Nature Spirits, Gods 


Trinity, Triune God, Three Ways that God or Goddess Appears,
Three Faces of the Divine, One Being with Three Phases 

Wiccan Triple Goddess:  Maiden, Mother, Crone  
Catholic Christian:  Father, Son, Holy Spirit 
Nature:  Past, Present, Future 
Person:  Youth, Adulthood, Old Age 

"Triple-headed, triple-voiced Selene
Triple-pointed, triple-faced, triple-necked,
And goddess of the triple ways, who hold
Untiring flaming fire in triple baskets,
And you who oft frequent the triple way
And rule the triple decades." 
-   Papyri Graecae Magicae, Prayer to Selene (4th century CE)



Triad, Triads, Triplets, Threeness, Threefold Sayings, Wisdom Sayings, The Three Best Things, Aphorisms in Three Part Forms. Thinking in Threes, Triads of Ireland, Triads of Wales, Triads of Britain, Triads of Celtic Nations, Triads of Celtic Spirituality, Triple Goddess, Triplicity

The Triads of Bardism 

Triads of Ireland - Wikipedia Article 

Triads of Ireland by Kuno Meyer, Ph.D..  Dublin, Hodges, Figgis, and Co., 1906.  Full Text.  Meyer, Kuno (ed. and tr.). The Triads of Ireland. Todd Lecture Series 13. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 1906. Available online as PDF from the Internet Archive and Google Books, and the main text and translation as html markup from CELT here and here and from Dennis King.

Triads of King Arthur's Court  

Trioedd Ynys Prydein, The Welsh Triads.  By Rachel Bromwich, (University of Wales, Cardiff, 1961, repr. 1978).

Vortigern Studies   British History 400-600

Welsh Triads  "The earliest triads date from pre-Saxon invasion literature. (Arthur encyclopedia) It is supposed that the triadic form may reflect ancient Celtic beliefs of the mystique of the number 3. According to Celtic myth, the number connoted three goddesses; there were many different groups of three goddesses for varying situations represented differing deities. The earliest surviving collection of the Welsh Triads is bound in the manuscript Peniarth 16, now at the National Library of Wales, which has been dated to the third quarter of the 13th century and containing 46 of the 86 triads edited by Rachel Bromwich. Other important manuscripts include Peniarth 45 (written about 1275), and the pair White Book of Rhydderch (Welsh: Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch) and Red Book of Hergest (Llyfr Coch Hergest), which share a common version of the Mabinogion clearly different from the version behind the collections in the Peniarth manuscripts.  The Mabinogion: 'The Four Branches of the Mabinogi', 'Culhwch and Olwen', 'The Dream of Macsen Wledig', 'Lludd and Llefelys', 'Peredur', 'Owain', and 'Geraint and Enid'. The Mabinogion is a collection of eleven Welsh "tales of youth". It was translated by Lady Charlotte Guest (1838–1839) and contains four tales from The Red Book of Hergest as well as fragments from the White Book of Rydderch. The tales were composed during the 11th and 12th centuries, and began full compilation by 1200. () Mabinogi refers to a group of four of the tales known as "Pedair Cainc y Mabinogoni". The word is derived from the Welsh mab meaning 'boy' or 'youth'. In addition to these four tales, the Mabinogion contains the texts of Culhwch and Olwen, the Dream of Maxen, Lludd and Llevelys, The Dream of Rhonabwy, The Lady of the Fountain, Son of Evrawg, and Gereint and Enid. Arthur appears in many of these tales. The four main branches of the tale include the tales of Pwyll, Branwen, Manawydan, and Math. All of these are stories on Celtic myths. The tales take place in a pre-Norman past, creating a strong sense of 11th century Welsh society and early Norman influence on the material life of the nobility. Within these four branches are other loosely-related stories, which adhere to Norman history. These serve as important histories as they were written before Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, thus they are novus originae of Arthurian Legend tradition. For example, Culhwch ac Olwen, antedates the Norman Conquest. This story takes place in King Arthur's court, and it describes a sequence of challenges in which Culhwch must accomplish to win the daughter of the gaint Ysbaddaden. These Welsh romances correspond to 12th century French Romances of Yvain, Perceval, Erec and Enide leading scholars to believe that these French or Breton tales derive from Welsh materials. The Mabinogion also inspired several modern English texts such as The Virgin and the Swine by Evangaline Walton.[9][10]"

Welsh Triads, Llyfr Coch Hergest, 588-600 CE

Welsh Triads: Peniarth MS (Formerly Hengwrt 536) 

Welsh Triads  

Welsh Triads - Google Search  

Welsh Triads - Wikipedia Article

The White Book of Rhydderch 

"Williams, John (bardic name: Ab Ithel) (1811–August 27, 1862), was an antiquary and Anglican priest. Born in Llangynhafal, Denbighshire Wales in 1811, he graduated from Jesus College, Oxford in 1835 to become the Anglican curate of Llanfor, Merionethshire, where he married Elizabeth Lloyd Williams. In 1843 he became perpetual curate of Nerquis, Flintshire, and rector of Llanymawddwy, Merionethshire, in 1849.  For much of his early life he adopted the pseudonym Cynhaval, after his birthplace in Llangynhafal, Denbighshire, however took the pseudonym Ab Ithel from the surname of his grandfather, William Bethell. His first book entitled The Church of England independent of the Church of Rome in all ages, concerned the relationship between the Church of England and Rome. This book was published in 1836. It was followed by another in 1844 on the ecclesiastical antiquities of Wales entitled Ecclesiastical Antiquities of the Cymry or The Ancient British Church. In 1856 Archdeacon Williams produced Rules of Welsh Poetry and Medical Practice of Rhinwallon and his Sons with the Welsh MSS. Society. By 1860 he had two more pieces of work ready for publication; Chronicle of the Princes, and Annales Cambriae were both published in Rolls series.  Williams was industrious both as a parish priest and as an antiquary. He was regarded by many of his contemporaries as one of the leading Welsh scholars of his day, and was able to exert a considerable and decidedly mixed influence on the course of Welsh scholarship. Nonetheless his enthusiasm and Welsh nationalist fervour, cause some to criticize him of being uncritical in his approach to the historical record and strongly influenced by Edward Williams (Iolo Morganwg, 1747-1826)."

Williams, John Ab Ithel (1811-1862)  Works at Project Gutenberg






Various Triads of Neopagan, Celtic, Bardic, Druidic, Taoist, and Universalistic Paths 
Triads: Quotations, Sayings, Aphorisms, Wisdom Lore


Note:  The Triads I have compiled in this document represent what I would like to admire, believe and share.  I have modified, invented, changed, rewritten, selected, excluded, created, added, rephrased, and borrowed based upon my own preferences and experiences - personal insights rather than historical scholarship.  I am a member of two Neo-Pagan study and practice groups.  My outlook is one of sensuous spirituality, pragmatism, romanticism, Neopaganism, Druidry, and following the Green Way.  For those who want to read highly qualified scholars, translators, and authorities on the subject of the Triads, Druids, and Celtic or Northern Spirituality, please consult the works suggested above or in my reading guides

Sources of Triads Listed Below:

(Barddas)   The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg, Volumes I and II.  A Collection of Original Documents, Illustrative of the Theology, Wisdom and Usages of the Bardo-Druidic System of the Isle of Britain.  With Translations and Notes; Complied by the Rev. John Williams Ab Ithel.  London, Elibron Classics, Adamant Media Corp, 2005.  425 pages.  In both Welsh and English.  First published in 1862.  ISBN: 1402166648.  VSCL. 


The Good Life, Nobility, Good Deeds, Things of Value, Wisdom

There are three things without which one is not whole: a mate, a home, and a craft. 

Three things that men cannot have a surfeit of: life, and health, and worldly wealth. 

The three primary ornaments of Wisdom: love, truth, and courage.

Three things proceed from the Three Primeval Unities: all of life, all that is Good, and all that is Power.

Three blessed virtues of the noble: being good in serving others, having a good temperament, and keeping secrets. 

Three demonstrations of wisdom: holding to reason, holding to imagination, and holding to improvement. 

The three grand Articles enjoined by the Druids: to show reverence to the Deities, abstain from evil, and have courage in your beliefs. 

Three indications of dignity in a person: a fine figure, a free bearing, and eloquence.

The three primary principles of Wisdom: wisdom of the laws of the eternal, concern for the welfare of mankind, and suffering with fortitude all the accidents of life. 

The three guarantees of happiness: amiability, good habits, and forbearance. 

We teach that the gods should be honored, no injustices done, and that manly behavior always be maintained.

Three sources of prosperity for a man: plowing the lands of his forefathers, finely countering an argument, and requiring his children to be noble.  

The three foundations of Druidism: peace, love, and justice. 

Three things lovable in a person: tranquility, wisdom, and kindness.

Three things which it is right to thank a man for: an invitation, a warning, and a gift.  

Three things which prolong the lifetime of a person: the soil which rears a child, the food which nourishes a child, and play which diverts a child.

Three marvelous deeds: to forgive a wrong done, to amend everything possible, and to refrain from injustice.

Three things by which excellence is established: Taking all things in moderation with nothing in excess, abidance to oaths, and acceptance of responsibility.     

Three followers of wisdom: imagination, purpose and endeavor. 

Three things without which there can be nothing good: truth, peace, and generosity.

The signs of compassion: to understand a child's complaint, not to disturb animals lying down, and to be cordial to strangers. 

Three things which strengthen a person to stand against the whole world: seeing the quality and beauty of truth, seeing beneath the cloak of falsehood, and seeing to what ends truth and falsehood come.

Three possessions we value most take away pride from us: our money, our time, and our conscience.

Three things needful to one who has done wrong: to acknowledge their wrong, to seek to be upright, and to make restitution.

A man is what he thinks he is, what others think he is, and what he really is. 

"When you die, only three things will remain of you, since you will abandon all material things on the threshold of the Otherworld: what you have taught to others, what you have created with your hands, and how much love you have spread. So learn more and more in order to teach wise, long-lasting values. Work more and more to leave the world things of great beauty. And Love, love, love people around you for the light of Love heals everything."
-  Franēois Bourillon  

The three foundations of success: bold design, frequent practice, and frequent mistakes. 

Things To be controlled are the hand, the tongue, and desire. 

Three things must be united before good can come of them: thinking well, speaking well, and acting well.




Prayers, Invocations

"Grant, Goddess, thy refuge;
and in refuge, strength;
and in strength, understanding;
and in understanding, knowledge;
and from knowledge, knowledge of what is right;
and from knowledge of what is right, the love of it;
and from loving, the love of the Goddess." 
-  Iolo Morganwg, The Druid's Prayer, Gorsedd Prayer, a Variation
   (Substitute for "Goddess" terms of religious reverence such as "God, Great Spirit, Mother Nature, Nature, etc.")

Three Cheers:  Hip Hip Horray!   Hip Hip Horray!   Hip Hip Horray!    (Modern meaning, sans Crusader's origins.) 



Learning, Bardic Path, Spiritual Path


The three necessary functions of a Bard: to teach and explain all things in the face of the sun and the eye of light; to praise all that is excellent and good; and to substitute peace for devastation and pillage. 

Three noble poetic arts are: the singing of verse, the playing of a harp, and the telling of stories. 

The three constituents of art: instruction from a master, who knows it; innate understanding that will comprehend it; and, the exercise of congenial Awen.  

The three constituents of Awen: knowledge, or understanding; vigorous affection; and devotion. 

There are three whose full reward can never be given to them: parents, a good teacher and the Gods. 

The levels of mastery are three: mastery of self, mastery of the world, and mastery of the unknown. 

Three things commendable in a Bard are warm affection, gentle boldness, and energetic reason.

The three necessary functions of a Bard: to teach and explain all things in the face of the sun and the eye of light; to praise all that is excellent and good; and to substitute peace for devastation and pillage.

There are three branches of Bardism: Poetry; Ovatism; and Druidism; and these three branches are adjudged to be of equal privilege and of equal weight, for one cannot have supremacy over the other; though they are distinct in object, they are not distinct in privilege. 

Three rewards of those who learn to temper their emotions: experience, strength, and introspection.

The three duties of the Bard are to encourage the celebration of the seasonal celebrations, demonstrate friendliness and hospitality, and help maintain peace. 

The three tasks of a Druid are to live fully in the present, honor tradition and the ancestors, and to hear the voice of tomorrow.

The three elevations of art: information from him who knows it, genial understanding to comprehend it, and needful occasion to practice it. 

Bardism was obtained originally from three things: Awen from the Gods, instruction from wise persons, and the tendencies of our nature. 

The three branches of learning include: poetry for the Bards, knowledge for the Ovates, and wisdom for the Druids. 

The three virtues of a Bard are to tell the truth, seek justice for the oppressed, and exercise reason in difficult situations. 

The three steps of reasoning: thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. 




Friendship, Mentors, Good Neighbors, Soul Mates 


There are three men that all ought to look on with affection: he that with affection looks on the face of the earth, he that is delighted with rational works of art, and he that looks lovingly on little infants. 

The three manifestations of humanity: a loving manner, affectionate bounty, and praiseworthy knowledge. 

Three things to leave behind:  what you have taught to others, what you have created with your own hands, and how much love you have spread. 

Three things that bring a person respect among their neighbors: supporting themselves, being wise in their council, and being kind.

There are three things that one should give freely to guests: gracious accommodations, friendly conversation, and insured safety.

The Awen symbolizes in man the three virtues: courage, brotherhood, and selfless service. 

Three things that bring a person the love of their neighbors: to be a peacemaker, to be a helper, and to be a guide.

The three gifts of charity: food, sanctuary, and instruction.




Country, Homeland, Nation, Patriotism, Government, Law 


There are three unalienable rights: life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.  

The thee branches of government are the legislative, executive and judicial. 

We respect truth in heart, strength in arms, and honesty in speech. 

Three arch-enemies of human kind: fire, water, and a king.

Strength in our arms, truth on our tongue, and clarity in our heart.

There are three things, and any who move them are accursed: the boundary of land, the course of water, and the sign of a road or track.

Three things which the law-abiding will gain: health, success, and honor.

Three duties of the excellent person: to cherish their mate and children, to love their country, and to obey the laws of their people.  

It is easier to determine the truth when these three prime evidences are existent: physical items which tell a story; trustworthy witnesses which tell their story; and, concurrence with known truths.  

There are three foundations of law and custom: order, justice, and peace.

There are three authoritative cries: the cry of country and nation to begin, a cry relative to a pledge, in right of claim, and a cry for a recurrence, in virtue of obligation.   

There are three things free to a country and its borders: the roads, the rivers, and the sacred places.  

Three things which come from peace: increase of possessions, improvement of manners, and enlargement of knowledge.

The three duties of Druids: to support science, to elucidate truth, and to cherish peace and tranquility. 



Avoid, Don't Do, Ignoble, Errors, Harmful or Evil Acts

Three ways to lose excellence: to become a servant to one's passions, to not learn from the examples set by others, to indulge to excess.

Three errors not acknowledged: fear of an enemy, torment of love, and a jealous persons' evil suspicion of their mate.

Three things that engender great harm upon a man: wickedness, a bad temper, and gluttony.  

Three chief attributes of a person likely to do wrong: an angry countenance, an arrogant spirit, and an insatiable covetousness.

Keep yourself away from three kinds of persons:  the joyless, the mocker, and the one who laughs at lawless doings.

Three things that ruin wisdom: ignorance, inaccurate knowledge, and forgetfulness.

Three things that follow sloth: evil deeds, evil report, and evil end.

Three things by nature cause their possessor to err: youth, prosperity, and ignorance. 

Three things resemble each other: a bright sword which rusts from long staying in the scabbard, bright water which stinks from long standing, and wisdom which is dead from long disuse.

Three conflicts in peace: poor land, troublesome wife (husband), and a bad lord.  

Three things grow more enfeebled daily, there being a majority of desires in opposition to them: hatred, injustice, and and ignorance.

There are three things which mislead the world: the promises of masters, the garments of priests, and the lies of traitors.   

Concerning three things that hide: an open bag hides nothing, an open door hides little, an open person hides something.

Three acts that cause harm: gluttony, fighting, and fickleness.  

The wise avoid expecting the impossible, grieving over the irretrievable, and fearing the inevitable. 

Three strong things in the world: a lord, a fool, and the Void.   

There are three things which those who do ill will gain: poverty, a bad report, and a bad conscience.

Three false sisters: "perhaps", "maybe", and "I dare say'.  

Three misfortunes of a dwelling: impure land, hidden refuse, and a house full of sparks.   

Three difficult paths: cries, bad weather, and persecution. 

The three worst smiles: the smile of a wave, the smile of a lewd woman, the grin of a dog ready to leap. 

Three roots of every evil: covetousness, falsehood, and arrogance.

There are three common horns, which ought to be used in every convention of federate country: the horn of murder and waylaying; the horn of oppression of border country and stranger; and, the horn of devastation and pillage.

Three things not easy to check: the stream of a cataract, an arrow from a bow, and a rash tongue.

The signs of cruelty: to needlessly frighten an animal, to needlessly tear up plants and trees, and to needlessly ask for favors. 

Three things which the quarrelsome will gain: strife, shame, and neglect of necessities. 

The three necessary obligations of mankind: to choose, to change, and to endure. 




Theology, Spirituality, Religion, Deities, Ancestors, Nature Spirits 


The three foundations of spirituality: the hearth as altar, work as worship, and service as sacrament. 

The three things that make a man equal to an Angel: the love of every good, the love of exercising charity, and the love of pleasing the Goddess.  

The Mighty Ones are of necessity three things: the greatest part of life, the greatest part of science, and the greatest part of force.

Honor the Three Kindreds: The Ancestors, spirits of the ancient dead; The Earth Spirits who share this world with us; and the Gods, or the Shining Ones.

When the soul is inspired it inherits three gifts: primitive genius, primitive love, and primitive memory. 

Three who are loved by the Mighty Ones: the strong just person, the brave merciful person, and the person generous without regret.

Three gains of those who heed the advice of the Old Ones: illumination, wisdom and clarity. 

Three people hateful to the Mighty Ones: the liar, the thief, and the miser.   

Three things that will confirm and honor Awen: energetic industry, correct meditation, and courteous affection. 

Beware of preachers who shout too much, claim to know the Word of God, and talk too much about sin.   (American) 

The three common oblations (offerings) are milk, meal, and honey. 

Three reasons for supplicating to the Mighty Ones: because it is a pleasure to you, that you may be a friend of those who are wise, and because your soul will go to the Otherworld. 

There are three things which move together as quickly the one as the other: lightning , thought , and the help of the Mighty Ones.

Whatever you do will return back to you in threefold measures. 

The Three Pure Ones are the Universal Guardian of the Primordial Beginning, the Universal Guardian of the Numinous Treasures, and the Universal Guardian of the Way and Its Virtue.   (Taoist) 




Nature, Science, Natural World, Work, Agriculture 


There are three primary elements: corporeal (calas), fluid, and air.    (Solid, liquid, and gas)    (Universal, Celtic)

The three principal adornments of every thing: time, place, and quality.  

Three good things for one who loves good health: enough sleep, enough food, and enough warmth.   

The Three Luminaries (San Kuang) are the sun, the moon, and the stars.  (Taoist)

Three things no being can be seen without: covering, movement, and shadow.

I create my own reality with my thoughts, feelings and actions. 

Live by the motto: knowledge, nature, and truth. 

Three foods which bring health, long life, and clear understanding: corn food, milk food, and garden food.

Three things which the early riser will gain: health, wealth, and happiness.

Three rules of work: out of clutter find simplicity, from discord find harmony, and in the middle of difficulty lies opportunity. 

There are three things excellent among worldly affairs: hating folly, loving excellence, and endeavoring constantly to learn.

The three materials of every thing: earth, water, and Nwyvre.

The three cosmic realms:  Earth, Man, and Heaven.  (Taoist)

Three unfailing remedies in every disease and sickness: nature, time, and patience.

Three things which the upright will gain: worldly sufficiency, peace of conscience, and unending happiness.

Three candles that illume every darkness: truth, nature, and knowledge.

There are three particular twos: day and night, men and women, earth and water.  

Three customary acts which make one healthy and long-lived: work, by tilling, in moderation; rising early; and, innocent mirth.

Three slender things that best support the world: the slender stream of milk from the cows dug into the pail; the slender blade of green corn upon the ground; the slender thread over the hand of a skilled woman.

The three gardening tasks: planting in the right place, watering at the right time, and weeding out the competition.  (Universal)

Three sounds of increase: the lowing of a cow in milk; the din of a smithy; the swish of a plow.

There are three things which keep order and system for everything in the world: number, weight, and measure.

Humans cannot survive more than three hours exposed to extremely high or low temperatures, more than six days without water, more than nine days without food. 

Three dead things that give evidence on live things: a pair of scales, a bushel, a measuring-rod. 















































































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Last updated on August 20, 2010

First published on the Internet on June 1, 2010. 

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